“(…) the Juche idea inherits all the revolutionary principles of Marxism-Leninism. Marxism-Leninism is valuable revolutionary riches which the working masses gained in their hard-fought revolutionary struggle. Why should the Juche idea, which advocates a complete realization of man’s independence and the successful conclusion of the revolution, abandon the revolutionary principles of Marxism-Leninism? It does not abandon the ideological and theoretical achievements of Marxism-Leninism, but further develops and enriches them as required by historical progress.
Naturally, development involves two aspects—continuity and renovation. It is a metaphysical view to consider only one aspect. The development of a revolutionary idea also involves the two aspects of continuity and renovation.
The basic mission of a revolutionary idea is to explain the aim of revolutionary movement and the way it should be conducted. Marxism-Leninism, the revolutionary idea of the working class, considers it the ultimate aim of the revolutionary struggle to build a communist society in which everyone, free from exploitation and oppression of man by man, is equally prosperous. It also explains that, in order to attain this aim, it is necessary to struggle using a proper strategy and tactics based on the objective laws of social development. From the point of view of the mission of revolutionary ideas, the Juche idea and Marxism-Leninism are one and the same scientific, communist idea, and as such they share common ground. The Juche idea inherits the revolutionary stance of the working class, materialistic and dialectical principles and scientific theories which run through Marxism-Leninism.
But today, in comparison to the period when the founders of Marxism-Leninism were active, the independence, creativity and consciousness of the masses who undertake the revolution have increased greatly, and their position and role in social development have also developed greatly. So there is a need to develop the theory and methods of revolution creatively to meet the needs of the new historical situation. This is an important matter.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung said that in today’s new historical conditions we should construe Lenin’s proposition—Soviet power plus electrification equals communism—as meaning that the people’s government plus the three revolutions is communism. We understand that by electrification Lenin was stressing the need for highly developed material and technical foundations of communism. Comrade Kim Il Sung instructed us that in order to build a communist society we must capture the ideological fortress, as well as the material fortress, and give precedence to ideology.
Capturing the material fortress of communism is an undertaking that harnesses nature, to meet the demands of communism. The endeavours to capture the ideological fortress are the work of reforming human beings, the masters of society, so as to meet the requirements of communism. Socialism and communism are built by men, for men. In order to build communism, it is necessary, first of all, to reform the people, the masters of society, along communist lines. If we are to capture the material fortress of communism, we must press ahead with the technological revolution; in order to conquer the ideological fortress, we must accelerate the ideological and cultural revolutions.
The course of building socialism and communism is the course of steadily improving social relations so that man’s independence and creativity can be made more effective at the same time as strengthening the material and technical foundations of society, whilst the people’s ideological and cultural levels are rising. The people’s government, managing the social life in a unified manner, plays the decisive role in ensuring that the masses hold the position of masters of society and play their role as such. Only by enhancing the function and role of the people’s government shall we be able to rationalize social relations, constantly enhance the position and role of the masses in society and ensure that socialism and communism are built successfully.
In socialist society, where the exploiting classes have been eliminated and state power is in the hands of the masses, the question of reorganizing social relations along communist lines whilst capturing the material and ideological fortresses of communism can be solved smoothly by the people’s government.
The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung defined the general line of building socialism and communism after the establishment of the socialist system as the implementation of the ideological, technological, and cultural revolutions while strengthening the people’s government. This is a living example which shows us how we should creatively develop the revolutionary theory of the working class in conformity with the new historical circumstances.”
― Kim Jong Il, On carrying foreward the Juche idea, Foreign Languages Publishing House, Pyongyang 1995, pp. 148-151.