Presented the Leadership Award of Phi Delta Kappa (1962); the National Defense Service Medal (1965); the Vietnam Campaign Medal (1967); the Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm (1967); the Vietnam Service Medal (1967); Ten Air Force Air Medals (1967); Three Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards (1967, 1970 and 1972); the German Air Force Aviation Badge from the Federal Republic of West Germany (1969); the T-38 Instructor Pilot of the Month (1970); the Air Training Command Outstanding Flight Safety Award (1970); the Air Force Commendation Medal (1972); the Air Force Institute of Technology’s Mervin E. Gross Award (1974); Who’s Who Among Black Americans (1975 to 1977); the Air Force Meritorious Service Award (1978); the National Society of Black Engineers Distinguished National Scientist Award (1979); four NASA Group Achievement Awards (1980, 1981, 1989, and 2003); the Pennsylvania State University Alumni Association’s Distinguished Alumni Award (1983), the Alumni Fellows Award (1986); the USAF Command Pilot Astronaut Wings (1983); NASA Space Flight Medals (1983, 1985, 1991 and 1992); the Ebony Black Achievement Award (1983); NAACP Image Award (1983); the City of Philadelphia’s Philadelphia Bowl (1983); Who’s Who in America (1983 to present); the Pennsylvania Distinguished Service Medal (1984); the Defense Superior Service Medal (1984); three Defense Meritorious Service Medals (1986, 1992 and 1993); New York City Urban League’s Whitney Young Memorial Award; 1991 Black Engineer of the Year Award; NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1992); National Intelligence Medal of Achievement (1993); Federation Aeronautique International Komarov Diploma (1993); Legion of Merit (1993); NASA Distinguished Service Medal (1994); International Space Hall of Fame inductee (1997); U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame inductee (2010); Air Force Institute of Technology Distinguished Alumni Award (2002); University of Houston, Clear Lake Distinguished Alumni Award (2003); The Pennsylvania Society Gold Medal (2011) and honorary doctorate degrees from Florida A&M University, Texas Southern University, Virginia State University, Morgan State University, Stevens Institute of Technology, Tuskegee Institute, Bowie State College, Thomas Jefferson University, Chicago State University, Georgian Court College, Drexel University, Kent State University, Central State University and the University of the Sciences.
They played The Bodyguard soundtrack! I repeat, they went ahead and played I Will Always Love You by Whitney Houston from The Bodyguard soundtrack! If you didn’t die laughing at this point then what is your life even???
1990 - Nelson Mandela is released Nelson Mandela’s greatest pleasure, his most private moment, is watching
the sun set with the music of Handel or Tchaikovsky playing.
Locked up in his cell during daylight hours, deprived of music, both
these simple pleasures were denied him for decades. With his fellow
prisoners, concerts were organized when possible, particularly at
Christmas time, where they would sing. Nelson Mandela finds music very
uplifting, and takes a keen interest not only in European classical
music but also in African choral music and the many talents in South
African music. But one voice stands out above all - that of Paul
Robeson, whom he describes as our hero.
The years in jail reinforced habits that were already entrenched: the
disciplined eating regime of an athlete began in the 1940s, as did the
early morning exercise. Still today Nelson Mandela is up by 4.30am,
irrespective of how late he has worked the previous evening. By 5am he
has begun his exercise routine that lasts at least an hour. Breakfast is
by 6.30, when the days newspapers are read. The day s work has begun.
With a standard working day of at least 12 hours, time management is
critical and Nelson Mandela is extremely impatient with unpunctuality,
regarding it as insulting to those you are dealing with.
When speaking of the extensive traveling he has undertaken since his
release from prison, Nelson Mandela says: I was helped when preparing
for my release by the biography of Pandit Nehru, who wrote of what
happens when you leave jail. My daughter Zinzi says that she grew up
without a father, who, when he returned, became a father of the nation.
This has placed a great responsibility of my shoulders. And wherever I
travel, I immediately begin to miss the familiar - the mine dumps, the
colour and smell that is uniquely South African, and, above all, the
people. I do not like to be away for any length of time. For me, there
is no place like home.
Mandela accepted the Nobel Peace Prize as an accolade to all people who
have worked for peace and stood against racism. It was as much an award
to his person as it was to the ANC and all South Africa s people. In
particular, he regards it as a tribute to the people of Norway who stood
against apartheid while many in the world were silent.
We know it was Norway that provided resources for farming; thereby
enabling us to grow food; resources for education and vocational
training and the provision of accommodation over the years in exile. The
reward for all this sacrifice will be the attainment of freedom and
democracy in South Africa, in an open society which respects the rights
of all individuals. That goal is now in sight, and we have to thank the
people and governments of Norway and Sweden for the tremendous role they
Breakfast of plain porridge, with fresh fruit and fresh milk.
A favourite is the traditionally prepared meat of a freshly slaughtered
sheep, and the delicacy Amarhewu (fermented corn-meal).
1989 - Penn’s 1996 Baccalaureate Speaker is The Right Reverend Barbara
Clementine Harris, a Philadelphian who was the first woman ever to
become a bishop in the Anglican Communion. Bishop Harris entered the
priesthood after a long and successful career in public and community
relations in Philadelphia between 1949 and 1977. On graduation from the
Charles Morris Price School she joined Joseph V. Baker Associates Inc
and rose to president. She also held senior posts with the Sun Company
from 1968 until 1977, when she began her theological studies at
Villanova University. Studying later at the Urban Theology Unit in
Sheffield, England, she then graduated from the Pennsylvania Foundation
for Pastoral Counseling, and was ordained a deacon in 1979 and a priest
Before she was consecrated a bishop in 1989, she had been
Priest-in-Charge of St. Augustine of Hippo in Norristown, serving also
as as a prison chaplain and as counsel to industrial corporations for
public policy issues and social concerns. Named executive director of
the Episcopal Church Publishing Company in 1984, she was also publisher
of The Witness, and she held the additional post of interim rector of
Philadelphia’s Church of the Advocate in 1988. Bishop Harris is a member
of the Union of Black Episcopalians, and among other activities she
represents the national Episcopal Church on the board of the Prisoner
Visitation and Support Committee, and is vice president of Episcopal
City Mission of the Diocese of Massachusetts.
1976 - Clifford Alexander Jr Clifford Alexander, Jr. is confirmed as the first African American
Secretary of the Army. He will hold the position until the end of
President Jimmy Carter’s term.
1971 - Whitney Young Jr., National Urban League director Whitney M. Young, Jr. was Executive Director of the National Urban
League from 1961 until his tragic, untimely death in 1971. He worked
tireless to bring the races together, and joined the tenets of social
work, of which he was an outstanding practitioner, to the social
activism that brought the Urban League into the forefront of the civil
Whitney was constantly in search of solutions to the racism that plagued
Americans and caused black Americans to be regulated to second-class
citizenship in the land they fought and died for. A relentless advocate
for the poor, he visited rural and urban communities and advocated their
cause to the nation. He was a close adviser to Presidents Kennedy and
Johnson, and conferred with President Nixon; helping to shape the
policies of three administrations and playing a major role in the
development of the War on Poverty. He was a key figure in bringing the
now-legendary 1963 March on Washington to fruition; and was a major
force in bringing black leadership together in a united front for
progress. Whitney’s eloquent testimony before Congressional committees
and his powerful appeals to business, professional and civic leaders
helped create an environment in which African Americans forged ahead to
win new opportunities.
1961 - February 11, Robert Weaver sworn in as administrator of the Housing and
Home Finance Agency, highest federal post to date by a Black American.
1898 - Owen L. W. Smith of North Carolina, AME Zion minister and educator, named minister to Liberia.
1783 - Jarena Lee was born The
daughter of former slaves, born in Cape May, New Jersey.
Jarena Lee is the considered the first female preacher in the African
Methodist Episcopal Church.
In 1836, she published her autobiography, THe Life and Religious
Experiences, of Jarena Lee, a Coloured Lady, Giving an Account of Her
Call to Preach the Gospel.
Her maiden name is unknown and the year of her death is uncertain. She
married Joseph Lee, a minister of a Black church in Snow Hill (Lawnside -
about 6 miles from Philadelphia) in 1811.
1644 - First Black legal protest in America pressed by eleven Blacks who
petitioned for freedom in New Netherlands (New York). Council of New
Netherlands freed the eleven petitioners because they had “served the
Company seventeen or eighteen years” and had been “long since promised
their freedom on the same footing as other free people in New
So I stayed after school one day to study in my Japanese classroom and when the teacher walked out I drew a small Victor on the whiteboard with his heart shaped smile and figured it would be gone the next day
When I walk into the class the next day he’s STILL THERE and I’m honestly surprised that he hasn’t been erased yet and we go through class like normal but at the end when the bell rings my Japanese teacher casually asks, “Who drew this guy on the board?” so I raise my hand and tell her who it is and how it’s from Yuri!!! on Ice and her response was:
“I asked each of my classes before sixth period whether I could erase him or not and every time I asked people would panic and say ‘NO’ ”