Forgotten World: The Stone-walled Settlements of the Mpumalanga Escarpment

We have much to learn from the Bakoni. For one, they taught us that political centralization does not necessarily equate economic development. They also debunk colonial perceptions that prior to the arrival of settler farming, African agriculture was rudimentary, subsistence oriented, transient and barely capitalized.

This is what recent archaeological and historical research in the area known as Bokoni in Mpumalanga has revealed. The Bakoni, the Koni people who first emerged in this area around the 1500s and lived here until around the 1820s, were advanced farming communities that created stone-walled sites – the remnants of which still cover vast areas in Mpumalanga today.

According to The University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg researchers, historian Professor Peter Delius and archaeologist Dr Alex Schoeman, it is now clear that the Bakoni practiced advanced technological and agricultural innovation and techniques long before Africa was colonized. Read more.

New study shows South Africans using milk-based paint 49,000 years ago

An international research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa has discovered a milk-and ochre-based paint dating to 49,000 years ago that inhabitants may have used to adorn themselves with or to decorate stone or wooden slabs.

While the use of ochre by early humans dates to at least 250,000 years ago in Europe and Africa, this is the first time a paint containing ochre and milk has ever been found in association with early humans in South Africa, said Paola Villa, a curator at the University of Colorado Museum of Natural History and lead study author. The milk likely was obtained by killing lactating members of the bovid family such as buffalo, eland, kudu and impala, she said. Read more.


On this day in 1960, the Democratic Republic of Congo gained its independence, after more than 50 years of occupation.

face2faceafrica Africa reports:

“The Congo’s colonization happened under the rule of King Leopold II (pictured above) who was able to dupe the European community in to believing that his efforts of exploration in the region were humanitarian. Using clandestine methods, the king was able to claim much of the Congo Basin for himself and renamed the area the "Congo Free State.” Under Leopold’s rule, natives were brutally mistreated and kidnapped to be slaves by Arab-Swahili traders.

“Rubber was a chief export of the nation, and the Belgians ran workers in to the ground to increase production of the plants and ensuing product.

"The Public Force (or Force Publique) (pictured) was called in to enforce the production of rubber, cutting the limbs off workers to incite fear and harder work. On top of the Public Force’s tactics, millions of natives died due to disease and exploitation.”

Read the rest here:


anonymous asked:

a lot of anthropologists and historians actually theorize that most ancient egyptians looked like your modern day arab person, dark eyes, dark hair, tan/olive skin. They didn't start getting lighter until they met the romans and greeks, or even the mysterious sea people (some even theorize that maybe the vikings made it down there because cleopatra allegedly had green eyes but that's heavily debated)

huh, based on the actual hieroglyphs the typical ancient egyptians had an afro-asiatic look to them so they were a mix between ‘semetic’ and ‘black’ and maybe some other groups as well(like greeks and perhaps some group from east,south, or central asia i guess).

no the vikings didn’t go to egypt. if cleopatra had green eyes, they came from her greece/macedonian heritage. 

yes i’m aware that ramses II had red hair, but i’m 100% sure he didn’t have noorthern european heritage.

~the aspie one

I moved to South Africa when I was three years old. I am now 22. I am Zimbabwean and my parents moved to the City of Gold in 1995 to realise what, for many Zimbabweans then, was the real potential of a South African dream.

My first experience with xenophobia was in primary school in the early 2000s. Names such as “Kwerekwere” and “Girigamba” were pelted at me like stones by children both my age and skin color. Even as a child I knew that these terms were meant for a select few. They were used to “other” and alienate foreigners of a specific kind. While the white French foreign student who visited was welcomed with curiosity and admiration, I, a black African child, was labelled Kwerekwere. I was taunted and excluded.