wwii german armor

A Pz.Kpfw. IV belonging to Panzer Lehr, tactical number ‘535’ wears the town’s rubble like a cloak. A GI sits to peer into the turret’s interior. The vehicle is packed in spare track but has neatly been holed dead center. Note the simple spoked idler. The location is Saint-Gilles, west of Saint-Lô.

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Musee des Blindés Part 19

1 to 3) Sturmpanzer IV. German WWII armored infantry support gun. The Sturmpanzer was a development of the Pzkpfw IV and was designed to provide a vehicle offering direct infantry fire support, especially in urban areas. It mounted a new 15-cm StuH 43 L/12 gun. This is a mid production version as seen by the ball-mount for a MG34 on the upper left of the case mate.

Sturmpanzer IV. Arma blindada de apoyo alemana de la SGM. El Sturmpanzer  fue desarrollado a partir del Panzer IV, diseñado para proveer un vehículo que ofreciera apoyo de fuego directo a la infanteria, especialmente en areas urbanas. Montaba el nuevo cañón 15-cm StuH 43 L/12. Esta es un vehículo de producción media, denotado por la montura ovalada para una MG34 en la parte superior izquierda de la casamata. 

4 to 6) Leopard 2 Prototype. One of 17 prototypes of the Leopard 2. All the prototypes used the Renk transmission from the Kampfpanzer 70 and twelve also used its MTU engine. Ten were equipped with a Rheinmetall 105mm smooth-bore gun and the others with a Rheinmetall 120mm smooth-bore gun. The hulls were similar to those of the Leopard 1 but with a more sharply angled glacis plate whilst the turrets resemble those of the Leopard 1A4.

Prototipo de Leopard 2. Uno de los 17 prototipos del Leopard 2. Todos los prototipos usaban la transmisión Renk del Kampfpanzer 70 y doce también usaban su motor MTU. Diez fueron equipados con un cañón de amina lisa Rheinmetall 120mm. Los cascos eran similares al del Leopard 1 pero con una placa del glasis mas pronunciada, mientras que la torreta se asemejaba a la del Leopard 1A4. 

7 to 9) T-62MV. Soviet modernization to the modernization of the T-55. Essentially just a T-62M fitted with ERA. The T-62MV was a general upgrade to the T-62, adding appliqué armor to the turret, additional belly armor, anti-neuron liner and a new laser range finder and ballistic computer. The T-62MV uses the “Kontakt-1” ERA package on the sides of the hull, the glacis plate, and in the front of the turret. This example was captured in Iraq.

T-62MV. Modernización soviética del T-55. Esencialmente solo un T-62 equipado con ERA. El T-62MV era una modernización general del T-62, añadiendo armadura extra en la torreta, armadura adicional en el vientre, un nuevo telémetro laser y computadora balística. El tanque usa el paqueta ERA “Kontakt-1” a los lados del casco, la placa glacis, y en el frente de la torreta. Este ejemplo fue capturado en Iraq. 

10) T-62. Basic improvement of the T-55. In contrast to previous tanks, which were armed with a rifled gun, the T-62 was the first tank armed with a smoothbore gun that could fire APFSDS at higher velocities. The T-62 became the standard Soviet tank but did not do well on the export market due to its expensive price and manufacture. Probably another Iraqi trophy.

T-62. Mejora básica del T-55. En contrate con tanques anteriores, armados con cañones riflados, el T-62 fue el primer tanque armado con un cañón de amina lisa que podía disparar munición APFSDS a mayores velocidades. El T-62 se convirtió en el principal tanque sovietico de su tiempo pero no le fue bien en el mercado de exportación debido a su alto costo. Probablemente otro trofeo Iraqi. 

Submitted by panzerfluch.

Traducido por mi. 

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The German A7V Tank of World War I,

During World War I the development of the tank was a British and French thing, the Germans never really got on the tank bandwagon.  Opting instead to develop anti-tank weapons, the Germans only produced 20 tanks of their own.  By contrast, the British and French had thousands of tanks.  Despite the German High Command’s lack of love for tanks, one tank design was approved called the A7V (Allgemeines Kriegsdepartement, 7. Abteilung, Verkehrswesen).

Designed in 1916 and appearing in the later stages of the war, the A7V consisted of an armored hull built upon the tracks and chasis of a Holt tractor.  Weighing 33 tons, it was was a heavily armed tank with a 57mm main gun and 6 machine guns. A “female” version had two more machine guns in place of the main gun. It was also well armored, with 30mm frontal armor, 15mm side armor, and 20mm rear armor.  Propelled by two Daimler Benz 4 cylinder engines with 200 horsepower each, on the battlefield it could achieve a blistering speed of around 3 mph. Typically, each A7V was manned by a crew of 17, including an officer, driver, mechanic, mechanic/signaler, 6 machine gunners, 6 loaders, and two artilleryman.  

Heavily armed and armored, the A7V had two major flaws.  First, the large boxy tank made an excellent target on the battlefield.  Secondly, the A7V suffered chronic mechanical problems.  In fact breakdowns accounted for as many losses as enemy fire during the war. Case and point, during the A7V’s first combat mission at the Battle of St. Quentin Canal, 3 of the 5 tanks present broke down before entering combat.  The largest German tank battle was the Second Battle of Villiers-Bretonneux in April of 1918.  Of 15 tanks, one tank refused to start outright, 5 broke down in the midst of combat, and two toppled over due to their high center of gravity.  

Of the 20 A7V tanks that were produced, only one was outright destroyed in battle.  The rest were either scrapped by the Germans, or captured by the Allies and likewise scrapped.  Overall, the German Army only employed 50 tanks during the war, most of which were captured British and French tanks.