world war i era

“Sanitize” and World-building in the Warring Clan Era

So. I have a new-ish fic titled Sanitize which I recently updated. It’s about OC-Insert in the Warring Clan era, one who I made some choices which I feel I should elaborate on.

  • Crossbows: Yeah, I ended up doing a fair amount of research about this. Canonwise, Kishimoto explicitly excluded guns but was silent about crossbows, so… I took some liberties. They were used extensively in China and were invented there around 4th century BCE. Though crossbows didn’t get much traction in Japan, I’ve based Naruto-verse on a variety of different cultures. Story-wise, I’ve made crossbows somewhat common in Lightning and Earth but rare in Fire. They’ll play a small role in the story, but it won’t be like they’ll go around shooting ninja, haha.
  • Stethoscopes: The first stethoscope was invented by a doctor in the 1800s because he was uncomfortable with putting his ear on female patient’s chests. Yup. So he used a rolled-up tube of paper, which worked pretty well, and things spiraled from there. Hence Yui using a thin, carved wooden tube as a makeshift one.
  • Bandits and Rounin: I know it’s a trope for bandit attacks, but it’s one that has a fair amount of grounding in history, haha. They’re a pretty documented phenomenon, though it’s not just the “attack-and-rob town” kind but also the “illegitimate toll” kind. The bandits in this one are also rounin, aka rogue samurai, so they have been trained in chakra-use. It makes preying on trade-routes to be even easier. Ninja may be the boogeymen, but rounin are reviled (even if they have good reasons).

I think I was going to mention a little more, but I forgot. Well, if it comes to mind, I’ll make a post. Thanks for reading.

By the way, I visited the Star Wars and the Power of Costume traveling exhibit a while back, and ran across this little gem.

[Image description: A photograph of a museum placard. It reads:

Jedi Robes, 1999
Episode I: The Phantom Menace

Vintage wool from World War II era

Doused with water during filming, the vintage wool fabric of Obi-Wan’s cloak began to shrink—shortening to near knee length in minutes. This meant using—and ruining—a new cloak for every take.”]

Look, I’m not saying there’s a correlation between Ewan McGregor’s robe situation in TPM and Obi-Wan’s tendency to lose his robes later in the series, but I’m not saying there isn’t one either. ;-)


So when I was watching Wonder Woman I wondered why Dr. Poison had that weird Phantom of the Opera thing going on with her face. I figured it was just something they made up to make her seem creepier. But I did some research and apparently it was actually closely based on World War I era facial prosthetics used to cover up disfigurements such as burns and shrapnel wounds.

“Wonder Woman” (1918) - Finally got a chance to see the new Wonder Woman movie on Monday and felt inspired to create a poster connected to the era in which the story was set - World War I. Based on silent film poster stylings of the late nineteen-teens, specifically the WWI film Over The Top.

Creepypasta #1078: I Found Something Impossible In My Backyard

Length: Long

In my backyard, we have a koi pond. It’s been kind of a never-ending project of mine and my wife’s, something we’ve put a lot of time, effort, and money into in the 3 years we’ve lived in our house. A few weeks ago, we decided to extend it some, and I finally got started on what needed to be done to do that last week. I started digging. After about 3 hours I’d dug a good amount of the area I needed to out, and was about 4 feet down in this particular spot when I hit something. Whatever it was, it was metal.

I continued digging, looking for an edge of whatever this was, and I found it. I followed the edge around as I kept digging, and it turned out to be a square with a handle on top, and two hinges on one side. I pulled up on the handle, but I couldn’t get it open. I figured it was a chest or case of some kind, so I dug around the sides of it, but no matter how far I dug, it just kept going. I finally came to the conclusion that it was a hatch of some sort, perhaps a bomb shelter. When we bought the house, there had been no mention of a bomb shelter there, nor had there ever been mention of it in the history of the house.

I dug an area around the hatch so I could more easily get to the top. After a few hours, a night of sleep, and a few more hours the next day of blowtorches, drills, and hammers, I finally got the hatch open.

As soon as I pulled the door off, I was was hit with a wave of foul odor. The smell was stale and putrid, and was like a mixture of rotten eggs, spoiled milk, and a group of dead skunks. After taking a moment to catch my breath, I finally was able to hold it while I looked inside. There was a ladder that led downwards probably about 20 feet, and I could just barely make a out a floor with the sunlight provided. I went to my garage and got a dust mask, hoping it would at least mask the smell some, and grabbed a flashlight.

I began my descent down the ladder while my wife stayed up top, curiously observing. The smell only worsened the further down I got, and the mask was doing next to nothing to offset it. I stopped several times on the way down, warding off the urge to vomit. Finally, I think I just got used to it enough to not gag with every breath I took. I made it to the bottom, and there was a small corridor to the left, past which was a large room.

Just as I had suspected, it looked like a fallout shelter. There were two rows of shelving units that once held non-perishable foods, almost all of which were gone. I found a light switch on the wall next to me, which I turned on. To my surprise, rows of fluorescent lights lit up, allowing me to see the entire area. 

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WWII Firearms in Iraq Part 3

Part 1 // Part 2

In the 2003 invasion of Iraq and subsequent occupation by American forces, history wormed its way into the hands of insurgents, who used whatever weapons they could lay hands on to fight the invaders. It was not uncommon to find firearms better suited for the museum than the battlefield.

Webley Revolver. And some other revolvers I don’t know. The Webley was the British Empire’s workhorse revolver, serving in multiple incarnations and variants from 1887 all the way to 1963. Considering Britain’s considerable colonial presence in Iraq, it’s not surprising some Webleys were lost.

Beretta Model 1938. Plus a flintlock something to the left. The Beretta Model 1938 was Italy’s primary SMG during World War II and derived from the World War I era Villars Perosa. The Model 1938 was arguably Italy’s most successful and effective small arm of the war, being well liked by its users. This is the Mod 4 version, identifiable by its wooden butt-stock.

Rifle, Anti-Tank, .55in, Boys. British anti-tank rifle of WWII, the Boys was single shot, bolt-action and fired a .55 round which could penetrate up to 23mm of armor plating. The weapon was heavy, cumbersome and had enough recoil to break a person’s shoulder.

“They were smart and sophisticated, with an air of independence about them, and so casual about their looks and clothes and manners as to be almost slapdash. I don’t know if I realized as soon as I began seeing them that they represented the wave of the future, but I do know I was drawn to them. I shared their restlessness, understood their determination to free themselves of the Victorian shackles of the pre-World War I era and find out for themselves what life was all about.” -Colleen Moore on flappers

y’all ‘analyse’ harry potter in a manner so divorced from its original (british class-system, post thatcher-era, tail-end of HIV/AIDS crisis, living memory of world war I/II-era) context you would all fail the Fuck out of a first-year literature class

NBC says 'Downton Abbey' movie production to start in 2018

SINGAPORE — A “Downton Abbey” movie is in the works, with production likely to begin in 2018, an NBCUniversal executive said Wednesday.

Michael Edelstein, president at NBCUniversal International Studios, said it hopes to assemble 20 cast members from the popular TV series.

“There’s a movie in the works. It’s been in the works for some time,” Edelstein said in Singapore at a red-carpet event for “Downton Abbey: The Exhibition,” which features costumes, locations and never-before-seen footage from the TV show. The exhibition opened in the city-state last week and ends July 31.

“We are working on getting the script right and then we’ve got to figure out how to get the (cast) together. Because as you know, people go on and do other things. But we’re hopeful to make a movie sometime next year,” Edelstein said.

Cast members at the exhibition said they were not aware of the movie. “Oh, well, you’ve got confirmation before us. We have no idea if that’s happening,” said Sophie McShera, who played assistant cook Daisy Mason. “But we would all love to be part of the film if it was to happen, for sure.”

Laura Carmichael, who played Lady Edith Crawley in the series, quipped: “Well, tell my agent, because we’re still waiting to know. We’re hoping that will happen soon.”

Emmy-winning writer and creator Julian Fellowes also said he hoped a film would be made. “I think we’ve got a film in us. I hope it happens,” he said.

“Downton Abbey,” which concluded in 2015, portrays the lives of the aristocratic Crawley family in England and their servants amid the backdrop of such historical events as the sinking of the Titanic and World War I. It has become one of the most popular TV shows in the world, airing in at least 150 countries.

Fans lined the red carpet at Singapore’s Marina Bay Sands on Wednesday to catch a glimpse of the stars. Student Jessica Nobleza, 15, held up a sign that read, “You helped us pass history.”

“When I got into the show, it was kind of exam period. And season one and two involves World War I, and how it affected the whole era,” she explained.

The “Downton Abbey” exhibition is to travel to the U.S. and Australia at a later date.

Annabelle Liang, The Associated Press


Forgotten World War II — The Battle of Lake Khasan

Technically the Battle of Lake Khasan was not a World War II battle, rather one of the many events leading up to WWII in the 1930’s, what I would call part of the World War II era.  After the Japanese occupation of Manchura and parts of China, tensions between the Empire of Japan and Soviet Union began to rise.  One major bone of contention had to do with border disputes. Small skirmishes and incidents between border guards and soldiers became common, and it was clear that a conflict was brewing.  In early 1938 the Japanese Government began to accuse the Soviet Union of tampering with border  markers along the border between China and the Khasansky District.  Fearing that the Japanese were up to no good, the Soviet Red Army began fortifying the high ground west of Lake Khasan, located around 130 km southwest of Vladivostok.  Unfortunately for them, the Japanese intercepted and decoded Soviet messages, and decided to respond in force.

Only July 29th, 1938 around 7,000 troops of the Japanese 19th Division crossed the border and engaged Soviet forces, at one point successfully surrounding and annihilating 300 Soviet soldiers and repelling 300 others.  At first the Soviet defenders were forced to fall back under the onslaught.  However by August 2nd, Soviet reinforcements would begin pouring into the region.  Over the next week around 23,000 Soviet soldiers, 350 tanks, 230 artillery, and 250 aircraft.  With overwhelming force, the Soviets answered with a massive and powerful counterattack.  The Japanese were especially at a disadvantage, with only 37 artillery pieces, no tanks, and no aircraft.  One Japanese artillery officer noted that the Soviets fired more shells in a day than what the Japanese did during the entire battle. 

By August 9th, Japanese forces began to break under the Soviet counterattack.  On August 10th, the Japanese sued for peace, and the fighting stopped on August 11th.  Japanese forces lost 526 men, with another 1,000 wounded.  While the Soviets were victorious, they suffered terrible casualties, with 792 killed, over 3,000 wounded, and 46 tanks destroyed.  Because of the high casualties, the Soviet commander, Vasily Blyukher, was tortured and executed by the NKVD during Stalin’s purges.

The Battle of Lake Khasan would not be the last incident between the Soviets and Japanese. A year later, the Japanese Kwantung Army would attempt a massive full scale invasion of Soviet allied Mongolia.  During the Battle of Khalkin Gol, at least 100,000 men total took part in the battle.  In the end the Soviet Army dealt the Japanese Army a devastating thumping, convincing the Japanese that they should steer clear of further conflict with the Soviet Union.

anonymous asked:

Hey there! I wanted to say that I think this blurb night's twist is super interesting and fun!! Also could I request a world war era solider blurb with Remus please? Maybe something about his girl will always wait for him to come home? Thanks so much!! Can't wait to read what you have in store for us :)

Thank you! Hope you like it!


You and Remus swayed gently to soft static-laced music drifting through the living room.

Your face was buried in the crook of his neck as you tried to memorize his scent. The way he always smelled like chocolate and old books. A hint of cheap cologne lingering on his skin. 

“What are you thinking about, love?” Remus asked softly.

“You,” you murmured, your words warm against his skin. “Whether you’ll come back to me or not.”

“Hey,” he hushed, a finger lifting your chin so that your eyes would meet his. “I’ll always come back to you.”

“How can you be so sure?” you asked, your voice wavering. Remus had become easily the most important person in your life and the thought of him going off to war was almost too much for you to bear. 

He gave you a charming, boyish grin, the one that had you falling head over heels for him from the moment you first encountered it. 

“Nothing can keep me away from you. Not bullets. Or grenades. Definitely not this fucking war. Nothing, you hear me, sweetheart?”

You nodded, a small smile gracing your face. 

“I promise, (Y/N), I will come back to you,” he assured, pressing his chapped lips to yours. 

You melted into him and relished in the familiar taste of his minty breath. 

“You better, Lupin,” you breathed against his mouth. 

He pulled away briefly before assaulting your cheeks with chaste kisses which led to a symphony of bell-like giggles leaving your lips. 

Originally posted by dysmorfofobia

I’ve gotten complaints about this, and I chose to ignore them, but I’m having a week and this reply made my eye twitch, as I was reminded of the others like it. 

Notice how it says “America” in the description? 

Yes, there’s a reason for that. 

WWII was an era. An era where women in America started taking over the work force as their husbands, brothers, fathers and uncles went overseas, which is what the aesthetic strictly focuses on. The setting for this aesthetic is AMERICA in WORLD WAR II. There are no guns, no tanks, no Nazi’s marching, no concentration camps. The forties, all together, were not linear. America looked different in the era of wwii than it did in a post wwii era.

The aesthetic focuses on something specific, as the war spanned across the globe. I’m sure this aesthetic would look a lot more different had I put in Germany, Japan, Russia, France, or even England instead of America. Imagine the shit storm if I done that.

It’s not just the 40s. It’s specific years within the 40s.

It’s world war ii. That’s what the era is called. If I wanted to simply do the 40s, I would have put “Post WWII”, but it’s not. Because there is a huge difference between the two. And whether you like it or not, something war related would have been depicted in this aesthetic if I had gone the pc route, because WWII was a MASSIVE part of the 40s. That’s the key word when people think back to the 40s.

The funniest part about people complaining about this one is that y’all did not bat an eye when I did the Great Depression (a request, btw), which actually uses real pictures of the Depression. While I do enjoy controversial art pieces, I was scared to post that one! But I have yet to hear one complaint about it. At least none as loud as the ones that pop up on my feed.

The thing that I enjoy about my aesthetics is being able to tell a story with only using pictures. The Era Aesthetics gave me a unique opportunity to display symbolism, and storytelling together, for eras that I had always found interesting, not for the style, but simply what these images remind me of. It makes me feel something. I started that series for myself. I started with eras and countries that I always had an interested in, and then with the amount of enjoyment I had making these visual stories actually made me open up requests, which I never do. 

But the amount of complaining I get, and nitpicking and bellyaching is making this entire series almost feel not worth it. I can deal with people not liking how I depicted their zodiac sign, or how they dont like who i used to play as a greek god. But the alt-right, pc, sjw, history snob people that have sunk their teeth into this, sending me asks, replying to my posts….. It’s exhausting. It’s annoying. I get reblogging and posting your opinion. you have the right to do that on your blog, as I have a right to reblog your reply and come back with a sassy remark, because that’s what I do.

What’s annoying is the replies. it’s the asks. it’s the messages. Because that is the intent of contacting me directly, as if your disapproval of what I made is going to change anything. It’s not. If what I made doesn’t tickle your fancy, if what I made makes you uncomfortable, there are things you can do. Like ignoring it. Use tag blockers. I tag each of my series very specific tags. You can block the image url itself! You can block me! That’s the only way to solve your problems. Otherwise, I’m not going to delete what I’ve made. I’m not going to change it, unless there is a good enough reason for me to do those things. 

Overall, im done with this. This is my last statement over the criticisms for this series. After im done the last requests, I’m no longer doing anymore. I have other projects in mind, and I’m not taking any more requests for any of them. At all. I’m just gonna do what I originally did when I started making these.

 Do it for myself. 

Back On Top: Costuming Patti Lupone in “War Paint”, Part I

My post about Roman Holiday earlier this week should give you some idea of the admiration I hold for Catherine Zuber as a costumer and as a designer. This season, she was nominated for a Tony in one of my favorite productions of the year, War Paint. This is a classically structured musical that uses jazzy numbers to tell the story of Helena Rubinstein and Elizabeth Arden, the two fierce rivals who basically invented the modern cosmetics industry. Costuming each of these women required a unique take, and  as such I’m going to devote two posts to the main characters in the musical, one apiece.

The first up (sure to please fellow Patti Lupone fans like @sadgirlz4patti ) is the indomitable Helena Rubinstein, who built an international cosmetics empire in the first half of the 20th century, battling anti-immigrant and anti-semitic sentiment, let alone sexism, to find her slice of American success. For a spitfire personality like her, there was only one choice the casting director could make: the divine Patti Lupone. But costuming one of Broadway’s most famous (or even infamous!) divas is a major challenge, not only because Ms Lupone has (well-deserved) high standards, but because she has a petite figure that demands special consideration by the costumer selected for the production.

Catherine Zuber was clearly inspired by the era during which Madame Rubinstein was most active and in which the musical is set: the 1920s through 1950s or so. As such, there are a number of wardrobe changes, and we can see the evolution of fashion in them. Because this is not a general fashion blog, I’m going to present these images and analyses thematically rather than chronologically; this is about the skill and artistry of Ms Zuber, not necessarily a history of the fashion industry.

The first costume I want to look at is one that has already become an iconic representation of the Rubinstein part in this musical, her purple outfit with matching hat:

The first word that comes to mind when I see this costume is “dramatic,” and with good reason. When dealing with a personality as big as Madame Rubinstein, the costumes have to match–but at the same time, they need to make sense with the actress and the part being played. Here, we see Ms Zuber using a variety of fabrics in order to make a maximum impact, and doing something we didn’t see a lot of in my other reviews: accessorizing! Yes, when dealing with costumery, a lot of attention has to be paid to the accessories, and we’ll look at those shirtly.

This outfit is a kind of skirtsuit when looked at from a distance, designed to look formal but businesslike, and still intended to leave an impression. For that reason, Ms Zuber has used three varied shades of bright purples: one for the body of the jacket, one for the satin blouse underneath, and a third shade for the hat which is close to that of the jacket, but different enough to allow it to be worn with a different colored outfit. The jacket is the most prominent piece of the ensemble, and is designed to stick out. Have a look at this other Playbill with some greater detail:

The jacket has some gold braiding and filigree work, which is a distinction we can draw from Linda Cho’s work in Anastasia. The braiding work is heavier, thicker, and designed to look visually impressive, putting one in mind of curtain ties and grand cords at some luxury hotel, holding back heavy drapery. While elegant in styling, they add some heft to the jacket and allow it to lay flat on Ms Lupone, especially given the jacket appears to be constructed from a rather light fabric; this is not unusual for pieces that are designed to be worn as part of a layered costume, since a heavier fabric would run the risk of the wearer overheating under stage lighting–not a good situation for any performance!

The jacket is unusual to the modern eye, as we can see from the first still: it’s meant to go below the knee, almost in a robe-like fashion. This is not unexpected with Madame Rubinstein’s character; a native of Eastern Europe, she would have preferred something that flowed even once she was an Australian and later American success. But the decoration doesn’t continue below the bust, unlike in some other costumes I’ve reviewed. Is that a feature or a bug?

To my mind, it’s a feature. Ms Zuber wants attention to be directed upwards on Ms Lupone’s body–as I mentioned earlier, she is quite petite, which means that you do not want people to be looking up and down the entire time (especially, as I’ll explain in a future post, when she is next to Christine Ebersole, her co-star for the production). By only accenting the top of the jacket, Ms Zuber keeps the audience’s attention where it belongs: near the actress’ face, while still giving off a wealthy, flashy feeling through the accents. This is furthered by the satin blouse and skirt underneath, which are a simple cut designed to allow the jacket to be the defining article of clothing in this scene.

As promised, however, we have to also look at the accessories. I’ll start at the top, because the hats that Ms Zuber produced are truly par excellence. Millinery (the formal term for hat-making) is a notoriously tricky art, all the more so in a theatre setting. Costumes have to be designed to take some abuse given the number of changes that are gone through in the course of an average show. Hats often suffer the most, so they need to be made to be durable. 

This one is relatively simple, as compared to the one I did a mini-review of earlier. It’s a simple velvet semi-conical cap designed to give Ms Lupone a bit more height on the stage, as well as match the outfit, and looks like something you absolutely could have scene on a fashionista of the Second World War era (as I’ve noted before, I could see this also being in my grandmother’s closet around that time, were she in a position to buy something this fine). The decoration of the hat is simple and understated: a simple gold fanned badge which matches the roping and accenting on the jacket, as well as the brooch on the right shoulder. It’s understated, but I think that it works here. When you costume a presence like Patti Lupone, you need to be cognizant that your costume can’t outshine the star. And here, Ms Zuber has succeeded.

Other outfits worn by the Madame Rubinstein character throughout the musical also display some of Ms Zuber’s eye for color and design. Here is one that is relatively simply colored, but complex in terms of texture and fabric:

Blue and white is a classic combination, and the choice to use an extremely light, almost gray blue to offset the white here is an interesting one. I’m not entirely sold (for once!) that it was the right way to go, but I can see why Ms Zuber made that decision. It blends with the background and scenery in the scene where this costume is featured, so it’s defensible, but I tend to prefer costumes where the accents are just a bit more pronounced. I do see that the under-layer of the dress is also a pale blue, but in this case I think a stronger accent color might have been a better contrast.

The body of the dress, however, is absolutely gorgeous. I’m not entirely sure on the fabric here, but it’s wonderfully light and sheer, with a lacy pattern throughout that puts one in mind, perhaps, of a spider’s web–in a good way. After all, this is a musical about figures who voraciously consumed their competition and built something remarkable. The weblike pattern on the gown itself is done with a delicate touch, which gives it the appearance of expense and quality without being overdone. What I really like is that, from a distance, the detail work would not be instantly apparent; instead, it would appear to help the dress float in air as Ms Lupone moves around, either on the settee or as she entered or exited the scene.

Given how long this post is, I’m going to close it here with some general commentary on the costumes worn by the Helena Rubinstein character, and I’ll do a separate post on the jewelry and the Blue Outfit I teased the other day; I think it’s better to break it up a little bit and give everyone a reason to keep reading!

Overall, costuming a star like Patti Lupone is not an easy task, but Ms Zuber’s choices are almost all perfect from my perspective. She has a happy talent for color matching and mixing as well as a masterful knowledge of color and an ability to balance the figure and stature of the star with her designs. Overall, I have to say that the Tony nomination was extraordinarily well-deserved, and I think that in another year, Ms Zuber would have added another award to her trophy case.

Next up for the blog: Ms Lupone’s jewelry and accessories, including a look at the Blue Hat and outfit in more depth than I was able to give them in my comment earlier in the week.

Watch this space!

anonymous asked:

I daydream in early 1940s gay romance. Do you have any books/poems/movies etc to recommend? Gay authors and themes are a plus, but as long as it isn't heavy in heteronormity I'm looking for anything. Male friendship or brotherhood works too. Thanks you !!

most of the gay and/or war era novels i read are from pre-world war ii (i.e. regeneration, maurice, brideshead revisited, all quiet on the western front, etc.) and the majority of the vintage films that i watch are silents, so this list was harder for me to make. but it was a good challenge! the 1940s is such a neat aesthetic era for gay romance, so i can see why you for love it :)


  • the charioteer by mary renault (fiction written by a lesbian about a gay male love triangle during wwii, highly recommend it)
  • gay new york by george chauncey (non-fiction, written by a gay man, chronicles 1900s pre stonewall new york gay history, has my 1920s and your 1940s too)
  • i’m a lil embarrassed to rec this but there’s a captain america fanfic called the thirteen letters which follows repressed gay bucky barnes as he fights in world war ii but it’s my favorite fic of all time and it fits your criteria so



i don’t really have films/shows to rec, so if you guys have any, feel free to reblog and add those to the list!