atla.org.uk
The application of humane endpoints and humane killing methods in animal research proposals: A retrospective review
Kathrin Herrmann and Paul Flecknell Refinement refers to the use of methods that help to minimise animal suffering in the laboratory. Research in this area has increased significantly over the past two decades. However, the extent to which refinements are applied in practice is uncertain. To provide an indication of the implementation and awareness of refinements, we