International Women’s Day is annually held on March 8 to celebrate women’s achievements throughout history and across nations. It is also known as the United Nations (UN) Day for Women’s Rights and International Peace.
1909: The first National Woman’s Day was observed in the United States on 28 February. The Socialist Party of America designated this day in honour of the 1908 garment workers’ strike in New York, where women protested against working conditions.
1910: The Socialist International, meeting in Copenhagen, established a Women’s Day, international in character, to honour the movement for women’s rights and to build support for achieving universal suffrage for women.
1917: Against the backdrop of the war, women in Russia again chose to protest and strike for ‘Bread and Peace’ on the last Sunday in February (which fell on 8 March on the Gregorian calendar). Four days later, the Tsar abdicated and the provisional Government granted women the right to vote.
1975: The United Nations began celebrating International Women’s Day (IWD) on 8 March during International Women’s Year 1975.
being a woman is not defined by the scope of her curves or the size of her breasts it is not defined by the length of her hair or the contents between her legs to be a woman in this world is to know that the odds are greatly stacked against you but still pushing forward regardless it is knowing that you will be faulted for no reason other than that you are a woman but not letting that stop you from striving for all that you deserve a woman is so much more than her physical appearance of course she is beautiful; she is striking this world is constantly lighting her on fire in the hopes of watching her burn forgetting the fact that a woman is a phoenix; she is constantly building herself up again after being decimated down into ashes to be a woman is so much more than what she is born with to be a woman is so much more
happy international women’s day, ladies! today, we appreciate you ladies out there trying to juggle through life, getting your diplomas/degree/phd/masters, graduating college, barely making it, starting a business, running a blog, studying hard for your education, or what ever it is that you do. it’s hard to be a women in this day of age that constantly gets criticise for everything that we do, we wear, we say, and that’s never okay! as they say, “a man who is intimidated by me is exactly the type of man I have no interest in” - Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. i know for a fact women are strong as hell and such badasses. girls do it better they say, and i stand by it. shout out to all the ladies who are standing up for other women, fighting for human rights for women, social justice, equality no matter what skin colour and race. we celebrate you everyday, but especially today. it should be women’s day everyday.
Happy International Women’s Day ✨. Here are some things I want every woman and girl to know:
1. If your feminism doesn’t include women of every colour, creed, race, or religion… If it doesn’t acknowledge your disabled, LGBTQI+ trans, sex worker and disadvantaged sisters, then it’s not feminism.
2. YOU MATTER. YOU ARE ENOUGH. I know we are constantly hit by a barrage of bullshit media that tells us we have to look a certain way, be a certain shape/weight, smile all the time and hold ourselves accountable for the actions of men but spoiler alert 🚨 we don’t. If you’re not following @jameelajamilofficial and her @i_weigh campaign, she targets and explains all this far better than I can!
3. I SEE YOU. I want all my creative sisters who are turning their broken hearts into art to know I see you. I see the butterflies all my friends who feel like caterpillars could be. If you’re fighting in a male dominated field to be heard, I see you. I see everyone who has to drag themselves out of bed because their bodies and brains don’t play fair. You’re not alone. I applaud the mothers who are everything to everyone, raising their daughters to contain multitudes and sons who will respect and value women.
One of my goals in life is to decrease the gap in education, wage equality, poverty and health between women and men, to empower those who feel trapped by circumstance because once we unleash the power, the world will never be the same.
Thanks to the sisterhood that keeps me sane, inspired and passionate. I love you ❤️❤️❤️
Some preeteen throwback for international Women’s Day
Sailor Moon was the first time I had seen a female superhero who wasnt just badass, but celebrated femininity instead of trying to be “one of the boys”. My 10 year old self was in love from the first moment I laid eyes on her.
“That got me thinking about how it would look for fans of colour around the country if they saw me leave. I saw that this was bigger then just me.”
“When I was nine years old, Star Trek came on. I looked at it and I went screaming through the house “Come here Mom, everybody come quick! There’s a black lady on the television and she aint no maid!” I knew right then and there I could be anything I wanted to be.”
“I’m doing for little girls what Oprah and Whoopi did for me. Seeing them on screen, my world exploded”
Here’s to strong women. May we know them, may we be them, may we raise them. And above all, may we inspire them.
International Year of the Periodic Table 2019: Radium & Polonium
2019 has been declared by UNESCO as the
Year of the Periodic Table. To celebrate, we are releasing a series of blogs
about our favourite elements and their importance to the chemical industry.
Today, on International Women’s Day, we look at the two elements radium and
polonium and the part Marie Curie that played in their discovery.
Who is Marie Curie?
Marie Sklodowska and her future husband Pierre Curie.
was born in 1867 in Poland. As a young woman she had a strong preference for
science and mathematics, so in 1891 she moved to Paris, France, and began her studies in
physics, chemistry and mathematics at the University of Paris.
a degree in physics, Curie began working on her second degree whilst working in
an industrial laboratory. As her scientific career progressed, she met her future
husband, Pierre Curie, whilst looking for larger laboratory space. The two
bonded over their love of science, and went on to marry, have two children and
discover two elements together.
her thesis on ‘Studies in radioactivity’, Curie became the first woman to win a
Nobel Prize, the first and only woman to win twice, and the only person to win
in two different sciences.
with husband Pierre and collaborator Henri Becquerel, won the 1903 Nobel prize
in Physics for their radioactivity studies, and the 1911 Nobel prize in
Chemistry for the isolation and study of elements radium and polonium.
Curie won the Nobel prize twice in two different subjects. Image: Pixabay
As of 2018, Curie is one of only three women to have won the Nobel Prize in Physics and one of the five women to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
radium, is a rare and highly reactive metal with 33 isotopes, all of which
are unstable. Polonium was named after Marie Curie’s home country of Poland and
was discovered by Marie and Pierre Curie from uranium ore in 1898.
Polonium is not only radioactive but is highly toxic. It was the first element discovered
by the Curies when they were investigating radioactivity. There are
very few applications of polonium due to its toxicity, other than for
educational or experimental purposes.
Radium is an alkaline
earth metal which was discovered in the form of radium chloride by Marie and her husband Pierre in December 1898. They also extracted
it from uranite (uranium ore), as they did with polonium. Later, in 1911, Marie Curie and André-Louis
Debierne isolated the metal radium by electrolysing radium chloride.
The discovery of radium led to the development of modern cancer treatments, like radiotherapy.
is a silvery-white metal, which has 33 known isotopes. All isotopes of radium
are radioactive –
some more than others. The common historical unit for
radioactivity, the curie, is based on the radioactivity of Radium-226.
radium was historically used as self-luminescent paint on clock hands. Unfortunately,
many of the workers that were responsible for handling the radium became ill –
radium is treated by the body as calcium, where it is deposited in bones and causes
damage because of its radioactivity. Safety laws were later introduced, followed by
discontinuation of the use of radium paint in the 1960s.
Marie Curie: A life of sacrifice and achievement.Source: Biographics
Curie’s work was exceptional not only in its contributions to science, but in how women in science were perceived. She was an incredibly intelligent and hard-working woman who should be celebrated to this day.
To celebrate, here is a selection of works from our collection by female artists: a still life of flowers by Rachael Ruysch (1664–1750), a lotus flower painted by Chinese artist Fang Zhaoling (1914–2006) and Queen Nefertari and the goddess Isis painted by Nina de Garis Davies (1865–1945).
Lotus, 1980, by Fang Zhaoling (1914–2006), who was a leading figure among women artists in 20th-century China. Born in Wuxi, Jiangsu Province, she travelled and lived in many different places, including Oxford, and exhibited her paintings widely in the United States, Europe and East Asia. She continued to work as a well-established artist into her eighties.
‘The Forest Floor’, a still life by Dutch painter Rachel Ruysch (1664–1750) whose career spanned 6 decades.
Queen Nefertari and the goddess Isis. A copy by Nina de Garis Davies (1881–1965) of the painting in the tomb of Queen Nefertari, Western Thebes, about 1230 BC.
Nina de Garis Davies trained at the Slade School of Fine Art and the Royal College of Art in London, and later began a career copying Egyptian tomb paintings, particularly in the region of Thebes.
By using egg tempera instead of the usual watercolour paint used by other copyists, she achieved an effect that echoed the colouring and texture of the original paintings.
The holiday of Purim…is, perhaps, the first International Women’s Day, as the story contains two women who act in defiance of the existing political structures in order to bring about systematic change. The first of course is Esther, for whom the biblical book in which we find the story of Purim is named. In the story, the King of Persia, Ahasuerus, is convinced by his adviser Haman that the Jews of the kingdom are a threat and must be destroyed. The King is agreeable to the plan and proceeds until his Queen, Esther, intervenes. She herself is Jewish, and she pleads that her people should be spared. The scene in the text is fraught with tension, and Esther must defy certain conventions to even talk to the king. She here is an example of defying the odds and making demands of humanity and justice to a government that is seemingly oriented in the opposite way. But we also remember that Esther became queen only after Vashti, the king’s previous wife, was banished from the kingdom. Ahasuerus had demanded that Vashti make an appearance at a royal banquet in order to show her off to those assembled, and Vashti refused to go. Vashti stood up to an unjust and demeaning order by refusing to adhere to it, and instead absented herself despite the risk of punishment. While Esther enacted her defiance through her speaking out, Vashti enacted her defiance through her civil disobedience. Both of these women’s actions advance the story of Purim, and have the effect of, in specific, saving the Jewish people from certain destruction, and, in general, bringing to the kingdom a greater sense of justice and respect for all of its citizens. As we mark International Women’s Day, and we celebrate Purim, we honor the role these two women Vashti and Esther played in the story. And they serve as an inspiration to us, not only in our need to recognize the role women play in the advancement of society, but in recognizing that both of the actions of these women—absence and presence, silent civil disobedience and vocal appeals to power—are tactics that we can employ in working to make a more just world.
Rabbi Seth Goldstein, Purim: The First International Women’s Day (2017)
Chevaliére d’Eon: Happy International Women’s Day!
We interrupt our regularly scheduled programming for a (slightly belated) tribute to Chevaliére d’Eon de Beaumont! (With extra stress on the feminine form of the title, by which she was acknowledged in life.) A historic 18th century trans icon, who: -Served as an elite spy and skilled intellectual, philosopher, and economist renowned in her time -Won the honors of the Cross of St.Louis, which she retained and displayed even after her transition -Amassed one of the largest collections of contemporary feminist works in her time -Orchestrated the rumor that she was actually a woman who had been living as a man and demanded and won official recognition of her gender in her settlement with the French Crown -Challenged, dueled, and thrived against those that insulted and abused her and other women -Fought for the legal right for herself and other women to wear clothes of their preference, attain political office, and serve openly in military -Was a master swordswoman who triumphed in tournaments through the age of 70 -In her twilight years alone wrote volumes of feminist philosophy and theology
Happy International Women’s Day,