Vigdís Finnbogadóttir (b. 1930) was the first and only female president of Iceland, and the first democratically elected female President in the world. With sixteen years as president, from 1980 to 1996, she is also the longest-serving elected female head of state.
Her presidency was the culmination of significant efforts to improve women’s rights in the country, and was influenced by the 1975 general strike, when 90% of Iceland’s women refused to work. She was so popular she was re-elected three times. She is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, and the founder of the Council of Women World Leaders.