Keystone XL Pipeline - Do We Need It? At What Cost? Who Benefits? Who Knows!
The Keystone XL Pipeline ("XL") is the 4th phase of the original Keystone project. What the press rarely seems to mention, is that phases 1-3 are already complete and transporting Alberta tar sands bitumen oil all the way to Illinois and Texas refineries. The XL portion is essentially a 2nd wider pipe from Hardisty, Alberta to Steele City, Nebraska, only this new pipe will take a more direct route across Montana, South Dakota, and Nebraska. The XL route to Steele City will be much shorter than Phase-1, provide for larger volumes, and enable additional oil from Montana and South Dakota to be added to the mix.