Marx, Gurdjieff, and Mannheim: Contested Utopistics of Self and Society in a World- History Context | OKCIR: Omar Khayyam Center for Integrative Research
This paper offers a general, synoptic outline and basic argument of Tamdgidi's comparative/integrative doctoral studies of Marx, Gurdjieff, and Mannheim. Therein, he explored the utopistic theories of Karl Marx, G. I. Gurdjieff, and Karl Mannheim as contested efforts towards the good life in self and society within a world-historical framework. He argued that the three approaches—representing western utopian, eastern mystical, and academic movements—are fragmented microcosms of an otherwise singular creative human search for the good life. Their mutual alienations, I argue, are rooted in fragmented philosophical, religious, and scientific ideologies which have emerged in conjunction with the broad historical transitions of ancient civilizations to classical political, medieval cultural, and modern economic empires. Human architecture and the sociology of self-knowledge are then introduced as creative conceptual, curricular, and pedagogical efforts beyond the contested terrains of fragmented utopistics in favor of a just global society. [read more ... ]