world war ii: okinawa

World War II Confederates and the storming of Shuri Castle,

On April 1st, 1945, over 500,000 soldiers and marines of the 10th Army invaded Okinawa with the intent of wresting control of the islands from the Japanese Army. The fighting was fierce and bloody, lasting 82 days.  One key strategic point in Okinawa was Shuri castle, and ancient fortification dating back to the Middle Ages. The Japanese had occupied the castle and were using it as a headquarters.

On May 29th, Major General Del Valle ordered the 5th Marine regiment, commanded by Capt. Julius Dusenberg to storm the castle. After a short but fierce battle, the marines wrested control of the castle from the Japanese.  Like the capture of Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima, it was time to raise the colors over their hard won castle. However, the flag raising that occurred next was nothing like flag raising at Iwo Jima.

Capt. Dusenberg, a native South Carolinian, produced a Confederate battle flag from his helmet, which was raised above the Medieval Ryukyuan castle to the shrieks of rebel yells. One Marine (a New Englander) who witnessed the flag raising remarked, “What does he want now? Should we sing ‘Dixie?’”. If ever there was an inspiration for a Harry Turtledove alternative history novel, this would be it.

The Star and Bars flew over Shuri Castle for two days before it was replaced with the Stars and Stripes. The flag was presented to 10th Army commander Lt. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr., whose father was Gen. Simon Buckner Sr., famous for surrendering Fort Donelson to Grant during the Civil War.

HBO War Book Masterlist

(because @liebgotitty asked for it)
eta: I’ve now bolded which ones I’ve read.

Band of Brothers

  • Band of Brothers - Stephen Ambrose
  • Parachute Infantry : An American Paratrooper’s Memoir of D-Day and the Fall of the Third Reich - David Kenyon Webster
  • Beyond Band of Brothers - Dick Winters & Cole Kingseed
  • Conversations With Major Dick Winters - Cole Kingseed
  • Biggest Brother : The Life of Major Dick Winters, the Man Who Led the Band of Brothers - Larry Alexander
  • Easy Company Soldier : The Legendary Battles of a Sergeant from World War II’s “Band of Brothers” - Don Malarkey & Bob Welch
  • Brothers In Battle – Best of Friends : Two WWII Paratroopers from the Original Band of Brothers Tell Their Story - Robyn Post, Bill Guarnere & Babe Heffron
  • Call Of Duty : My Life Before, During, and After the Band of Brothers - Lynn “Buck” Compton & Marcus Brotherton
  • We Who Are Alive & Remain : Untold Stories from the Band of Brothers - Marcus Brotherton
  • A Company Of Heroes : Personal Memories About The Real Band of Brothers And The Legacy They Left Us - Marcus Brotherton
  • Shifty’s War : The Authorized Biography of Sgt. Darrell “Shifty” Powers, the Legendary Sharpshooter from the Band of Brothers - Marcus Brotherton
  • Silver Eagle : The Official Biography of “Band of Brothers” Veteran Clancy Lyall - Ronald Ooms & Clancy Lyall
  • In The Footsteps of the Band of Brothers : A Return to Easy Company’s Battlefields with Sergeant Forrest Guth - Larry Alexander
  • Airborne : The Combat Story of Ed Shames - Ian Gardner
  • Hell’s Highway : A Chronicle of the 101st Airborne in the Holland Campaign, September-November 1944 - George E. Koskimaki
  • Battered Bastards of Bastogne : The 101st Airborne - George E. Koskimaki

The Pacific

  • The Pacific - Hugh Ambrose
  • Red Blood Black Sand : Fighting Alongside John Basilone from Boot Camp to Iwo Jima - Chuck Tatum
  • Helmet For My Pillow : The World War Two Pacific Classic - Robert Leckie
  • Strong Men Armed : The United States Marines Against Japan - Robert Leckie
  • Challenge for the Pacific : Guadalcanal: The Turning Point of the War - Robert Leckie
  • Okinawa : The Last Battle of World War II - Robert Leckie
  • With The Old Breed : At Peleliu and Okinawa - E.B. Sledge
  • China Marine : An Infantryman’s Life After World War II - E.B. Sledge
  • You’ll Be Sor-ree : A Guadalcanal Marine Remembers the Pacific War - Sid Phillips
  • Islands of the Damned : A Marine at War in the Pacific - R.V. Burgin & Bill Marvel

Generation Kill

  • Generation Kill : Devil Dogs, Iceman, Captain America and The Face of Modern War - Evan Wright
  • One Bullet Away : The Making of a US Marine Officer - Nathaniel Fick
  • Hero Living : Seven Strides to Awaken Your Infinite Power - Rudy Reyes

Masters Of The Air/The Mighty Eighth

  • Masters Of The Air : America’s Bomber Boys Who Fought The Air War Against Nazi Germany - Donald L. Miller

Get reading!

The Pacific books masterpost

 The Pacific by Hugh Ambrose

Books written by/about  the veterans:

Books written by those who served with them/ Compilations of stories:

Some books on the different battles featured if you want more information on them:

‘Andrew Garfield on Faith, Politics and the Making of Hacksaw Ridge’ 
by Sam Lansky

Andrew Garfield is radiant. This may be particularly noticeable because we’re having breakfast at the upscale vegan restaurant Café Gratitude in Venice, Calif., which is the epicenter of wellness culture in Los Angeles, crowded with surfers and yogis smiling beatifically on a sunlit patio. But it’s not just the environment—out of Garfield pours the easy charm of someone who’s done powerful soul-searching and found enlightenment. It’s an infectious energy.

It’s also probably not a surprise, given that the actor, 33, stars in two back-to-back films this winter, in each of which he plays men spurred by faith to do the unimaginable. First, there’s Mel Gibson’s Hacksaw Ridge (out Nov. 4), in which Garfield gives an awards-worthy performance as conscientious objector Desmond Doss, a Seventh-Day Adventist who served as a medic during World War II in the gruesome Battle of Okinawa, though he refused to carry a weapon. The film makes Doss’ heroism feel intimate and deeply personal; the film’s violence is harrowing, but it’s anchored by Garfield’s sensitive, humane performance. Then, on Dec. 23, he stars in Martin Scorsese’s Silence, in which he plays a 17th-century Jesuit priest who travels to Japan to minister to outlawed Christians.

These projects have led Garfield on a journey of spiritual discovery and self-interrogation; reflecting on his recent work, he is philosophical but not at all self-serious. We talked about God, Mel Gibson and the presidential election.

TIME: What drew you to the character of Desmond Doss?

Andrew Garfield: First, it was beautifully written. The character was so compelling—it was one of those stories that rang a bell inside me. I’m pretty good at saying no to things, at discerning between what I’m supposed to do and what I’m not supposed to do. With this one I felt compelled enough that I knew my drive to do it would supersede any doubt I had about myself being able to do it. If the longing to do it goes beyond my self-doubt, then I’m in.

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