A 24 yo with eye injury – International Emergency Medicine Education Project
Eye traumas caused by chemical substances constitute a wide spectrum ranging from corneal abrasions, which are simple burn symptoms, to serious burns that can result in permanent blindness. The most commonly encountered chemicals are cleaning materials, personal care items, and automobile chemicals. Alkaline chemical injuries are more common than acidic ones. Because acidic materials lead to coagulation necrosis and scar formation, deep penetration is restricted. Alkaline materials cause deeper wounds due to liquefaction necrosis. Burns are grouped into four grades, based upon intensity.