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Do Schooling and City Living Equal Fewer Babies?
American fertility is near record lows, a phenomenon that demands an explanation. Previously, I’ve explored several such explanations, such as the key role played by postponed marriage. But there is another set of explanations that might have a role to play: education and residential location. Is it possible that fertility is low because American women are spending more years in school, getting better educated, and living in low-fertility urban areas? And if that’s why fertility is low, isn’t it possible that low fertility is actually just a side effect of a good process? Using data from the American Community Survey, we can answer these questions.