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India's Zaal in Kashmir » RAIOT
Mirza Waheed in his second novel "The Book of Gold Leaves" introduced, what might appear to foreign, non-contextual readers a fictitious creation but, a realistic character in Kashmir known as the zaal. Describing it, Mirza says it was a "beast of dust" which made frequent rounds of the streets and trapped people who stood nearby, whisking them away to interrogation camps and subsequent disappearance. It was an ensemble of terror, violence and state-sponsored brute force. Mirza's description emanated from a reality and had actual instances of forces trapping civilians using every possible method at their disposal.