qataramerica.org
Umm Al Houl Power Plant: Water & Energy Security in Qatar | Qatar-America Institute
Overview – The Umm Al Houl Power Plant is an unprecedented water security and energy project located 10 miles south of Doha, Qatar. Construction on the water desalination and power generation plant began in 2015, and the plant became fully operational in March 2018. – The project aims to bolster Qatar’s water and energy efficiency, attract foreign investment, and spur economic development; key objectives of Qatar’s Vision 2030. – Umm Al Houl Power Plant is one of the largest water desalination and power generation plants in the region. The plant generates 2,520 megawatt of power and 136.5 million gallons of drinking water per day, which meets 30% of Qatar’s need for power and 40% of its desalinated water [1] [2]. – Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC) owns 60% of the Umm Al Houl Power Plant, Qatar Petroleum and Qatar Foundation own 5% each, and Mitsubishi-Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) owns the remaining 30% as a consortium [1]. Introduction As a small state with limited access to natural freshwater resources, Qatar’s water and energy security is a vital component of its national security. Qatar’s population of 2.6 million people rely on an integrated water and power generation scheme to ensure access to drinking water and electricity. As Qatar’s population grows at an annual rate of 2.7%, Qatar’s desalinization capacity will receive a manifold boost by the completion of Umm Al Houl Power Plant. The $4.6 billion Water Security Mega Reservoirs Project that was completed in 2018 …