ww1 veteran

Muncie Evening Press, Indiana, January 19, 1922  

The effect on the sausage market of the slang expression is serious..

Returning soldiers revived the almost forgotten bit of slang and the public once more began to speak of “wienies” as “dogs.” The effect was instantaneous, Russell says, and sensitive people found themselves unable to eat sausages. 

As the phrase grew in popularity, sausages lost caste. Now only the hardened buy them.

Armistice Day

Armistice Day is commemorated every year on November 11 to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning — the “eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month” of 1918. The date was declared a national holiday in many allied nations, and coincides with Remembrance Day and Veterans Day.

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Favorite Fictional Characters

There’s something that I absolutely love about that 1920’s gangster look that I find extremely sexy. Jimmy Darmody and Tommy Shelby are both ruthless mobsters and veterans of the first World War but they’re both extremely intelligent, determined and more than capable of committing acts of violence; they’re also both perfect gentlemen and sexy as hell. I love the hair style and the suits. From a time when men were men.

historywriter2007  asked:

The first story I remember reading was In Name Only by IzzySamson. I found it late at night and couldn't stop, needless to say the next day at work was horrible, but it is still one of my favorites and I go back to it whenever I need a pick me up.

Thank you @historywriter2007 !  And here is your recommendation:

In Name Only by IzzySamson

Summary: In the midst the Great Depression eighteen year old Katniss needs a miracle. Her Papa is dead, Mama has just been hauled off to the asylum, soon she’ll be evicted, and Prim put into the child’s home. WW1 Veteran, Peeta Mellark, gives her the means to save Prim, he offers to be her husband ‘in name only’. The only hitch is; Katniss thinks she loves him…

On This Day: May 29
  • 1798: Between 300 and 500 United Irishmen massacred by the British Army in Kildare, Ireland, during the United Irishmen Rebellion.
  • 1830: Anarchist and Paris Commune leader Louise Michel born in Vroncourt-la-Côte, France.
  • 1839: Revolution against Mexican government breaks out in Yucatan.
  • 1854: Civil rights activist Lydia Flood Jackson opens the first school for African-American children in Sacramento, California.
  • 1881: Anarchist Li Shizeng born in Beijing, China. Leader of Jinde Hui group.
  • 1897: Arrival of anarchist couple Rudolf Rocker and Milly Witkop in the United States, just days before they were forced to leave the country because they refused to get married.
  • 1922: Portuguese army fires on 10,000 protesters wanting release of three Chinese barbers jailed for defending a woman from harassment.
  • 1931: Execution, in Rome, of Italian-American anarchist Michele Schirru for his plan to assassinate Mussolini
  • 1932: Up to 40,000 WW1 veterans and supporters gather in Washington in the “Bonus Army” demanding promised bonuses.
  • 1941: Walt Disney animators begin 5-week successful strike for recognition of Screen Cartoonists’ Guild.
  • 1946: UMWA and US government establish the Welfare and Retirement Fund, one of the first union medical and pension plans.
  • 1950: United Auto Workers at General Motors win hospitalization plan.
  • 1963: Violence escalates at NAACP picket of Philadelphia construction site.
  • 1966: The phrase “Black Power” re-emerges in 1960s Civil Rights context.
  • 1969: General strike in Córdoba, Argentina leds to police repression and an uprising against the military gov known as the Cordobazo.
  • 1984: British Miner’s Strike: Approx 2000 police use horses and baton charges to take lorries through pickets into Orgreave coking plant.
  • 1993: A racist arson attack on a house in Solingen, Germany, resulted in the death of two Turkish women and three young girls.
  • 1996: United Farm Workers of America reaches agreement with Bruce Church Inc on contract for lettuce harvesters ending 17 yearr boycott.
  • 2003: Mass protests begins in Evian, Geneva, and Lausanne, Switzerland against the G8 summit.
  • 2006: 800 mechanics and janitors at Toronto Transit Commission begin wildcat strike over proposed changes in work schedules.
  • 2007: Protests in Hamburg ahead of the G8 Summit in Heiligendamm.
  • 2009: Ontario government signs agreement to transfer former Ipperwash Provinal Park back to native ownership.
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Double Medal of Honor recipient Ernest August Janson (served under the name Charles F. Hoffman) was born on August 17, 1878, in New York City. After nearly ten years of honorable service with the U.S. Army, he enlisted in the Marine Corps on June 14, 1910 at the Marine Barracks, Bremerton, Washington. He was appointed a corporal, March 14, 1911, and honorably discharged on June 13, 1914.

He re-enlisted on June 17, 1914, and was appointed a Sergeant on August 24, 1914. During this second enlistment, he served on the USS Nebraska from July 13, 1914 until January 30, 1915; on detached duty on the USS Montana from January 30, 1915 until February 6, 1915; on the USS Nebraska again from February 6, 1915 until October 22, 1916; and at Norfolk, Virginia, from October 22, 1916 until May 25, 1917.

Sergeant Janson sailed for France on the USS DeKalb on June 14, 1917, and disembarked at St. Nazaire, France, June 27, 1917. Appointed a gunnery sergeant, a temporary warrant for the duration of the war, on July 1, 1917 he served honorably with the 49th Company, 5th Regiment, in its various activities.

On June 6, 1918, he was severely wounded in action. For his conspicuous service on that date, GySgt Janson was awarded both the Army and Navy Medals of Honor. The French Médaille militaire, which carries the Croix de guerre with Palm, the Montenegrin Silver Medal, the Portuguese Cruz de Guerra, and the Italian Croce di Guerra were also awarded to him for the same act of bravery.

In November 1918, he returned to the United States and was admitted to the Naval Hospital, New York, for treatment of the wounds received in action on June 6, 1918.

At the expiration of his second enlistment, April 25, 1919, he was honorably discharged. He re-enlisted May 7, 1919, and served the full term of this enlistment as a recruiter at New York City.

Sergeant Major Janson was selected and served as the Marine Corps pallbearer for the burial of the Unknown Soldier on Armistice Day, 1921. He was honorably discharged on May 6, 1923.

His fourth-enlistment took place May 7, 1923, and he remained on recruiting duty until July 20, 1926, when he was transferred to Marine Barracks, Quantico, Virginia. On his return to duty at Quantico, he was reinstated to his wartime rank of gunnery sergeant and requested retirement the following month. He was advanced one grade to Sergeant Major on August 31, 1926, and placed on the retired list, September 30, 1926.

Sergeant Major Janson returned to New York and during his last years lived on Long Island. He died after a brief illness, May 14, 1930, and was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York.

Gunnery Sergeant Janson was one of five Marines during World War I to be awarded both the Army and Navy Medals of Honor. Two Medals of Honor may no longer be given for a single incident.

Navy Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, 49th Company. (Served under name of Charles F. Hoffman) Born: August 17, 1878, New York, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. (Also received Army Medal of Honor.)

Citation:
“For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy near Château-Thierry, France, 6 June 1918. Immediately after the company to which G/Sgt. Janson belonged, had reached its objective on Hill 142, several hostile counterattacks were launched against the line before the new position had been consolidated. G/Sgt. Janson was attempting to organize a position on the north slope of the hill when he saw 12 of the enemy, armed with 5 light machineguns, crawling toward his group. Giving the alarm, he rushed the hostile detachment, bayoneted the 2 leaders, and forced the others to flee, abandoning their guns. His quick action, initiative and courage drove the enemy from a position from which they could have swept the hill with machinegun fire and forced the withdrawal of our troops.” (Wiki)

Eugene Bullard was the only black combat pilot on the Allies side in World War One. Born in Georgia, he fled to Scotland as a boy to escape racial discrimination, before eventually settling in Paris, France where he worked as a boxer. He served in the First Regiment Foreign Legion. He transferred to the Aviation department and served in the Lafayette Flying Corps, a designation of pilots made up of American volunteers. When the United States official joined the War Eugene was unable to serve in their number due to a whites only policy on combat pilots. He continued to serve under the French flag instead.

After the war he became a drummer and manager at a night club called ‘Le Grand Duc’ in Paris. At the request of the French government he used his night club as a cover to spy on Germans who visited, as Bullard was a German-speaker.

During the German invasion of France Bullard again volunteered and served in the defense of Orleans before being wounded in combat. He fled the country with his daughters to Spain, eventually booking passage to New York.

During his time in France he was awarded fifteen military decorations, he was made a chevalier of the Legion d'honneur, and was nicknamed 'The Black Swallow of Death’ for his skills as a combat pilot.

In the US he puttered through obscurity, spending the rest of his life operating an elevator at Rockefeller Center. He was famously beaten by police and rioters during the Peekskill Riot which left him with chronic back injuries for the rest of his life.

He passed away of stomach cancer at 66 years of age. 

                                                                          We voted.

WW1 veteran Walter Howard carries disabled WWI veteran Glenn Switzer to vote in Duarte. @latimes

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Frank Woodruff Buckles was a U.S. Army soldier and the last surviving American veteran of WW1. He enlisted in the Army in 1917 and served with a detachment from Fort Riley, driving ambulances and motorcycles near the front lines in Europe. He died 27 Feb 2011 at 110 years old.

Laid to rest, the last surviving soldier from WWI at Chapel of the Unknowns.

During World War I, over 12,000 American Indians served in the armed forces of the United States. In the army, they served as gunners, snipers, patrol workers, messengers, scouts, medical personnel, radio operators, and code talkers.

American Indians were integrated into numerous divisions of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF).  A few units, however, like Company E of the 36th Division, were all Indian.

This drawing, found by a volunteer, shows the symbolism of the 36th Division’s insignia, adopted in January 1919.  The letter “T” represents Texas and the arrow head represents Oklahoma. Because the Division was made up of officers and men formerly of the National Guards of Texas and Oklahoma, its official name became “The Lone Star Division.”