yaacov

anonymous asked:

I won't trouble you to do it yourself since I'm sure it's lots but Is there a list someplace of all the prayers a woman is expected to say during the day? Thank you for your time.

I’m not personally aware of any list online, however the book Halichos Bas Yisroel by Rabbi Yitzchak Yaacov Fuchs is exactly what you’re looking for. I think the book is pretty difficult to get a hold of, though, so I don’t mind making a list for you. I’m consulting an ArtScroll siddur as I’m writing this so you might want to look at one if you’re reading this, if you have one.

Obvious Disclaimer: I’m not a rabbi or a poisek, this is what I was taught and do myself/am finding in Halichos Bas Yisroel as I type this. Please correct me if there is anything wrong. Also, things will differ depending on community/custom. This is for the Ashkenazi nussach and I only had weekday in mind while writing this.

Basically, it’s expected women say morning blessings/birchos hashachar, morning prayers/Shacharis, and afternoon prayers/Mincha. I’ve tried to break it down for you here.

Morning

  • Say Modeh Ani when you first wake up and are still in bed
  • Wash hands three times, say Reishes Chochmah (outside of a bathroom as it contains HaShem’s name). Some also recite Al Netilas Yadayim and Asher Yatzar here (assuming you went to the washroom), others recite it a bit later on, others say it at both times
  • (The non-ArtScroll siddur I normally use has Torah tzivah lanu Moshe at this point, but none of my ArtScroll ones do—just a heads up case you’re using a siddur that does have it, you should say it)
  • Skip the brachos for tzitzis and tallis
  • Mah Tovu, Adon Olam, Yigdal
  • Al Netilas Yadayim, Asher Yatzar
  • Blessings of the Torah/Birchos haTorah
  • Elokai Neshama
  • Morning blessings/birchos hashachar
  • Most women skip offerings/korbonos
  • Psukei d’zimra
    • If you are in a pinch for time, it will suffice to say Baruch She’amar, Ashrei, and Yishtabach. The remaining order (if you’re in a rush but have time to say some) is as follows:
    • Psalm 150, 148, 146, 147, 149 (the Hallelukahs)
    • Vayarech Dovid until Tifartecha
    • Hodu laShem until Ki Kadosh HaShem
    • Remaining sections
  • Shema
    • I was personally taught that women aren’t obligated in saying anything leading up to the actual Shema, so I don’t say any of the preceding brachos. Halichos Bas Yisroel says “women may recite the two blessings, Yotzer ohr and Ahavah rabbah, preceding Shema.”
    • Say at least the first verse of Shema, however it’s incredibly praiseworthy to say the whole thing
  • Continue with Emes V’yatziv, leading into Shmona Esrei
  • Shmona Esrei
  • Most women skip Tachanun
  • Skip anything about Torah reading
  • Can skip the second Ashrei and U’Vah l’Tzion
  • Aleinu
  • Can skip Psalm of the Day
  • You’re done Shacharis!

Later in the day, you say Mincha, which is the afternoon prayer. It’s the shortest prayer.

  • Ashrei
  • Shmona Esrei
  • Skip Tachanun
  • Aleinu

Most women don’t say Maariv, which is the evening prayer. Please remember that in any of the prayers, you don’t say Kaddish unless you’re responding to it in shul (we don’t say it without a minyan).

Before you go to sleep, you should say Krias Shema al haMita/the bedtime Shema. Halichos Bas Yisroel simply mentions saying Shema and the blessing HaMapil, not the whole thing.

And, of course, you should be saying brachos throughout the day (before/after eating, asher yatzar, etc.)

This probably looks super intimidating, so please take things on slowly. No need to frustrate yourself and be stuck saying Shacharis for two hours if it might lead you to resent davening! I personally started with saying birchos hashachar and once I was committed to doing that, I added more in slowly. If you’re really in a pinch (i.e. slept in through your alarm and have 10 minutes to get to work), you can say a quick personal prayer that includes praise to HaShem, a personal request, and words of thanks.

I hope this was clear!

Throwback Thursday:  View from our 2007 exhibition “Refract, Reflect, Project: Light Works from the Collection” 

Throughout the history of art, light has been linked to fundamental questions of vision and perception. This exhibition explored objects in which light—as substance and subject—is central. The exhibition included work by Robert Irwin, but pictured here left to right: 

Jesús Rafael Soto “Two Volumes in the Virtual” 1968 

Julio Le Parc “Instability” 1963 

Spencer Finch “Cloud (H2O)” 2006 

Yaacov Agam “Transparent Rhythms II” 1968 

4

The architecture of #Palestine during the British Mandate

New ‘Social Construction’ exhibit at the Israel Museum explores the European influence on the evolution of Israel’s modernist visual heritage.

“Social Construction,” a new exhibit at the #Israel Museum in #Jerusalem running through December 31, 2016, puts a spotlight on the “white architecture” that early 20th century European modernists imported to pre-state Palestine – and the social values this style reflects.

Curator Oren Sagiv gathered roughly 40 analytical and interpretive drawings together with more than 60 archival photographs of some of the iconic architectural projects built between 1930 and 1940 during the time of the British Mandate.

The Bialik School in Tel Aviv was built in the 1930s by Yaacov Shiffman (Ben Sira). Photo from the Kalter Collection

Of course, Tel Aviv is nicknamed the White City for its unrivalled abundance of these simple white, rounded buildings designed in what is known as the Bauhaus or International style. But they’re found in large numbers also in Jerusalem and #Haifa.

This classic #Bauhaus building at 65 Hovavei Tzion Street in Tel Aviv was built in 1935 by Pinchas Hit (Philip Huett). Photo from the Kalter Collection

The 1930 May Cinema in #Haifa was done by Yehuda Lilienfeld. Photo from the Kalter #Collection

“Social Construction” shows how the development of these urban centers “emerged from the influence of international modernism while forming a unique architectural language inspired by the ambitions to establish a new state and to create a new social order,” according to the museum.

A peek into “Social Construction” at the Israel Museum. Photo: courtesy

“The influx of immigration to Palestine following the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the concurrent political upheavals in eastern Europe brought a generation of architects who embraced modernism as a new beginning.”

Architectural plans for The Casino, a landmark building on the Bat Galim promenade of Haifa built in 1934 by Alfred Goldberg. Photo courtesy of the #Israel #Museum

Located in the museum’s new Palevsky Design Pavilion, “Social Construction” draws on the research of Israeli architects Ada Karmi-Melamede and Dan Price, co-authors of Architecture in Palestine During the British mandate, 1917-1948. An English translation of the book was published as a companion to the exhibition.