From Galileo and Newton to Communication at the Speed of Light
The Consequences of Intellectual Integration "Isaac Newton was placed by fate at a turning point in the world's intellectual development."—Albert Einstein SYNOPSIS This chapter focuses on several revolutionary changes in human society brought about not by violent overthrow of a prior social order, but rather by new knowledge that unified and integrated prior knowledge and experience, thereby fostering a change in attitudes—a paradigm shift---that eventually made prior attitudes obsolete forever. Starting in the 17th century there have been four such revolutions, all interconnected: The Newtonian Revolution The Liberal Revolution The Industrial Revolution The American Revolution Isaac Newton showed that the universe is comprehensible, that everything happens according to natural laws that we can understand. He thereby discredited the belief in supernatural causation of natural phenomena, such as comets. However, in the words of Albert Einstein, Newton ". . . is yet a more