Aries: Spartans: Emphasis on war, justice, equality, humble living, and strength.
Taurus: Byzantines: Emphasis on fortifications, diplomacy, entertainment, tradition, unity, music, and riches. Appreciated art and beauty.
Gemini: Mauryans: Emphasis on diplomacy, strategy, subterfuge, and radical change. Both peaceful and warring. Oscillation between peace and dissonance.
Cancer: Persians: Emphasis on mercy, tolerance, acceptance, generosity, family, gentleness, reform, and improvement of life. Vibrant and underappreciated.
Leo: Egyptians: Emphasis on art, extravagance, preservation, wealth, power, mythology, and majesty. Legendary and romanticized.
Virgo: Babylonians: Emphasis on simplicity but quality, realistic art, the pursuit of mathematics, science, and medicine, literature. Influential and a paradigm. (Birthplace of the zodiac)
Libra: Athenians: Emphasis on intellectual expansion, art, music, science, democracy, and beauty. Philosophical and refined.
Scorpio: Vikings: Emphasis on strength, strict system of justice, ruthlessness, close bonds, and adventure (and consumption of psychedelics). Territorial and possessive, but lively and enchanting.
Sagittarius: Zhou: Emphasis on philosophy, spiritual matters, benevolence, wisdom. Decisive but merciful, dis-unified.
Capricorn: Romans: Emphasis on dignity, solemnity, logic, and tradition. Defensive and powerful. Awe-inspiring and long-lasting. Revered.
Aquarius: Mayans: Emphasis on ingenuity, science, exploration, revolutionary ideas, art, and architecture. Mysterious but prominent.
Pisces: Easter Island: Emphasis on mystery, enigmas, mythology, music, art, creativity, and expression. Isolated and fascinating.