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ALAWIYAH
A term derived from the name of the cousin and son-in-law of the prophet Muhammad, `Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 661), `Alawiyah was applied originally to those who supported `Ali’s exclusive right to lead the Muslim community after the death of the Prophet in 632. The tenth-century Shi`i writer al-Nawbakht-1 called them al-Shi’ah al-`Alawiyah in …