zigane

A few things:

01. Gypsy is a slur & there is no “positive” or “acceptable” way of using it if you aren’t Romani (or part of a group related to Romani that has been targeted by the slur too). Some Romani might not find it offensive but still it should not be part of your vocabulary – the same goes for the term “gypped”. If you want to talk about the slur censor it or simply call it “the g slur.”

02. Anti Romani racism exists everywhere and there is a slur for the us in every language. Gypsy is the slur used in the English language but there is also Zigan, Tigan, Cigan, Gitano, Zigeuner, etc. - a lot of them stem from the Greek word for “slave” and are considered even worse than the Gypsy slur. However all of them are still slurs.

03. Gypsy is nothing but a derogatory slur against Romani that has been screamed at us while we have been branded, enslaved, hunted down, murdered, put through a genocide and a holocaust, segregated and discriminated against. It doesn’t meant “free-spirited”, it doesn’t mean “wanderer” or anything along those lines either.

04. Romani is the proper name of the people that are being targeted by the G slur. Some people write it as Rromani which is also correct. (But there are a few groups that are part of the Romani Diaspora that don’t identify as Romani.) The term Roma/Rroma can be used too, however not all Romani are Roma.

05. Romani and Romanian do not mean the same thing. Romani are brown people originally from India. Romanians are people from the European country Romania.

06. The official term for racism directed towards Romani is called “Antiziganism”, that term however is offensive since it includes the word “Zigan” which is a horrible slur against Romani. Please do not use that term and instead use “Anti-Romani racism”, “Anti-Romanism”, etc.

07. Anti-Romani racism is very extreme in Europe (segregation in housing, education and health care, forced sterilizations, evictions, demolition of Romani neighbourhoods, police brutality, etc), which is why we even received the title of “Europe’s Most Hated”, but it’s not an exclusively European thing. Anti-Romani racism exists in America and Canada as well. (Canada even has an immigration ban on Romani.)

08. “My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding” does not display actual Romani people as far as I have heard so it does not represent Romani people/culture at all.

09. Your believes that Romani “don’t want to work”, “don’t want to send their children to school”, “steal children”, “are dirty”, “genetically prone to crime”, “are lazy”, etc. are nothing but racist stereotypes and left over Nazi propaganda. All of them are untrue as well. (Also: Romani would love to work and go to school but the extreme discrimination against us in the field of education makes that very hard. And the widely spread traditional anti-Romani attitudes and prejudices don’t make it any easier either.)

10. Stereotypes such as that all Romani women are “sexual temptresses” and promiscuous disregarding of age are obviously incorrect too. Believing in those stereotypes is very harmful and dangerous as well because despite Romani being only a minority in most European countries we make up the highest % when it comes to sex trafficking victims.

11. Romani culture doesn’t have anything to do with witchcraft, wicca, paganism, etc. We didn’t create tarot, palm reading or crystal balls either. You can stop calling yourself a “Gypsy Witch” and faking Romani heritage now. The only reason why assumptions like that came to exist is because of racist believes and lies spread by the church. Our skills with medical herbs and palm reading were seen as “evidence of heresy” and from the 16th century onward we were outlawed, expelled and persecuted, culminating in the organized killing of our people. 

12. Fortune teller costumes are usually racist. Romani women have always been stereotyped as fortune tellers which is why the stereotypical image of a fortune teller is always linked with Romani women - dark skin, messy black hair, a big nose, a “weird” accent, a headscarf, big hoop earrings, gold coins added to clothes and an “untrustworthy/deceiving” nature, etc. Personally, I’ve never seen a fortune teller costume that wasn’t racist. (A lot of people even use the term “fortune teller” like a synonym for the G slur nowadays.) A person’s race/ethnicity is not a costume, so if you ever consider dressing up as a fortune teller chose something different. 

Of course I don’t speak for all Romani. This is more of a “faq” actually since these are the types of questions and incorrect assumptions I have noticed the most. If you are Romani too please correct me if I made any mistakes and please feel free to add anything onto this list if you like!

hey ok, i don’t know who told you about the word “antiziganist”, if it was a Rroma person then you can ignore this, but just so you know, the word “zigan” in my language (Romanian - “ţigan”, pronounced sorta like the ts in tsar) has been deemed by Romanian Rroma ethnics as a slur and unusable by white ppl. If an actual Rroma person said the word is ok, sure, i can understand, they’re obviously much better informed than me (i’m white romanian), but i just thought I’d throw this your way 

Main Mod (callingoutbigotry) here

I don’t remember where I heard it, I read it on Tumblr somewhere. I had no idea about this. I really should have looked into it and done my research before using it. This is all my fault and I’m so sorry to anyone I hurt. Thank you for informing me. I’ll stop using it and go back to delete it from old posts.

“Anti-ziganism” being the official term for Anti Romani Racism is so heartbreaking. “Zigan” is a slur and just means “Gypsy” in another language and the fact that even when talking about racism against us Romani we are STILL addressed by that slur is beyond me. Please stop using the term “Antiziganism” or “Antigypsyism” and instead just use “Anti-Romani racism”, “Anti-Romanism” or “Anti-Romani semitism"

youtube

@useless-germanyfacts

i just like how some people in our stupid european union are still on the right track, including this wannabe rammstein music video

Rassismus: Was ist Antiziganismus?

Der Begriff Antiziganismus leitet sich aus dem französischen Antitsiganisme ab. Zigan wäre demnach das deutschsprachige Äquivalent zu tsigane, das genaugenommen mit “Zigeuner” zu übersetzen wäre. Der Suffix “-mus” bezeichnet häufig Ideologien oder Weltanschauungen. Antiziganismus wäre also als “Anti-Zigeuner-Ideologie” oder auch “Gegen-Zigeuner-gerichtete-Ideologie” zu übersetzen. “Zigeuner” aber gibt es nicht, nur Menschen, die als solche erfunden wurden - allen voran Sinti und Roma, aber auch Manusch und Kale. […]

Das “Zi.”-Wort - “Zi.” statt “Z”, weil diese Menschen unter den Nazis mit einem “Z” gekennzeichnet wurden - stellt keine Eigenbezeichnung dar und trägt weder linguistisch, kulturell, religiös noch geographisch dazu bei, menschliche Gesellschaften sinnvoll zu klassifizieren. Indem der Begriff “Antiziganismus” dieses rassistische Wort in sein Zentrum, suggeriert er, dass es diese Menschen überhaupt gäbe. Tatsächlich handelt es sich nicht um eine beliebige, sondern eine rassistische Feindseligkeit, die sich im Verbund mit exotisierenden Konstruktionen historisch entwickelte. Angebliche körperliche Merkmale wurden kulturell, mental und religiös bedeutungsvoll aufgeladen und schließlich als rassistisches Paket verabsolutierend den so konstruierten Menschen zugeschrieben. Im Kern ging es darum, “Zi.” einen Mangel an “Zivilisiertheit”, Kultur und Vernunft zu attestieren, der mit einem Übermaß an Emotionalität einhergehe und sie der “weißen Rass” unterlegen mache. Sie hätten eine Begabung für Musik, die aber nur intuitiv veranlagt sei, weswegen sie nicht über Straßenmusik und Schaustellerei hinauskämen. […] Kulturell mangele es ihnen überdies an Sesshaftigkeit, verbunden mit der Unfähigkeit, ein bürgerliches Leben zu führen und einer produktiven Arbeit nachzugehen, die zum Gemeinwohl beiträgt. Mental münde dieser Müßiggang wiederum in eine selbst verschuldete Armut und in notorisch angelegte kriminelle Handlungen. 

Diese rassistischen Mythen faszinieren seit jeher weiße europäische Imaginationen in Kunst, Musik und Literatur, wobei sie zugleich in Theologie, Natur-, Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaft befördert wurden. Hinzu kommt, dass Kriminologie und Politik mit diesen Konstruktionen arbeiten und im Zusammenspiel mit dem wissenschaftlichen Rassismus “Zi.” als “Rasse von Verbrechern” (Cesare Lombroso) konstruierten, bei der sich eine rassisch bedingte Asozialität nachweisen lasse. Staatlich sanktionierte Landesverweise, Folterungen, Ermordungen und Verschleppungen waren die Folge. […]

Es ist möglich, diesen Rassismus als Antiziganismus zu beschreiben. Es geht aber nicht allein um Feindseligkeit noch gibt es überhaupt “Zi.”. Deshalb wird alternativ von “ziganistischem Rassimus” gesprochen, um deutlich zu machen, dass schon der “Zi.” eine diskriminierende Erfindung darstellt.


Quelle:

  • Susan Arndt: Die 101 wichtigsten Fragen. Rassimus. 2012

theparadigmshifts  asked:

Hey guys - thank you all so much for the work you do on this blog, first off. This is for Tasbeeh - the story I'm working on right now is set in another universe, and I'm trying to come up with a new name for the Rromani-like group of people that doesn't stem from an offensive mistranslation/slur. I'd been using "Zigani," but I found out from my German friend that the root of that word is also - surprise - terrible. Do you have any thoughts on a better name? Thank you!

Hi!

If you’re creating a fictional world with a Romani-inspired (?) group of people, I would say you can make up whatever name you want. As you mentioned, “zigan” is derived from an extremely offensive word used to refer to Romani people. Also avoid anything sounding like the following slurs: tigan, tzigeuner, gitan, zingara, cigany, etc. I would also avoid using non-offensive terms that already exist, such as subgroup names (e.g. Kalderash, Lovari, etc.) or even any form of “Romani”. 

You also need to be extremely careful even when writing a fictional culture, as it is based on a real one and will most likely be recognized by many readers as being inspired by or based on Romani cultures. This means you should avoid any stereotypes such as stealing, fortune-telling, being especially promiscuous, musically-talented (this is a huge stereotype but it is one of the least harmful so idk) or conniving, stealing children, or being extremely poor. As one of my professors used to say, “When in doubt, leave it out.” (If you think something might be a stereotype, it probably is, but you can always message me or another willing Romani person to make sure.)

Hope this helps!!

-Mod Tasbeeh

can you all stop using the term “ anti-ziganist” please? Some roma people find the word “zigan” a slur. Just use “anti romani” or “anti romanysm” please when you’re talking about the “only” video.

I understand that Nicki Minaj probably didn’t have anything to do with making that lyric video, it was probably the label, blah blah blah, but honestly like she is at the point in her career where she has the power to look over this shit and be like “nah that’s anti-semitic and anti-ziganist as fuck let’s not” and she didn’t and also she collaborated with Chris Brown on that song (which I’m not hearing a lot of criticism about? like the man is a domestic abuser? we all remember this right?) so like

I get that people really love Nicki and want to absolve her but watching white non-Jewish, non-Romani people trip all over themselves because the one token rapper and Black celebrity they like did something really fucked up is like… okay guys just admit that it’s fucked up, u can do it