A Navaho word which could be translated as the “hungry ghost” the “empty ghost.” This is a characteristic of the “empty self” as stated by J. P. Moreland (Love Your God With All Your Mind). The “empty self” is a cultural phenomenon in our society: Extreme individualism Narcissism (exclusive self-absorption) Lack of empathy for others Infantile personality (“puer aeternus”- – -the eternal child) Passivity thru consumption of entertainment and living vicariously Excessive materiality A multitude of addictive behaviors Perhaps the question is: How do we take on the “devouring ghost?” We are entering a season of anticipation and borning. Do we stand with “angels” or “ghosts?”