Gaerisa aka Gerisa or Ghirza was an ancient town of Roman Libya near the Limes Tripolitanus. It was a small village of 300 inhabitants in the pre-desert zone of Tripolitania. It was only when Roman legionnaires arrived that a city was created and developed. Initially the population was local Brrbets, with some Roman merchants settling there during late Augustus times.
The Roman city developed quickly in a rich agricultural area. Gerisa became a “boom town” after 200 AD. Former soldiers, mostly local Berbers, but even some legionaries from the Italian peninsula, were settled here, and the arid land was developed. Dams and cisterns were built in the Wadi Ghirza (then not dry like today) to regulate the flash floods. These structures are still visible: there it is among the ruins of Gaerisa a temple, which may have been dedicated to the Berber semi-god “Gurzil”, and the name of the town itself may even be related to this.
The farmers produced cereals, figs, vines, olives, pulses, almonds, dates, and melons. Gaerisa consisted of some 40 buildings, including 6 fortified farms. Two of them were very large. It was abandoned in the Middle Ages. The Limes survived as an effective protection until Byzantine times. Emperor Justinian restructured the Limes in 533 AD. After that, Gaerisa fell in importance and slowly disappeared after the Arab invasions of the late seventh century.
By the tenth century Gerisa was totally forgotten and covered by sand. Only a few centuries later the area was repopulated and now - near the excavated ruins - there it is a small town named “Ghirza”.
— “The West sees liberation movements as terrorist movements, and that is why I am accused of supporting terrorism: because I support liberation movements.”
Under Gaddafi, Libya directed funds toward providing education, health care and housing for all. Public education and medical care became free and primary education compulsory for both sexes. Per capita income in the country rose to more than u.$$11,000.
During the 1980s and 1990s, Gaddafi, in alliance with the Eastern Bloc and Cuba most notably, openly supported national liberation movements like Nelson Mandela’s African National Congress, the Palestine Liberation Organization, and the Irish Republican Army.
اللهم احقن دماءنا، واحفظ أغراضنا، ورد علينا أمننا، ووحد كلمتنا، واجمع شملنا، واهدنا سواء السبيل، ومن أرادنا بسوءٍ فاجعل كيده في نحره، واجعل تدبيره تدميراً عليه، ومن أرادنا بخيرٍ فأعنه عليه، ووفقه إليه، واقدر لنا الخير.
اللهم بلغنا رمضان من دون حروب ولا دماء وبارك لنا فيه.
And we Imazighen should never stop fighting until we’re recognised as the majority in north Africa [again], we have rebuilt our [more egalitarian] Amazigh culture from the pieces left to us, and we’ve taught our Arabized brothers and sisters that they too are Imazighen. Until we’ve opened their eyes to the truth, our activism will continue. WE WILL ILLUMINATE THE TRUTH AND DECOLONISE OUR MINDS.