Please understand that what you’re talking about is the Old Testament and those ancient laws were given to the nation of Israel, not todays Christians. When Jesus died on the cross, He put an end to the Old Testament law. Literally the new laws for Christians today is to “love God with all your heart, soul, and mind and to love your neighbour as yourself”. I don’t see anything wrong with those two things. The purpose of the Old Testament law is to convict people of our inability to keep the law and point us to our need for Jesus. It was never intended by God to be the universal law for all people for all of time. If we love God and love others then we’re upholding all that God requires of us.
God insisted that the nation of Israel be different from the nations around them, they were His “chosen people” to set the example. If you were to compare Numbers 15 and Mark 2, you’d notice a difference in the motivation of the people who are doing the work. The disciples are doing this because they have been doing God’s work and are just hungry. The man in Numbers 15 isn’t described that way. He knew that he was supposed to do all that work the day before. It would be reasonable to assume that he must have had selfish motivations for what we was going. The Sabbath is a day of rest and a day of feasting, if the man makes his own fire he isn’t participating in the community; you don’t have a feast by yourself. So he’s dividing the community, he’s placing himself over God and is therefore making a rival fire; he’s setting himself up as a rival host on the Lord’s feast day. This is a serious crime and that’s why it required death. Does that make sense?
The second thing you mentioned about rape, if you look at Deuteronomy 22:28-29 and Exodus 22:16-17, together these scriptures clearly state that if a man has sex with a virgin who is not betrothed (regardless of whether or not it was rape or consensual) he is obliged to marry her.
He should have asked for her father’s permission first, and taken her as his wife. Because he did not, he is punished for this and now he has to pay up and marry her (which is considered a major punishment).
In those days, the woman’s father is ultimately in authority over her, as her head, until he hands this authority over to her husband. If the man is unsuitable, the father can refuse to give his daughter to him. And how many fathers would give their daughter to a rapist? Not many. So, in general, a rapist would actually have to pay a 50 silver shekel fine to her father, and not get a wife at all ever. NO RAPE VICTIM IS EVER RECORDED AS BEING FORCED TO MARRY A RAPIST.
So Deuteronomy 22:28-29 could be viewed as merciful to the woman, who, because of the rape, would be considered unmarriageable. In that culture, a woman without a husband would have a very difficult time providing for herself. Unmarried women often had no choice but to sell themselves into slavery or prostitution just to survive. This is why the passage leaves marriage to the discretion of the father, because every situation is different, and it is better to be flexible than have a blanket rule.
Also note that the penalty for having sex with an unbetrothed virgin is completely different from the penalty for sex with a married or betrothed woman. Sex with a married or betrothed woman is adultery and was to be punished by the death of both if consensual, or the death of the man if it was rape (Deuteronomy 22:22-27).
Lastly, to say that the Bible is a “myth” is just plain ignorant. You may be entitled to your own opinion, but you aren’t entitled to your own facts. Believing a statement is one thing; that statement being true is another.
Other than internal evidence of the Bible, there is external evidence that no one can deny, to call it a myth is just ridiculous.
- People have found King David’s house at the Tel Dan archaeological dig, just by that merely EXISTING adds weight to the Bible’s truthfulness.
- Most of the cities mentioned from Genesis through to the book of Joshua have been discovered like Ur, Erech, Shechem, Gerar, Pithom, Raamses, Jericho, Bethel, etc. etc.
- Building projects of King Solomon have been discovered near Megiddo and Gezer
- There’s accounts of Sargon II’s captivity of Samarai in 722.
- The tunnel Hezekiah built to bring water into Jerusalem has been found.
- The Annals of Nebuchadnezzar II mention the taking of the city of Judah (Jerusalem)
and so on.
Honestly, study this stuff, don’t just read it, there’s lots more too it. It’s really fascinating!