This was suppose to be posted a looooong time ago! I found it while cleaning out old documents on my computer. I hope you enjoy this anyway :)
Today I just want to take my time to give
you guys some tips for painting landscapes with acrylic paint.
*(Just so you don’t get the wrong idea, I’m
not implying I am a pro or anything like that at all! I just want to pass on
some things I have discovered through trial and error, thus saving you some
time from experimenting.)*
-Make sure you cover the area you paint in
so you don’t get paint everywhere
-Where a pair of old pants and an old shirt
to avoid getting your clothes covered in paint
-(Optional) If you don’t like getting your
hands covered in paint, you can where disposable gloves
-(Optional) Wearing a face mask to reduce
To create a good landscape painting, you
want to make sure that you create enough depth.
The first thing to paint is always the sky.
You want to work on the features furthest away and slowly get to the closest
features. For example, you would paint the sky, then mountains, some mist at
the foothills, some treelines, some medium sized trees, some large trees, etc.
It is important to keep in mind that
objects further away from you is less detailed, while closer objects are more
detailed. To create a sense of depth in your painting, you need to make sure to
not put too much detail into things that are supposed to be far away.
What is “Glazing”?
Glazing is a pretty simple technique. It can be used to “tint” the base layer of your painting. For example, if you want a darker red colour for the base of your painting, but you have a bright red, you can apply a black glaze to darken the red. Here are some things that you might need to do it!
-A container for you paint. It doesn’t need to be extremely big, but it must be able to contain water (a plastic rimmed plate or the lid of a CD case will work c: )
-A brush. Its size is depended on what you will be glazing (i.e. big brushes for glazing large areas, and small brushes finer detail).
-A cloth to wipe excess glaze applied
To actually make the glaze, it’s relatively simple. All you need to do is mix a small amount of paint with some water, and you’re ready! Keep in mind that the more paint you add, the less transparent your glaze will become.
Fan Brush-A handy special effect brush
which can be used to create waves, trees, bushes and can make effective
tree-lines. You can use this brush to make cool trees by creating contrast
between the base colour you use for the tree and the highlight colour. Used to
make “bushy” effect. I use three sizes so that I can use them for different
distances, for example use the small size fan brush for things far away. They are useful for making a flowing effect (by doing a smooth brush-stroke), which can be used for liquid effects.
1 & 2-inch Brush-Both can be used
similarly, but the 1 inch is good for making trees and small bushes, while the
2 inch is better for blending colours on your canvas together as well as
removing your brush strokes (smooths the painting).
Liner Brush-Good for making thin strokes on
your painting, so it’s is good for making branches, twigs, vines, small plants,
etc. You can use it for the fine details of your painting.
Palette Knife-Literally the one of the most useful painting equipment. If you can use it correctly, then you can paint almost
anything. The way you can use it is to apply a very thin roll on the edge of the
blade. To apply it to your painting, align the knife so that it is nearly
completely flat on the canvas. Carefully and lightly drag to create the
“breaking paint effect” where small holes will appear in the paint your
applied. This is good for creating textures for your painting. You can apply
this technique to mountains, rocks, tree trunks, etc. The knife can do many
more things. A handy trick is to apply this technique in some blank spaces of your painting (whether it actually suits your painting depends on what you are painting).
Oil/Acrylic Paint-The most basic thing you
should know is that oil paint dries much slower than acrylic. Acrylic paint
dries usually within a few hours, while oil paints can take up to days to fully
dry. Because oil paints take longer to dry, you can spend more time working on
Flat Brush- Good for making straight lines and
good for painting trees (tree trunks, treelines), water effects (reflections), general
blending, etc. I tend to like using a medium sized flat brush for shading.
First, don’t freak out if you can’t
remember how to make certain colours.
If you have trouble remembering the
combinations, you can write them down on a piece of paper.
I only use red, blue, yellow, black and
white, so I mix my own colours. Over time as you practice painting, you will slowly
remember the combinations.
Red + Blue = Purple
Red + Yellow = Orange
Blue + Yellow = Green
Black + White = Grey
Green + Orange = Brown
Any Colour + Black = Darker version of the
Any Colour + White = Lighter version of the
So that’s pretty much the most useful tips I can think of, after experimenting with painting for a few months. I think it’s also important to keep in mind to not restrict yourself to just painting. You can sketch your painting on the canvas before you paint it, or you can even add some finishing touches with some colouring pencils! The possibilities are essentially limitless. I hope this was of use! : )
~Solicube, the guy who rambles waaaay too much.