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The ancient Palace of Knossos in Crete and the quaint village of Archanes
The "Palace" of Knossos is an ancient archeological site of perhaps the 1st and oldest "city" in Europe, and now Greece's 2nd most popular tourist site after the Acropolis. The "palace" was discovered by Arthur Evans (after Minos Kalokairinos had discovered the site in 1878) who began excavating the site in 1900 and who then devoted his life to "restoring" and protecting the site from weather erosion as it had been the first time it had been exposed to weather in some 3,500 years. Evans named the civilisation that built it, the "Minoans" after King Minos of Greek mythology. It appears likely the "palace" was actually a necropolis and a ceremonial temple. The site is only a 20-30min drive south of Heraklion and was 1st occupied around 7000 BC during the neolithic period and before the use of ceramic pottery, and 4000 yrs before the Bronze Age, and 5000 yrs before the 1st "palace" was built around 2000 BC. This period presumably informs Homer's accounts of the ancient Greek world and its