The Industrial Revolution brought about dozens of major upheavals in human society. Adapting to industrial time is just one of them. Other notable examples include urbanisation, the disappearance of the peasantry, the rise of the industrial proletariat, the empowerment of the common person, democratisation, youth culture and the disintegration of patriarchy.
Yet all of these upheavals are dwarfed by the most momentous social revolution that ever befell humankind: the collapse of the family and the local community and their replacement by the state and the market. As best we can tell, from the earliest times, more than a million years ago, humans lived in small, intimate communities, most of whose members were kin. The Cognitive Revolution and the Agricultural Revolution did not change that. They glued together families and communities to create tribes, cities, kingdoms and empires, but families and communities remained the basic building blocks of all human societies.
The Industrial Revolution, on the other hand, managed within little more than two centuries to break these building blocks into atoms. Most of the traditional functions of families and communities were handed over to states and markets.

Yuval Noah Harari, Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind

Modern civilization, a double edged knife.

       Modern civilization is a double edged knife. Sick, we are looking for a cure from modern civilization. Sick from a sickness caused from the very same. We are protected from the uncivilized elements, protected or isolated? From a very young age programmed, domesticated, indoctrinated, with one word civilized. We hate and avoid everything that is not concrete, asphalt or any other material that does not represent the civilization in which we were born and raised.

       Concrete is clean, dirt is not! The water from a plastic bottle is drinkable but the water from a river is not! The water that falls on our heads in the shower is clean, rainwater is not! 

       Most civilized individuals will argue on this and say: "Dirt contains toxins, the rivers are polluted with chemicals and the rain might be acidic!". And they would be right to say so but they never ask "how" and "why". How did all those toxins ended up in the soil, where do all those chemicals in the river come from and how come the rain is sometimes so acidic that it can burn and melt trees and animals? To those that led their entire life in total isolation from reality it may cause shock when they find out that most of the pollutants come from the factories that work to maintain them and their comfortable lifestyle. They will turn their heads in disbelief when they realize that they are afraid from the chemicals and diseases which are funded by their very own hard earned money, my dear civilized folk. Civilized? All of a sudden it does not feel so good to be called civilized, does it? If so then you are on the right path, it means you can see the way, all you have left now is to take the first step in that direction. Good luck.

Harry King: The Unsung Hero of the Industrial Revolution

@karalora Your wish is my command! So for those of you that don’t know the Industrial Revolution is a sort of informal sub-series in Discworld that address the main things that change a (western culture) medieval-type world into a modern-type world: The Truth (the printing press), Going Postal (mail/postal service), Monstrous Regiment (women’s rights), Making Money (paper currency/non-gold standard), and Raising Steam (steam engines).  However there is another technological development without which none of those things would be possible: Sanitation. Harry King “The King of the Golden River” is the founder and owner of a sanitation empire: his men keep the streets clean, remove “human waste” from homes and businesses (so they aren’t simply thrown into the streets) and everything they collect funnels into a comprehensive recycling service and either resold (as recycled paper for toilet paper or cheap writing and printing paper, chemicals for the use of tanners and dyers, or any manner of other products) or are used to create compost which is then resold. Without sanitation a modern city can’t exist, it’s just not a very glamorous story. PTerry knew this and showed us: In The Truth Harry King makes a deal with William to get him the paper he needs to print his paper when the Engraver’s Guild is trying to push them out of business. In Making Money Harry King makes two substantial deposits to the bank, one very publicly and arguably prevents a run on the bank. In Going Postal the dogs used for the postman’s walk come from Harry King’s junkyard. Without Harry King our other heros could have failed and their contributions to the city might never have happened.  Without his empire, Ankh Morpork couldn’t have been a modern city. PTerry showed us even if it’s not the most exciting part, the development of sanitation is the backbone of any industrial revolution.

The duality of the individual in gothic fiction is one of my favorite things. It’s everywhere - and more or less subtle - : Dr Jekyll/Mr Hyde, of course, but also Dorian/his picture, Frankenstein/his monster (don’t tell me the creature’s looks don’t reflect a part of his monstruous personnality), Carmilla/Countess Karnstein, etc.

In my mind, this duality in characters that is more important in the 17th/18th centuries is not a coincidence but the reflect of alienation during the industrial era.  At the time, things were changing quickly with progress in the medical field and the Industrial Revolution - I think that these kinds of brutal changes that create a before and an after (pre-industrial and post-industrial eras) explains the interest in divising a person. In this essay I will -