new words together in your
of speech, the same pronunciation, the same topic area, etc).
of relationships between what you
already know and new things you
me it is for instance hond-hund (nl-no) ).
idioms or phrases in your
mind, or draw them, to help remember. Try to see the spelling before your
diagrams or semantic maps (word
maps, webs of words)
to arrange key words visually on paper.
a new foreign word by a crazy association with a known word
(camarera = a
with a camera).
rhymes to remember new words.
(colored) flashcards to remember new English words (idea:
part of speech OR
language if you are learning more than 1 language at the same time)
to remember, physically act out new verbs.
aloud or write new English words repeatedly [When
I was a 4th
grader I couldn’t remember ‘chicken’ word so I wrote this word
20 times. Not only I remember I did such thing but also when I close
my eyes I see this piece of paper with 3 lines of chicken word –
but this is only for hardcore learning I guess, can’t imagine
learning every word like this ;) )
Copy, rewrite new language items
to practice writing.
recorded language to imitate a native speaker’s way of speaking.
to use whole ready-made phrases fluently (Nice
to see you too! What a shame!).
With new structures, try to
make analogous (similar) sentences based on a model.
Consciously try to use the words
you know in different combinations to make new sentences.
Start conversations in your
target language whenever you are around a native speaker.
to out-of-class language events (search
for language club in your city maybe?).
Get involved in any
class activities that require writing or speaking spontaneously in
the language you are learning (not working if you are a
a monolingual dictionary
other kinds of resources (a picture dictionary, a dictionary of
thematic /vocabulary books for your
for words in your
own language that are similar to new words in the
language you are learning.
to find patterns, regularities in grammar.
out the meaning of a word by dividing it into parts (prefixes and
suffixes) that you
comparisons between languages
(e.g. German vs
notes / summaries of new information that you
hear or read in your
Even when you
terribly sure whether it is correct to say something in a given way,
take risk to try!
unfamiliar words, make guesses from the linguistic context and clues
must be a negative word, this must be the name of an illness).
new and difficult language material, make guesses from the situation
(in a film), pictures (in a magazine), gestures, tone of voice in a
When you are
writing a new word in your notebook, also write a sentence where this word is used.
Personally I was too lazy to do it but when I finally started it
helped me a lot.
different ways of learning and revise, revise, revise…
Heavy words hang around me every time I look at you, those words restrained by thin web of not wanting to hurt you.
But I want to scream all the questions.
Why didn’t you?
Why couldn’t you?
Why won’t you?
How can you be so indifferent?
Why? why? why? How can you live like I don’t exist while for me only you exist? Why am I hurting myself over and over knowing you would never take a simple effort? Why does it still hurt after so many months?