zoos around the world

You know, a lot of people don’t realize this but….

The animals at the zoo represent so many opportunities for biologists around the world to learn basic information about, well, animals! We get research proposals all the time from researchers, both among our own staff and globally, seeking permission to include the animals in their research. We approve the proposals that are of the greatest scientific value, that have potential to help us even further improve our qualities of animal care, and that are certain to cause no harm of any form to the animals. Recently two papers were published in major academic journals by scientists from regional universities that contribute some fascinating information to the global body of knowledge about animals.

Dr. Bonnie M. Perdue (Department of Psychology, Agnes Scott College) published: Perdue, B.M. 2016. The effect of computerized testing on Sun Bear behavior and enrichment preferences.            Behavioral Sciences 6, 19; doi:10.3390/bs6040019

The field of comparative cognition investigates species’ differences and similarities in cognitive abilities, and sheds light on the evolutionary origins of such capacities. Dr. Perdue realized that, while cognitive studies commonly are conducted with animals such as dogs, elephants, primates, and even giant pandas, many animals have never been studied. So, she applied some standard methods, using an ingenious rugged computerized touchscreen apparatus, to our sun bears. Bears typically use their tongues to explore and manipulate their environment and, she found that the bears actively engaged the touchscreen menus with their tongues.

The screens had dabs of honey on them in the earlier trials, to draw the bears’ attention to these novel objects. Once familiarized with the screens, the bears proceeded to learn to interact with specific color- or shape-targets on the screen in exchange for treats. Soon, the bears were preferring to interact with the computer screens more than any of the other enrichment items available to them. This study discovered a new method by which bears can be studied and showed that the experiments were preferred by the bears who actively involved themselves at every opportunity. This is fascinating stuff!

Alexis Noel (a graduate student in Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech) and her colleagues published: Noel, A.C., Guo, H-Y., Mandica, M., Hu, D.L. 2017 Frogs use a viscoelastic tongue and non-Newtonian saliva to catch prey.           Journal of the Royal Society Interface 14: 20160764.           http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2016.0764

Frogs can capture insects, mice and even birds using only their tongue, with a speed and versatility unmatched in the world of synthetic materials. How can the frog tongue be so sticky? In this multi-faceted study that included some frogs here, used high-speed films of frog feeding to understand the behaviors involved in tongue-feeding. Then they used high-tech measurements and characterizations of frog tongues at Georgia Tech to investigate the structural properties of frog tongues and saliva.

They found that the tongue’s unique stickiness results from a combination of an incredibly soft and stretchable anatomy soft and a saliva that simply does not follow the normal rules of how liquids respond to pressure. The tongue acts like a car’s shock absorber during insect capture, absorbing energy and so preventing separation from the insect. The unique saliva spreads over the insect during impact, grips it firmly to the tongue, and yet it slides off easily once it is back in the mouth. This combination of properties gives the tongue 50 times greater work of adhesion than known synthetic material (such as everyone’s favorite, the sticky-hand toy). These insights offer many new ideas and models for applications in industry and engineering. Yet more proof that frogs are the coolest animals on Earth!
To learn more things people dont realize about zoos here ~>  Zoos Queues

A Pokemon headcanon that I feel should be something more commonplace among the RP community:

As we are all aware… just as there are many different Pokemon across the regions, there are many different animals all over the world in real life.

In real life, there are animals everybody seems to know and recognize, which tend to be popular zoo exhibits or those more commonly found around the world. There are plenty of other animals that—unless you take a particular interest in zoology—many people are unfamiliar with. They may be animals seen before, of which the name is forgotten or never learned, or they may be a completely new discovery for a person.

Now, there are millions of species of animals in real life, more generally categorized still by a staggering amount of taxonomical terms. There is no one person who knows of them all, no matter how studied of a zoologist they are.

There may only currently be 802 species of Pokemon total (not including Mega Evolutions and Alola Forms) which is a very significantly less amount for any person to remember (I mean, very many of us fans are able to name the majority if not all of them easily), but I believe species recognition should work somewhat similarly in the Pokemon world as it does in real life. If a species is rare in a region or isn’t native to a region at all, it would make sense that it could be a person’s first time learning of its existence.

Instead, we lazily seem to just assume all people in the Pokemon world are able to recognize all Pokemon right off the bat. Even if they recognize them, it’s not often they are surprised if it’s not a species they’ve ever seen in person before.

I think that in the roleplaying community, it could spice things up just a smidge if our characters were occasionally surprised by the sight of certain species or uncertain about what to call some species. Reacting to a character’s Pokemon with, “What is THAT thing?” or “Oh, you have one of those giant Water-type Bugs!” could spark some more entertaining dialogue and material to write. It makes it feel more realistic, which I am personally always a fan of doing in my writing!

Roy and Silo: Gay penguins parents

Here is the story of Roy and Silo who are parents from a chick named Tango.

Roy and Silo (born 1987) are Chinstrap Penguins who were a same sex male pair in New York City’s Central Park Zoo. They were noted by staff at the zoo that they were performing mating rituals in 1998, although no actual sexual acts were witnessed, and in 1999 attempted to hatch a rock as if it were an egg. This inspired zoo keepers to give them an egg from another pair of penguins who could not hatch it, resulting in the couple raising a chick which was named Tango.

Tango herself formed a same sex relationship with another female penguin. Roy and Silo drifted apart after several years, and in 2005 Silo paired with a female penguin called Scrappy. Their story has been made into a controversial children’s book and featured in a play. Their relationship has been used as arguments both by American liberals and the Christian right. The practice of allowing same sex penguin couples to adopt eggs has been repeated in other zoos around the world.

anonymous asked:

What would happen if the sf, us, and uf bros couldn't find there kid in the house when they where watching them, and found the kid outside covered in mud, and holding a small frog that they had apparently named Steve? (Just thought it was cute.)

This is cute! 



WHY WOULD YOU NAME A FROG NAME STEVE, WHY NOT CHOSE SOMETHING MORE FITTING LIKE SLIME DOOM MASTER OR COMMANDER OF THE BULL (like bullfrogs). Black goes out and helps them catch more frogs to build their frog army to TAKE OVER THE WORLD MWHAHAHAAHA!!!! But really though, Black and the kid finds three more frogs and named them Nancy, Harold, Harper, and McFroggerton Kermitius Amphibionis Anura Lickface. They all live in the backyard and Black occasionally leaves food out for them. (don’t tell anyone though) 


Rus just chuckles and takes a selfie with his kid and send it to you. Yep, he’s definitely going to be laughing about this 10 years from now. He’s not even mad that his kid wandered off on his own, he encourages them to be curious and explore the world, but he warns them to tell him next time so he’s not a nervous wreck. After giving the kid a bath, Rus will give them their snacks and lets them watch tv. 



Blue is freaking out about the mess, but in the name of adventure and exploration, he lets it slide. He asks his kid where they got the frog, how they named it Steve, and what did they learn from it. This is the perfect opportunity to cultivate the child’s interest for nature and the outdoors so Blue happily takes him out again, maybe into the woods or a reptile zoo so they can learn more about the world around them! 


Stretch is just laughing so hard, tears are spilling out of his eye sockets. He doesn’t care if his kid is dirty, here comes the head nuzzles and the kisses because oh gosh they are just too cute. When it comes to the frog though, he explains that they can’t keep it because its home is in the wild, so he helps them take it back outside and lets it go. After that, it’s bath time.



When he can’t find his kid, Red is seriously freaking out, tearing the house limb from limb until he finds them outside playing in the mud with a frog. At this point he’s fuming and angry at himself, and unfortunately, he takes it out on the kid, screaming at them for making him worry and to go inside and clean up right this instant. Of course, the kid start crying and Red is hit with a massive pang of guilt, but he doesn’t apologize. Later that day though, Red makes it up by renting out the kid’s favorite movie and cuddling with them on the couch. 


Fell is screaming at the mess and is yelling at the kid for being so messy and to go clean up this instant! And put that frog back, it could be carrying diseases! When the kid is in the shower, Fell scrubs away every track of mud until it’s entirely spotless. He doesn’t realize that this was a great learning opportunity and Fell basically discouraged their curiosity and sense of adventure.  


Howletts Zoo park Kent, and this guy wanders around showing the world his splendor. He is a total Diva.

He really struts his stuff like some cat walk model

And yes those feathers brushed me

To give you an idea of how big this Diva is Hubby took a picture of me and Him. Hubby is still convince the damn thing was flirting with me.

(Note to self get a bloody hair cut)

Not sure who’s interested in my feathered friend so tagging the normal suspects.

@anovidelonghi @angryschnauzer @angryschnauzer @abfoster1s @antyc67 @aggro-femme @aliceada @archy3001 @bluegrasscontessa @booksandcatslover @damageditem @dorito82 @echantedbytwh @eve1978 @feelmyroarrrr @heathermc13 @izhunny @lolawashere @larouau12 @lostinspace33 @maevecurrywrites @marveloznerd @mrshiddelston @october-green @oeffsee @ourladybinxthings @peskipixi @prplprincez @tomhiddleston-kikibfairy @quoting-shakespeare-to-ducks @servent-alearika @siyoteodiara @sf0206 @the-haven-of-fiction @the-lady-mischief @tomforachange @tomkurbikston @tinaferraldo @neither-blue-nor-green @nuggsmum @lordjohnandtom @kellarter @frenchblondgirl

Questions from young person and my answers

A friend’s son interviewed me for an assignment. Here are the Qs and As if you want em.

1) Are the animals at your zoo happy that they are being held captive?
2) How well do you know the animals at your zoo?
3) How well do you treat the animals at your zoo?
4) Are there more animals at your zoo that are there to be saved , and not just for entertainment? If so, how many more animals are there to be saved?
5) Does your zoo take care of Panamanian Golden Frogs?

Dear C——,

Thanks for your thoughtful questions! I answered them in between tasks while I was working, so I hope the answers make sense. You chose a couple subjects that I am passionate about, so I was very excited to talk about them. If there are things in my answers that need clarification, please let me know, or feel free to ask follow up questions.

Best of luck with the assignment!

1) It’s not clear that animals can understand the idea of “captivity.” Humans feel very strongly about the concepts of freedom and captivity, to the point that we punish lawbreakers by putting them in captivity. But animals don’t seem to have much ability to think about the future, or to imagine things other than what they are experiencing. What we do at a zoo is to give the animals as many choices as possible—places to go and experiences to have—within the space that we can safely give them. We also have a hard time telling if animals are “happy” or not, since that is also human concept. We try to provide an environment that has everything the animal physically needs in order to be comfortable and healthy, with enough choices so they can demonstrate whether they are suffering stress or not.

2) Some animals I know very well, some not as much. As a quarantine keeper, I take care of almost every animal in the zoo eventually, but only for a limited time, usually 30 days. Other keepers work with a limited group of animals and may work with those animals for many years. Almost every animal at the zoo has a training program, with a keeper whose job it is to work with that animal, understand its behavior, and use positive reinforcement training techniques to get the animal to do certain things willingly. Most of the animals, for example, are trained to go to a specific place and wait there—when an animal can do this willingly, we can weigh it on a regular basis, visually examine its body for injuries or other changes that might indicate a change in its health, and so on. We even have several gorillas who are trained to offer their shoulder so that we can give them a flu vaccine. The zookeepers who train their animals know them very well.

3) We like to think that we treat the animals very well, and that as we learn more about animal husbandry and veterinary medicine, that we are treating them better now than we were just a few years ago. We have access to the latest science about animal nutrition so that the animals can get the best possible types of food available for their health. We have three veterinarians on staff and four veterinary technicians so that if any of the animals gets sick or hurt they can be taken care of right away. The animals all get regular vaccinations and physical examinations. The keepers are very protective of the animals—if they think there is something a little “off” about an animal they will let the vet staff know immediately. We provide “enrichment” for all the animals, which is our way of saying we give them toys and games, but also expose them to interesting smells (the big cats love the smell of sheep’s wool, for example) and sounds. We have an enrichment committee whose job it is to make sure that all of the animals are receiving enrichment which is safe, species-appropriate, and effective. (Enrichment is considered effective if the animal interacts with it in a way that displays normal behavior—playing outside is good enrichment for human children because it causes the children to climb and play and throw and dig and all the other normal human child behaviors).

4) When I think of animals at the zoo being there for “entertainment,” it makes me wonder if people think that the exhibits in a science museum are entertaining, or if visitors to an arboretum think the trees are entertaining. Zoos are science museums that exhibit animals and animal behavior—and it’s true, animals and animal behavior can be entertaining. Everyone finds monkeys and tigers entertaining, but what about the frogs, or songbirds, or insects? We want all of the exhibits to be interesting, we want people to want to experience the zoo in a positive way.

Back in the bad old days zoos would allow guests to throw things at the animals, or feed them unhealthy things. We do not allow any kind of “entertainment” that is detrimental to the animals. We allow guests to interact with some animals, like petting the goats or feeding the parakeets or walking among the butterflies—each of these activities is carefully monitored so that the guests can have a good time without doing anything that could harm the animals.

Many of the animals at the zoo belong to species that are endangered, some very endangered. Gorillas, pygmy hippos, and mandrills are all animals from parts of Africa where habitat is disappearing and it wouldn’t be safe to release more animals into the habitat. All of the zoos in North America work carefully with one another to exchange animals when necessary to make sure that the zoo population is stable and that no more endangered animals will be taken from the wild to replace them.

You probably know that zoos are responsible for rescuing certain species of animals from extinction, like the black-footed ferret, the California condor, the golden lion tamarin, and recently the Lord Howe stick insect. The zoo I work for has brought Siberian crane eggs (laid by our birds) to be raised in Russia, preserved vital DNA and gametes (reproductive cells) from Mexican gray wolves, we helped save Bali mynahs (a kind of bird) from disappearing completely into the pet trade, and we help out with Blanding’s turtle recovery efforts here in Massachusetts. None of the animals we keep are there just so they can be released to the wild, but it’s something that could happen in the future. Because zoos hire and train people who are experts at caring for, training, breeding, and providing health care for animals, zoos are the logical places for these recovery efforts to be located.

There are thousands of species of animals that are in need of protection and recovery. Zoos are one piece of it, along with protecting habitat, conserving resources (recycling!), and changing the way that we treat animals and their environments around the world.

5) At the moment we don’t have any Panamanian golden frogs, but we have cared for them here. I’m super glad you brought them up because they are part of one of the most amazing projects I’ve been involved with at the zoo. My boss, the head veterinarian here, was on a team of researchers who joined scientists in Panama to study the impact of the fungal disease that is killing so many species of frogs. They determined that the problem was severe, even worse than they expected, and if no one did anything the Panamanian golden frog and dozens of other frog species would be wiped out. They created a project called the Amphibian ARK, like Noah’s Ark, to rescue the frogs. They are keeping the frogs in disease-free quarantine spaces, in Panama but also in zoos all around the world. If they hadn’t acted fast these frogs would just be gone. The frogs are being bred and protected, at the same time that the disease is being studied. It’s pretty complicated stuff that I don’t fully understand, but I think some of the effort will be to breed and release many thousands of tadpoles—there will likely be some that are more resistant to the disease, and they will pass their genes on to the next generation.

A few years ago I was privileged to take care of 15 Panamanian golden frogs in the zoo hospital where I worked. It was amazing to think that I was working with an animal species that had completely disappeared from the wild, and that I was one of a handful of people who had ever seen one. Of course, once they were put on exhibit, then hundreds of people could see them, and learn the story. Someone will be inspired by the experience to figure out what we need to do to keep the frogs from going extinct, and then they will be wild, and we will have prevented extinction.


* Berlin has more bridges than Venice/Italy - between 1400 and 1700, depending on who you ask (Venice only has 409). There are over 180 km of navigable waterways.

* Berlin is the only city in the world with 3 active opera houses: the Staatsoper, the Deutsche Oper, and the Komische Oper. Opera lovers are treated to events with many of the world’s best singers, conductors, and musicians taking to the stage. If you’re under the age of 30, try the evening box office where you can pick up any unsold tickets for around 10€!

* Parks, lakes, and forests comprise around 1/3 of Berlin’s total area, so many “nature” activities such as kayaking, cycling, and hiking can be done within the urban area. 

* Berlin’s Zoologischer Garten’s zoo and aquarium gets about 3 million visitors a year. It’s considered to be the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. Regular animal feedings are among its attractions. There are 19,000 animals of 1,500 different species. The zoo collaborates with universities, research institutes, and zoos around the world. It maintains and promotes breeding programs, helps safeguard endangered species, and participates in species reintroduction programs.

* Berlin is also home to the largest department store in continental Europe. The Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe) has over 60,000 sqm of display space on 8 floors. If you like gourmet foods, visit the 6th and 7th floor - they’re entirely devoted to food, adding up to the size of 2 football fields. The 6th floor “Delicatessen” is famous for its wide variety of foods and beverages. There are 110 cooks and 40 bakers and confectioners supplying 30 gourmet counters. The 7th floor includes a winter garden with a 1000-seat restaurant surrounded by an all-windowed wall offering a view over the Wittenbergplatz.

* The Berlin Wall (1961-1989) was 155 km long; it was guarded by 302 manned watchtowers. In the communist/socialist East, it was named ‘Antifaschistischer Schutzwall’ (anti-fascist protection wall), implying that it was erected to protect the East Germans against capitalist West Germany. In reality, its purpose was to stop the flood of East Germans trying to escape to the West by locking them in as prescribed by the Russian/USSR communist occupiers. Prior to 1961, 3.5 million East Germans had left, totaling about 20% of the population.

* Today, about 30% of Berlin’s population of 3 million have some kind of migrant background. About 13% are foreign nationals. As the capital, Berlin has a long history of migration, going back to 1685 when the city welcomed many protestant refugees from France, known as Huguenots. The Neukölln district has one of the largest Turkish communities in Germany.

According to Chinese legend, when the tyrant King Zhou of Shang ruled the land more than 4,000 years ago, a horse, a donkey, an ox and a deer went into a cave deep in the forest to meditate and on the day the King executed his virtuous minister Bigan, the animals awoke from their meditation and turned into humans. They entered society, learned of the King’s heinous acts and wanted to take recourse against the King, who was powerful. So they transformed themselves into one creature that combined the speed of the horse, the strength of the ox, the donkey’s keen sense of direction and the nimble agility of the deer. This new animal then galloped to the Kunlun Mountains to seek the advice of the Primeval Lord of Heaven. The Lord was astonished at the sight of a creature that had antlers of a deer, hooves of an ox, face of deer and tail of a donkey. “It’s unlike any of four creatures!” he exclaimed. Upon learning of the animal’s quest, Lord gave his blessing and dispatched the creature to his disciple the sage Jiang Ziya, who was battling the King. Jiang Ziya rode the creature to victory over the King and helped found the Zhou Dynasty. After fulfilling its vow, the milu settled in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The animal became a symbol of good fortune and was sought by later emperors who believed eating the meat of the milu would lead to everlasting life. By the Han Dynasty, about 2,000 years ago, the milu was already extinct in the wild, but kept in imperial hunting grounds.

Père David’s deer, also known as the Milu, is a semi-aquatic species of deer that is native to China.  It is extinct in the wild, and can only be found in captivity.

In the late 19th century, the world’s only herd belonged to Tongzhi, the Emperor of China. The herd was maintained in the Nanyuang Royal Hunting Garden in Nan Haizi, near Peking. In 1895, one of the walls of the hunting garden was destroyed by a heavy flood of the Yongding River, and most of the animals escaped and were killed and eaten by starving peasants. Fewer than thirty Père David’s Deer remained in the garden. Then in 1900, during the Boxer Rebellion, the garden was occupied by troops and the remaining deer were shot and eaten, leaving the animal extinct in its native China.

A few of the deer had previously been illegally transported to Europe for exhibition and breeding. After the extirpation of the Chinese population in 1900, Herbrand Russell, 11th Duke of Bedford, was instrumental in saving the species. He acquired the few remaining animals from European zoos and nurtured a herd at Woburn Abbey. Threatened again by both World Wars, the species survived largely due to the efforts of Bedford and his son Hastings, later 12th Duke of Bedford. The current world population, now found in zoos around the world, stems from the Woburn Abbey herd.

When the species was assessed for the IUCN Red List (1996), it was classified as “critically endangered” in the wild, under criterion “D”: “[wild] population estimated to number less than 50 mature individuals”. Since October 2008, they have been listed as extinct in the wild, as all populations are under captive management. In spite of the small population size, the animals do not appear to suffer genetic problems from the genetic bottleneck. The captive population in China has increased in recent years, and the possibility remains that free-ranging populations can be reintroduced in the near future.

Arturo, the worlds saddest polar bear has died. He was almost 31 years old and had spent over 20 years of his life suffering in a bleak, concrete, enclosure often in the sweltering heat at the Mendoza zoo in Argentina. People called him the worlds saddest polar bear because of the years he spent suffering alone in the Argentinean heat.

Sadness and suffering remain in the zoos, aquariums and animal enclosures around the world. These places deny animals the chance to act upon their natural instincts. It is impossible for animals to live a normal or happy life in these places. It is selfish, cruel and unnatural to pluck these animals from their environments and make them suffer for our enjoyment.

Please honour this Polar bears heart breaking death by refusing to give a penny towards any business which puts animals on display for human entertainment.

Roy and Silo: Gay penguins parents

here is the story of Roy and Silo who are parents from a chick named Tango.

Roy and Silo (born 1987) are Chinstrap Penguins who were a same sex male pair in New York City’s Central Park Zoo. They were noted by staff at the zoo that they were performing mating rituals in 1998, although no actual sexual acts were witnessed, and in 1999 attempted to hatch a rock as if it were an egg. This inspired zoo keepers to give them an egg from another pair of penguins who could not hatch it, resulting in the couple raising a chick which was named Tango.

Tango herself formed a same sex relationship with another female penguin. Roy and Silo drifted apart after several years, and in 2005 Silo paired with a female penguin called Scrappy. Their story has been made into a controversial children’s book and featured in a play. Their relationship has been used as arguments both by American liberals and the Christian right. The practice of allowing same sex penguin couples to adopt eggs has been repeated in other zoos around the world.

Repashy Grub Pie?

Reptiblr, I require your aid!

Have any of you heard of Repashy Grub Pie, or have any opinions on/experience with it?

Animals on Youtube seem to really love it when it’s presented to them, and the ingredients look good, at least to me.

Here’s the writeup on it, taken from Northern Gecko:

“It is with great excitement and anticipation that Repashy launches “Grub Pie”, a new product in the Repashy line of gel food premixes. Repashy Grub Pie is a dietary formula designed for insect-eating animals of all kinds. We believe that this revolutionary commercial diet will prove to be a “game changer” in the way we raise, breed, and keep reptiles, amphibians, and other insect-eating species.

Repashy Grub Pie features over 75% cold-pressed Black Soldier Fly Larvae Meal (BSFL) with a smell and flavor that incites an almost instinctual feeding response from all kinds of insect-eating animals. Even species that require moving prey and show little interest in freeze-dried insects or pelleted foods currently on the market, have been irresistibly attracted to the smell and taste of RepashyGrub Pie on the first offering. Some individuals of certain species may require “teasing” or training in the first instance to achieve a feeding response and get them to recognize it as a food source.  Bearded dragons, leopard geckos, all skinks, fat tail geckos, dwarf monitors, day geckos, giant geckos, turtles of all kinds, and aquatic amphibians typically find Repashy Grub Pie irresistible. You can see a compilation of user-submitted videos on our Repashy Grub Pie YouTube Playlist .

Our BSFL Meal was first introduced in ourRepashy Grubs ‘N’ Fruit gecko diet in 2013 and we had been waiting for our production capacity to increase enough to introduce it into other new formulas. Although we have known the value of insect meals since we started developing exotic animal diets in 1995, we were limited by the availability of a reliable US source of high-grade insects; insects raised under stringent conditions to assure they are of best quality. Insect meal from foreign sources, such as China, did not meet our quality control standards. After much effort to establish a new locally-raised supply of insects, we can now state that our BSFL are raised on feed of our specification, right here in the USA, allowing us to offer the highest quality, insect-based diets in the pet market.

Nutritionally speaking, Repashy Grub Pieconsists of nearly 80% cold-pressed black soldier fly larvae. Cold-pressing removes about half the fat content without the high temperatures and chemical exposure of other processes that can denature proteins and degrade nutrients. This process lowers the fat content of soldier fly larvae to a more ideal 12%, which in turn increases the protein values to over 55%. The meal also contains a nearly perfect 2:1 calcium to phosphorous ratio. It takes over 1,000 BSFL to make one ounce of Repashy Grub Pie, and one kilo ofRepashy Grub Pie contains 35,000 BSFL, whichhas a superior nutritional density than 50,000 mealworms!

Repashy Grub Pie has been formulated to be a complete diet, replacing the need for live insects in the diet of omnivores and insectivores. Many insectivores in captivity are raised on a single food source of either crickets, or mealworms (i.e. leopard geckos). While it has been proven that an exclusive diet of supplemented mealworms provides all the necessary nutrition for good health and breeding, we currently recommend thatRepashy Grub Pie be fed as part of a balanced diet and not exclusively.

Although we have been doing extensive trials over the last two years with great success (even when fed exclusively), it will take more time and research to assert with 100% confidence thatRepashy Grub Pie provides a complete diet for insectivores, as an exclusive food source.  With further internal trials, and the feedback of Zoos and advanced breeders/hobbyists around the world, we expect that we will soon be able to make this claim with confidence.  

We truly believe that Repashy Grub Pie is a revolutionary product that will change the way a wide range of insect-eating animals, such as reptiles and amphibians are kept and fed in the future.  Repashy Grub Pie can be fed as a slurry, paste, or a gel.  It can also be mixed into existing gecko diets, or be used as a Gravy / Topper on dry kibble diets. Not only is it suitable for Reptiles and Amphibians, but also a great diet for Insectivorous Mammals and Fish, which will soon have their own labeled version. The gel base also allows for the introduction of medications when treatment for parasites or other health problems are required.

Cheers, Allen Repashy

INGREDIENTS: Insect Meal, Dried Seaweed Meal, Coconut Meal, Ground Flaxseed, Stabilized Rice Bran, Dried Brewers Yeast, Lecithin, Dried Kelp, Locust Bean Gum, Calcium Carbonate, Potassium Citrate, Salt, Taurine, Watermelon, RoseHips, Hibiscus Flower, Calendula Flower, Marigold Flower, Paprika, Turmeric, Salt, Calcium Propionate and Potassium Sorbate (as preservatives), Magnesium Amino Acid Chelate, Zinc Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Manganese Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Copper Methionine Hydroxy Analogue Chelate, Selenium Yeast. Vitamins: (Vitamin A Supplement, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Choline Chloride, L-Ascorbyl-Polyphosphate, Vitamin E Supplement, Niacin, Beta Carotene, Pantothenic Acid, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine Hydrochloride, Thiamine Mononitrate, Folic Acid, Biotin, Vitamin B-12 Supplement, Menadione Sodium Bisulfite Complex).

 Guaranteed Analysis: Crude Protein min. 40%, Crude Fat min. 12%, Crude Fiber max. 15%, Moisture max. 10%, Ash max. 12%, Calcium min. 1.5%.

 DIRECTIONS: Bring water to a boil on stove, in microwave or kettle. Pour boiling water into a bowl and immediately stir in powder (1 part powder to 2-3 parts water). Let cool or immediately pour into mold. Gel will set at room temperature. Cut into pieces or long strips for feeding. Once made, gel should be treated as fresh food and can be sealed and stored in refrigerator for up to two weeks, or  freezer for up to six months.

Made in USA.

Refrigeration will extend freshness


Thanks for any info you can give! :)


Devoted mum elephant spends 11 hours digging her baby out of a well (Chatra, India - March 29, 2015)

justin--believes  asked:

Seaworld had the chance to defend themselves multiple times when it comes to this movie. Why haven't they done so? Because they want you to believe every little thing they say about they're care for these animals. Why is Tilikum in a little bitty tiny tank?? When he runs free 100 even thousands of miles a day! People have seen tilly in a little tank going in circles. Why do you think people are talking about blackfish? Because it's REAL

Just take a moment and read this, its from someone who used to work at sea world

 I’ve been asked often and recently about my opinions towards this “amazing documentary” that “just came out” on Netflix called “Blackfish”. Having worked for SeaWorld for a few years, people are always curious as to what my opinion is. 

“Julie, have you seen it? What do you think?" 

Yes. I have seen it, multiple times. My opinion of it is this: I completely respect and agree with the underlining message- whales do not belong in captivity… but neither does any other animal (more on that later). I do, however, find the movie’s portrayal of SeaWorld to be horribly offensive and misleading. SeaWorld is not a monster.

"But Julie, SeaWorld uses animals for entertainment purposes, isnt this wrong?”

Thank you, PETA. Yes, SeaWorld is an entertainent based industry. People all over the world come to see these marvelous animals up close, eat a churro, and then ride the latest roller coaster. 

But before you go all animal activist on me, think about what your saying. Have you ever been to a zoo? Aquarium? Pet store? All of these animals were placed there to entertain, excuse me, educate you. And they dont quite do it to SeaWorld’s standards (Ill get to this later).

“But Julie, SeaWorld took these whales out of their natural environment”. 

False. The majority of the whales at SeaWorld were born in the park. Yes, a few were captured more than 35 years ago, but that is how animals were acquired those days.

And frankly, where do you think the animals at your favorite zoo came from? Contrary to popular belief, these animals are not usually “rescues”. 

And to be even more frank, how many of you have a home aquarium??? Where do you think these fish came from? That’s right. They’re captured from their native environment, oftentimes shocked, meanstwhile depleting coral reefs in hopes that these stressed fish might make it to your aquarium, where, lets face it, they usually die.

“But Julie, the tanks the whales are in are like bathtubs" 

Ugh. This one gets to me the most. At least use your own wording! Yes, the exhibits the whales are in are no where close to being the size of the ocean. But they are VASTLY larger than the size of most animal enclosures. True, these animals can swim hundreds of miles a day…. but think about other enclosures. Elephants can walk up to 40 miles a day and yet I rarely see an enclosure larger than 2000 ft. 

And bird cages? Fish tanks? Why is it that no one is offended by any of this?! It’s okay to put a goldfish in a bowl but not okay to have whales in a 60 million gallon environment? An enclosure that SeaWorld has spent over 70 million dollars to improve? 

"But Julie, these animals are forced to perform shows. They’re slaves.”

Inaccurate. The whales at SeaWorld are never forced to do shows. They get an alloted amount of restaurant quality food based off of their fitness level, size, and metabolism. And they are fed regardless of if they do a show. 

“But Julie, it’s cruel to force these animals to do "tricks”. 

These “tricks” are actually positively reinforced behaviors that the whales have learned through positive interactions and operant conditioning. Studies have shown that learned behaviors like this actually increase an animals mental health prolonging their fitness and increasing quality of life.

“But whales dont do flips in the wild" 

….and your dog doesnt naturally give you his paw when he wants a treat, but he is capable. Training behaviors like this, once again, encourages mental and physical growth. If the whales were incapable, they wouldnt do it. 

"Cant they just stop making the whales do shows?" 

Sure, but there is no positive reprocussion to that. Without enrichment, whales would resort to common boredom behaviors seen in zoos and institutions around the world. Plus, the interations the whales have with the trainers is a form of bonding for the whales. If they suddenly discontinued, the whales would display depression behaviors. I dont know about you, but I am highly against intentional depression.

"Cant you release them? They’ll be happier”

Look up the story of Keiko, the whale from “Free Willy.” That’s what happens when you release a captive killer whale. They are not equipped to live in the open ocean environment anymore. 

“Okay, what about a seapen then? Its bigger and the whales would be interact with their natural environment”

These whales currently thrive in multi-sourced continually filtered water environment. These means they are never exposed to pathogens, parasites, or heavily contaminated water. Putting them in a sea pen would expose them to a variety of potentially killer organisms. Not only that but they would be exposed to countless amounts of new sights, sounds, and vibrantions, causing an immense amount of stress. 

“But Julie, there is absolutely no benefit to having these poor creatures at SeaWorld." 

SeaWorld has impacted the lives of over 400 million visitors over the timespan they’ve been in business. That is 400 million people that have been affected by the beauty of not only the killer whales, but of over 6000 species of animals they would not come in contact with on a normal basis. 

"SeaWorld is not educational”. 

Excuse me? The top leading research done on both killer whales and other cetaceans comes from SeaWorld sponsored research. Most of what we know today about these animals has been learned from animals in captivity.

“Cant we learn simply by observing them in the wild?" 

Theoretically, sure. But any scientist (or grad student) will tell you how difficult it is to study animals in the wild. You can sit and observe 24 hours a day and only witness about 15 minutes of usable data. 

And good luck funding that research. It’s an unfortunate fact that people do not support things that do not benefit them directly. SeaWorld contributes millions upon millions of dollars to variety of conservation programs in the wild, including the Marine Mammal protecion act and Sea Turtle conservation. Finding funding from a private, independent source is unlikely and unreliable. 

"Okay… well… umm… what about the dorsal fin thing?" 

Dorsal fins are made out of cartilage, a flexible structure that makes up your nose and ears. The size of the dorsal fin is cause by a multitude of things, including genetics. Many of our whales come from a similar bloodline (not crossbred) and therefore have larger dorsal fins. 

Although not common in the wild, a whale’s dorsal fin, especially larger ones, may bend. This may be an effect from more surface exposure combined by genetics. There have been no indications that this affects the animals well-being in any way. It’s a fact of life. Sometimes we get droopy body parts too….

"Why can’t SeaWorld just go to be all educational? Obviously people would respect it more.”

Nature Centers and educational facilities are amazing ideas and do many great things. Unfortunately, not many people go out of their way to visit them and they can go out of business (Chula Vista Nature Center…anyone?). People, unfortunately, are selfish beings. They want to be entertained, not lectured. So although the conservation message is taught at many of these amazing facilities, they are not affecting as many people as you would think.

SeaWorld’s message is this: to celebrate, connect, and care for the natural world we share through the power of entertainment. People come into the parks with an expectation and leave with an appreciation of marine life they’ve never had before. I cannot begin to tell you how many kids Ive heard say that Shamu changed their life. That they want to stop polluting the ocean. That they want to save the sea turtles. SeaWorld is a memory that they will have forever and oftentimes changes their entire outlook on life.

So, before you boycott SeaWorld, realize that you’re not boycotting the evil corporation “Blackfish” makes it out to be. You’re boycotting Bruce, the 80 year old sea turtle who was rescued not only once, but twice after being shot in the head and left for dead by people who didn’t care. You’re boycotting Iris, the rescued seal who was found stranded and blind and then rereleased, able to see again. You’re boycotting the 650 juvenille sea lions rehabilitated and taught to eat after they were stranded on the Pacific Coast. You’re boycotting the baby emperor pengiuns, just hatched, ensuring the future families of penguins to come. You’re boycotting the hundreds of dogs adopted from shelters thanks to Pets Rule. You’re boycotting the group of high schoolers collecting trash off the shoreline after talking to the veterinary department behind the scenes and seeing the effects of trash in our ocean. 

If you need a summary of what SeaWorld is today, I ask you to look at me as a reflection. To look at the 1500 zoological team members that provide the upmost care to these animals. SeaWorld is one of the worlds most respected zoological facilities, setting the bar for husbandry standards today. We are SeaWorld. We are the people who cant drive by a lost dog on the street. We’re the people who stay awake overnight, waist deep in frigid water carrying a stranded dolphin that wasn’t strong enough to swim. We’re the ones that cry the moment a sea turtle swims off into the ocean water after being hit by a boat. We are the ones whose heart rate accelerates the moment a mother gives birth to a beautiful calf. We’re the ones whose muscles ache after scrubbing oil off of birds trapped after a spill. We’re the ones hand feeding that abandonded baby otter in the wee hours of the night. 

So once again, don’t believe everything you see and don’t assume you know everything because a “documentary” tells you so. Educate yourself. SeaWorld is not the enemy, there are bigger evils in the world. We do not go out of our way to torture and “enslave” animals. We love and know more about those animals than “Blackfish” would ever care to let you know. It is because of SeaWorld, and places like them, thst you even care about these animals in the first place. I am very proud to be a part of the SeaWorld family and always will be.


His Laziness, sleepy panda Li Li – This picture taken on January 1, 2013 shows giant panda “Li Li” sleeping on a tree in Hangzhou Wild Animal World in Hangzhou, east China’s Zhejiang province. Giant pandas, notorious for their low sex drive, are among the world’s most endangered animals. Fewer than 1,600 pandas remain in the wild, mainly in China’s Sichuan province, with a further 300 in captivity around the world. (STR/AFP/Getty Images)