The Wave Equation in R

The wave equation is a classic example of a partial differential equation. It comes in several variants and has applications beyond the name. In principle, the wave equation describes the path of a wave traveling through a medium. For a one-dimensional wave equation, this describes a wave traveling on a string, like a violin's string. In two-dimensions, the wave equation describes a wave on a membrane, like a drumhead. And for three dimensions, it describes the propagation of sound through the air. The equation can also describe light waves. For our purposes, we will look at a one-dimensional light wave using a second-order differential equation. And to further simplify the problem, we will assume the string being modeled is fixed at both ends. This is the same circumstance as a string on a musical instrument, or a jumprope with the ends held in place. This process is implemented in wave, shown in a moment. We take an approach here that instead of generating a first second step using the simpler method, we actually take a step backwards and create a ``zeroth'' step, as shown in the function. This helps with bookkeeping, rather than forcing a recording of both the first and second steps, before entering the loop, we record the first and continue into the loop for steps. Inside the loop, the step is broken down into three distinct parts and the next iteration is assembled from those parts. Then it is recorded in the output array and both the previous and current iterations are incremented. wave