Pennsylvania Boreal Conifer Forest Bird Challenges and Opportunities
Pennsylvania mountain conifer forests, which are found primarily on glaciated parts of the Allegheny Plateau, and are dominated by spruce and hemlock, are diminished from pre-settlement forest. Unlike other Appalachian Mountain spruce forests, those in Pennsylvania are mostly palustrine woodlands. The boreal conifer forests that support bird species of conservation concern are peatlands at headwaters of high quality cold