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Formality Informality
%5Bvc_row%5D%5Bvc_column+width%3D%223%2F4%22%5D%5Bvc_images_carousel+images%3D%221688%22+img_size%3D%22860x600%22+onclick%3D%22link_no%22+autoplay%3D%22yes%22+hide_pagination_control%3D%22yes%22+wrap%3D%22yes%22%5D%5Bvc_column_text%5D%0D%0A%3Cul%3E%0D%0A+%09%3Cli%3ETo+encourage+long-termism+through+a+housing+model+that+enables+expansion+and+adaptation+over+time%3C%2Fli%3E%0D%0A+%09%3Cli%3ETo+counter+the+challenges+of+affordability+of+space+by+enabling+households+to+build+rather+than+buy+floor+area%3C%2Fli%3E%0D%0A+%09%3Cli%3ETo+encourage+the+social+benefits+of+higher-+densities+with+shared+spaces%2C+services+and+structures%3C%2Fli%3E%0D%0A+%09%3Cli%3ETo+suggest+a+housing+model+that+could+be+developed+within+the+existing+block+structures+of+Vienna%2C+allowing+for+incremental+development+to+enhance+rather+than+replace+existing+structures%3C%2Fli%3E%0D%0A%3C%2Ful%3E%0D%0AAdaptability+and+Extendibility%0D%0A%0D%0AOur+proposal+explores+the+possibility+of+developing+a+flexible+urban+apartment+model+that+is+capable+of+being+adapted+to+the+changing+needs+of+a+household+over+time.%C2%A0+Drawing+on+the+distinction+between+%E2%80%98soft%E2%80%99+and+%E2%80%98hard%E2%80%99+flexibility+defined+by+Schneider+and+Till%2C+we+have+explored+different+ways+of+achieving+flexibility.%C2%A0%C2%A0+These+include%3A+4+physical+extension+through+negotiation+with+neighbours+-+additional+volume+to+enable+future+vertical+expansion+within+a+fixed+volume+-+framework+for+physical+extension+-+ways+of+encouraging+ad-hoc+arrangements+for+sharing+space+between+households%0D%0A%0D%0A%26nbsp%3B%0D%0A%0D%0AAffordability%0D%0A%0D%0AOur+proposal+suggests+a+model+in+which+the+minimum+dwelling+is+developed+and+traded%2C+but+this+minimum+comes+with+opportunities+for+expansion%2C+alteration+and+reconfiguration.%C2%A0+The+model+accepts+the+increasing+role+of+private+developers+in+the+provision+of+housing+in+the+European+context%2C+but+seeks+to+harness+the+long+history+that+Vienna+has+in+providing+housing+as+a+social+right+for+citizens%2C+through+individual+self-build+and+collective+building+programmes.%C2%A0+The+model+assumes+increasing+costs+for+housing+and+decreasing+affordability+and+provides+an+opportunity+for+households+to+buy%2C+or+rent%2C+a+smaller+apartment+and+to+build+the+extra+space+that+they+require+%E2%80%93+providing+stability+in+the+face+of+fluctuating+housing+markets+and+a+partial+alternative+to+the+market-+provision+of+housing.%C2%A0%C2%A0+This+approach+could+be+facilitated+by+waiving+obstacles+such+as+planning+consent+for+residents+to+carry+out+these+extensions.%0D%0A%0D%0A%26nbsp%3B%0D%0A%0D%0ASocial+Density%0D%0A%0D%0AWhilst+the+impetus+to+increase+measurable+development+densities+puts+pressure+on+the+quality+and+size+of+urban+housing%2C+density+and+the+proximity+it+generates+also+provides+many+social+opportunities.%C2%A0+Models+such+as+the+Baugruppen+exploit+the+opportunities+of+density+to+develop+shared+physical+and+economic+structures+that+make+homes+on+central+urban+sites+affordable+and+attainable.%0D%0A%0D%0A%26nbsp%3B%0D%0A%0D%0A%5B%2Fvc_column_text%5D%5B%2Fvc_column%5D%5Bvc_column+width%3D%221%2F4%22%5D%5Bvc_separator+style%3D%22dashed%22+css%3D%22.vc_custom_1453305023840%7Bmargin-top%3A+-2px+%21important%3B%7D%22%5D%5Bvc_column_text+css%3D%22.vc_custom_1513781208408%7Bmargin-top%3A+5px+%21important%3Bmargin-bottom%3A+-10px+%21important%3B%7D%22%5D%3Cstrong%3EClient%3A+%3C%2Fstrong%3EJP+Architektur+Perspektiven%0D%0A%0D%0A%3Cstrong%3ELocation%3A%3C%2Fstrong%3E+Vienna%2C+Austria%5B%2Fvc_column_text%5D%5Bvc_separator+style%3D%22dashed%22%5D%5Bvc_column_text+css%3D%22.vc_custom_1513780834969%7Bmargin-top%3A+10px+%21important%3B%7D%22%5DThe+drive+to+increase+the+density+of+new+urban+housing+is+predicated+on+an+interest+in+numbers%3A+the+number+of+people+that+can+be+accommodated+on+a+development+site+and+the+number+of+square+metres+needed+to+adequately+accommodate+a+given+number+of+people.%C2%A0+In+this+context%2C+site+capacities%2C+the+number+of+dwellings%2C+habitable+rooms+and+ratio+of+floor+area+to+building+footprint+take+priority%3B+limited+only+by+volumetric+constraints+on+building+height%2C+and+the+optimal+balance+between+construction+complexity+and+cost+in+relation+to+the+amount+of+housing+provided.%C2%A0%C2%A0+Under+pressure+to+increase+site+densities%2C+the+apartment+as+volumetric+unit+is+being+reduced+to+minimum+serviceable%2C+sellable+dimensions.%0D%0A%0D%0A%5B%2Fvc_column_text%5D%5B%2Fvc_column%5D%5B%2Fvc_row%5D%5Bvc_row%5D%5Bvc_column%5D%5B%2Fvc_column%5D%5B%2Fvc_row%5D