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Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA) | Machame Cultural Tourism
About NCA NCA was established in 1959 by the NCA Ordinance No 413 of 1959 as a multiple land use area, established specifically to promote the conservation of natural resources, safeguard the interests of NCA indigenous residents and promote tourism. NCA is the one of its kind protected area in Africa where conservation of natural resources is integrated with human development. The main feature of the NCA include the Ngorongoro Crater, The Serengeti Plains that support about 2.0 millions migratory wildlife species of the Serengeti Mara-ecosystem (TAWIRI, 2003) and the catchment forest; the Northern Highland Forest Reserve (NHFR) known as 'Entim Olturot' in Maa language. Other important features found in the NCA are the archaeological and palaeontological site located at Oldupai Gorge and the early human foot-prints that were discovered at Alaitole in Ngarusi area. Because of these particular features and the harmonious co-existence between wildlife and people that has existed for many