Viking and Anglo Saxon gravestones from the cemetery site occupied by the current York Minster. These gravestones reflect evolving motifs in terms of Christian, Celtic and Norse beliefs. York Minster, 12.2.17.


Gothic architecture is a style of architecture that flourished during the high and late medieval period. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France and lasting into the 16th century, Gothic architecture was known during the period asOpus Francigenum (“French work”) with the term Gothic first appearing during the later part of the Renaissance. Its characteristics include the pointed arch, theribbed vault and the flying buttress. Gothic architecture is most familiar as the architecture of many of the great cathedrals, abbeys and churches of Europe. It is also the architecture of many castles, palaces, town halls, guild halls, universities and to a less prominent extent, private dwellings, such as dorms and rooms. The Gothic era has many great accomplishments. One of the biggest accomplishments during the Gothic style period was the architecture. Gothic architecture is not only incredibly advanced but also very artistic. The Goths utilized architecture as a foundation for symbolism and artistic value. All accomplishments discovered by the Goths were the foundation in modern architecture seen today. Height, flying buttresses, pointed arches vaulted ceilings, and satin glass windows, are the most recognized features of Gothic architecture. These features that came about are not only pleasing to the eye, but add function to the building allowing the building to be safe in the interiors and exteriors

It is in the great churches and cathedrals and in a number of civic buildings that the Gothic style was expressed most powerfully, its characteristics lending themselves to appeals to the emotions, whether springing from faith or from civic pride. A great number of ecclesiastical buildings remain from this period, of which even the smallest are often structures of architectural distinction while many of the larger churches are considered priceless works of art and are listed withUNESCO as World Heritage Sites. For this reason a study of Gothic architecture is largely a study of cathedrals and churches.

A series of Gothic revivals began in mid-18th-century England, spread through 19th-century Europe and continued, largely for ecclesiastical and university structures, into the 20th century. [x]

Constantine the Great - Roman Emperor in York England

A Bronze statue of Constantine erected in 1998, resides outside the South Transept of York Minster as a tribute.

Constantine was born around 272 A.D. to Constantius and Helena. It is not known whether Helena had any other children, and it is possible their domestic arrangement was that they lived in ‘Concubinage’. In other words it was a socially acceptable arrangement for people of different beliefs or cultures to be able to live together. But their relationship broke up and Constantine’s father married Theodora. In 305 her father, the Emperor Maximian, died and Constantius became Emperor. However, his reign was short. He came to Eboracum the following year where he died and his son became the Emperor Constantine.


York, UK (by Sam Fryers)


Minster by Sam Fryers
Via Flickr:
York Minster viewed from city walls, York, UK, June 2005