Hi everyone, I hope you don’t mind another post about figure skating.
Today I talk about competitive programs and exhibition programs in figure skating. Please NOTE that I am talking about single skaters at senior level.
1) The modern figure skating competitions have 2 phases: “short program” and the “free skate” or “long program”
Figure skating competitions used to consist of compulsory figure round in which skaters technically draw patterns or figures on the ice. This is where the name “figure skating” came from. By late 90s, compulsory figure round was abolished from major competitive events.
2) A short program is limited to around 2.5 minutes. Skaters are required to execute 7 elements.
a) 3 jump passes, including
One Axel jump, below is a triple Axel
One solo jump preceded by connecting steps, below is a quad Toe loop
One jump combination, below is a quad Toe loop and triple Toe-loop.
b) 3 spins
One spin with flying entry:
One camel spin or sit spin
One spin combination
c) 1 step sequence which It is a sequence of steps or moves in the field in a prescribed pattern across the ice. http://gph.is/2eND7vI
3) A long program is limited to around 4 minutes for ladies, including 12 elements. While men are required to execute 13 elements in around 4.5 minutes.
a) 8 jump passes including
An Axel Jump
3 jump combinations, like this:
And other jumps, like this triple lutz:
b) 3 spins including a spin with flying entry, a camel spin or sit spin, a spin combination (almost same as in the short program)
c) 1 step sequence: https://youtu.be/EhU_5Y7x9PM
d) 1 choreographic sequence consisting of any kind of movements such as steps, turns, spirals, arabesques, spread eagles, Ina Bauers, hydroblading, transitional (unlisted) jumps, spinning movements etc: http://gph.is/2eC9vqk
While short program is to test your technical skills, long program is to test your stamina. In a short program you show all the best basics of figure skating, in a long program you show your endurance. After a long program, skaters might feel like they have just finished a marathon.
4) After big competition, there is often a gala in which skaters are invited to perform their exhibition programs.
Gala is actually an ice show. In exhibition programs, skaters are free to do whatever they want, there is no rule about what you must do to earn points. The main goal of exhibition programs is to entertain the audience.
In exhibition program, skater can be a fairy: https://youtu.be/gHzTL9AZp5g
Or a rock star: https://youtu.be/x_QJo3ItJFI
A prince: https://youtu.be/E3th5CFvoOY
A swan: https://youtu.be/_8TLD10Rzug
A playboy: https://youtu.be/zhFL_HBNDwE
A flower boy: https://youtu.be/WZMsYWykcQY
Please note that most skaters earn money from doing ice shows or coaching. Below are some other exhibition programs I like:
Yuko Kawaguchi and Alexander Smirnov: https://youtu.be/9UJ_r67vzh0
Anna Pogorilaya: https://youtu.be/bmSAn1zXK70
Mao Asada: https://youtu.be/-ZJUgH6Mjv8
If there is any question about figure skating, don’t hesitate to send me. I will try my best.
My previous posts related about figure skating: Who is Yuzuru Hanyu, Blade in ice skating, Kiss and cry area, Fitness of figure skaters, Spins in figure skating, Figure skating disciplines at Olympic, Costumes in figure skating, and Jumps in figure skating.
PS: Gifs are from anniesgifs and hanyuedits Tumblr, I did not make them.