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On 25 July, the Union of Polish Patriots, in a broadcast from Moscow, stated: “The Polish Army of Polish Patriots … calls on the thousands of brothers thirsting to fight, to smash the foe before he can recover from his defeat … Every Polish homestead must become a stronghold in the struggle against the invaders … Not a moment is to be lost.”

theguardian.com
Donald Malarkey dies aged 96
The second world war veteran was a member of Easy Company, whose recollections of fighting Nazi in Europe were later dramatized for HBO

Donald Malarkey, a Second World War soldier who was awarded the Bronze Star after parachuting behind enemy lines at Normandy to destroy German artillery on D-day, has died. He was 96.

Malarkey was one of several members of Easy Company to be portrayed in the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers. He died on Saturday in Salem, Oregon, of age-related causes, his son-in-law John Hill said on Sunday.

Malarkey fought across France, the Netherlands and Belgium and with Easy Company fought off Nazi advances while surrounded at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944.

He was often praised for his actions during the war. In 2009, he was presented with the Légion d’Honneur – the highest honor awarded by the French government.

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The Judas Goat,

In shepherding a Judas Goat is a special goat picked to lead other goats to the slaughterhouse. Judas Goat’s have also been used to attract herds of feral goats for culling.  During World War II a Judas Goat was a special bomber used to help wings of bombers, often from different airfields, to get into formation before flying towards a target. The planes employed to act as Judas Goat’s were mostly worn out bombers no longer suitable for combat. They were painted in bright colors with noticeable patterns such as zig zags, polka dots, or checker board patterns in order to be easily recognized by other bombers.  Once the fleet of bombers was in proper formation, the Judas Goat would return home, leaving the rest of the bombers to complete  the bombing run.

Photos from Operation Haudegen

Being able to make accurate weather predictions is important for modern warfare. During World War II, Germany set up a number of weather stations throughout the arctic, even clandestinely setting up an unmanned station as far as the Canadian Arctic. On the 9th of September of 1944 eleven German soldiers arrived by submarine at Svalbard, a remote chain of islands a short distance from the North Pole.

Called Operation Haudegen, the men set up a weather station and sent daily weather reports to Germany. For a year the man of Operation Haudegen were forced to bear loneliness, harsh arctic weather, 23 hours a day of daylight or 23 hours a day of night depending on the season, and boredom. As the war raged in Europe and the Third Reich collapsed, they became more isolated as they were forgotten by the German government. Finally on September 4th, 1945, they were rescued by a crew of Norwegian fishermen, four months after the German surrender. They became known as they last German soldiers to surrender after World War II.

The following photos are from the archives of Lt. Dr. William Dege, commander of the Haudegen expedition. He is the man with the beard and glasses.