Archeologists find what may be world's oldest gold artifact

It may be just a tiny gold bead — 4 millimetres (1/8 inch) in diameter — but it is an enormous discovery for Bulgarian archaeologists who say they have found Europe’s — and probably the world’s — oldest gold artifact.

The bead, found at a pre-historic settlement in southern Bulgaria, dates back to 4,500-4,600 B.C., the archaeologists say, making it some 200 years older than jewellery from a Copper Age necropolis in the Bulgarian Black Sea city of Varna, the oldest processed gold previously unearthed, in 1972.

“I have no doubt that it is older than the Varna gold,” Yavor Boyadzhiev, associated professor at the Bulgarian Academy of Science, said.

“It’s a really important discovery. It is a tiny piece of gold but big enough to find its place in history.” Read more.

Archaeologists Unearth 7,000-Year-Old Chalcolithic Workshop for Flint Tools

A “huge” workshop for flint tools dating back to the Late Chalcolithic, or about 4,500-4,200 years ago, has been discovered by Bulgarian archaeologists in archaeological excavations of a settlement mound near the town of Kamenovo, Razgrad District, in Northeast Bulgaria.

The flint workshop has been found somewhat unexpectedly since the archaeologists started out their digs with the aim of excavating part of a Chalcolithic necropolis.

The archaeological excavations near Kamenovo have taken place in May-June 2015. They have been led by Assoc. Prof. Yavor Boyadzhiev from the National Institute and Museum of Archaeology of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Dilen Dilov from the Razgrad Regional Museum of History, and Dimitar Chernakov from the Ruse Regional Museum of History, reports local news site Top Novini Razgrad. Read more.