Effects of Functional Water on Heart Rate, Heart Rate Variability, and Salivary Immunoglobulin A in Healthy Humans: A Pilot Study
Benny Johansson, Ph.D. Objective: This study was designed to explore the effects of drinking an average dietary volume of functional water on blood pressure, short-term cardiovascular variables, and salivary immunoglobulin A. Design: Subjects were studied in a randomized pre–post crossover design the morning after an overnight fast. Subjects: Fifteen (15) healthy nonsmoking subjects, 8 males and 7 females,