Nelly Sachs (1891-1970) was a Swedish poet and playwright of Jewish-German origins who won the 1966 Nobel Prize for Literature. She is best known for voicing her experiences of persecution and terror as a German Jew during World War II.

At the onset of the war, she managed to flee with her mother on the last flight from Germany to Sweden, where she settled and lived for the rest of her life. She received the Nobel Prize for her writing which ‘represented the tragedy of the Jewish people’. In 1961 she was the first winner of a literary prize awarded biannually in Germany, the Nelly Sachs Prize, which bears her name.

During World War II, Donald Woods Winnicott, one of Britain’s foremost pediatricians and psychoanalysts, made radio broadcasts to parents about parenthood and childcare on the BBC. In “A Man Looks at Motherhood”, an October 1949 episode from Winnicott’s The Ordinary Devoted Mother and Her Baby series, he talks about motherhood in relation to the baby.

Image by Anna Shannon for Oxford University Press.

A fun photo by Van Arts from my trip to #houston #texas a few weeks ago. #pinup #militarypinup #usshouston #ship #battleship #wwii #highheels #cute #smile #windyday #navy #carlottachampagne #campy #retro #gams #thighslikewhat #brunette

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“HMNZS Leander (New Zealand Light Cruiser, 1933) in Suva harbor, Fiji, in February 1942. Photographed from USS Curtiss (AV-4). USS Chicago (CA-29) is in the background, at right. Note Leander’s pattern camouflage, and the PBY Catalina flying boat on the water in the far right distance.”

(NHHC: 80-G-7294)

Čestná dýka SS s nápisom “Meine Ehre heißt Treue - Mojou cťou je vernosť”. Táto dýka SS bola zavedená v roku 1933. Spočiatku príslušníci SS dostávali ich dýky počas obradu pri pamätníku Feldherrnhalle v Mníchove. Každoročný rituál, nabitý mysticizmom a odrážajúci tradície stredovekých Teutónskych rytierov, sa uskutočňoval 9. novembra, na výročie mučeníckeho neúspešného puču z roku 1923. Tak ako dôstojníci, tak aj narukovaní SS-mani, nosili túto dýku až do roku 1936. Po roku 1936, nosili dýku M1933 iba narukovaní SS-mani.

SS honour dagger with the inscription “Meine Ehre heißt Treue - My honor is loyalty”. The SS dagger was introduced in 1933. Early on, members of the SS were awarded their daggers during a ceremony at the Feldherrnhalle Memorial in Munich. The annual ritual, charged with mysticism and meant to reflect the traditions of medieval Teutonic knights, was held on 9 November, the date of the martyred unsuccessful Putsch of 1923. Both officers and enlisted men wore the identical dagger until 1936. After this time, only enlisted men wore the M1933 dagger.

Corporal Ruth M. Oakley of Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, poses in Salzburgen (today() holding a captured Sturmgewehr 44 (also known as a MP43, MP44 or StG44), the world’s first true assault rifle. The unique ammo pouch is also German. The overalls were standard issue for US tank crews but many infantry soldiers also wore them.

According to existing official records Ruth M. Oakley held the rank of Corporal, not Sergeant, as stated in the US Signal Corp’s photo description. Corporal Oakley survived the war, passing away in 1993 at the age of 70.

The building behind him housed the district’s DVG administration. The Deutsche Volksgemeinschaft in Lothringen (D.V.G.) was the NSDAP (Nazi Party) equivalent responsible for the Moselle department, the border region between France and Germany, between 1940 and 1945.

Photo taken on November 3rd, 1944. The small town of Salzburgen had been liberated by the US Army 3 days before.

(Photo original: US Signal Corps)

(Colour by Rui

“In An Iron Wind, historian Peter Fritzsche draws on diaries, letters, and other first-person accounts to show how civilians in occupied Europe struggled to understand this terrifying chaos. As the Third Reich targeted Europe’s Jews for deportation and death, confusion and mistrust reigned. What were Hitler’s aims? Did Germany’s rapid early victories mark the start of an enduring new era? Was collaboration or resistance the wisest response to occupation? How far should solidarity and empathy extend? And where was God? People tried desperately to answer such questions and make sense of the horrors around them, but the stories they told themselves often justified a selfish indifference to their neighbors’ fates.”

I called myself a pacifist because Heinz, the German boy I had lived with for five years during the nineteen-thirties, was about to be conscripted into the Nazi army and I found it unthinkable that I should ever help to cause his death, however indirectly. I had therefore decided to refuse to take any part in the war effort, if war came. But this was a merely negative decision. What I now needed to learn were positive pacifist values, a pacifist way of life, a Yes to fortify my No; it was the lack of values which was making me feel so insecure. The strength Wystan [Auden] showed in contrast to my weakness was based on the Christian values which he had learned from his mother, as a child, and which he had never entirely abandoned. He didn’t discuss these with me at the time, knowing what a violent prejudice I had against the whole concept of religion as I then understood it.
—  Christopher Isherwood, My Guru and His Disciple