zhang zuolin

Manchuria is an area of land that was bitterly fought over by Japan and China. In 1931 Japan invaded the land following the assassination of warlord Zhang Zuolin. This exposed the weakness of the League of Nations, who did nothing, especially because Britain was worried of a Japanese attack on the largely important Singapore. During this time, Manchuria was re-named Manchukuo. 

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Soldiers of Zhang Zuolin’s Anguojun warlord alliance pose for the camera with their Maxim and Hotchkiss/Japanese machine guns during the fighting against the Kuomintang, March 1927.