women of 1798

On This Day: May 24

International Women’s Day for Disarmament

  • 1798: The United Irishmen Movement begins against British rule, influenced by French and American revolutions.
  • 1856: Pottawatomie Massacre - John Brown and supporters kill five pro-slavery settlers in Kansas part of violent runup to Civil War.
  • 1894: Cripple Creek miners’ strike begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • 1906: British suffragist Dora Montefiore refuses to pay taxes and barricades house against bailiffs in protesting for women’s vote.
  • 1917: Mass anti-conscription protests in Montreal’s Victory Square.
  • 1918: All Canadian women over 21 win the right to vote in federal elections regardless of whether they can vote provincially.
  • 1921: The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti began.
  • 1940: Stalinist agents attempt to assassinate Leon Trotsky in Mexico for the first time.
  • 1949: UAW labour leader Victor Reuther, organizer during Flint GM plant sit-down strikes, shot and wounded at his home in Detroit.
  • 1961: Freedom Riders arrested right after arriving in Jackson, Mississippi, as they entered whites-only bus station waiting room.
  • 1968: At Stockholm University, students occupied their Student Union Building at Holländargatan until the 27th to send a political message to the government.
  • 1968: Louisville Riots: After a claim of police brutality, police and thousands of National Guard confront rioting protesters and looters. Two black teens die before order is restored.
  • 1968: Four protesters sentenced in Baltimore to 6 years in prison for pouring blood over draft records during Vietnam War.
  • 1968: In midst of national strikes and protests, French President de Gaulle asks nation to “back me or sack me”
  • 1971: Twenty-nine US soldiers sign anti-war newspaper advert in North Carolina.
  • 1980: Over a thousands are arrested during an occupation of nuclear power plant construction site in Seabrook, New Hampshire.
  • 1981: International Women’s Day for Disarmament declared. Calls for end to horror and devastation of armed conflict.
  • 1987: Romanian anarchist Eugen Relgis dies in Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • 1990: Judi Bari and Darryl Cherney of Earth First! car bombed in Oakland, CA. Police sabotage case and witch hunt local activist groups.
  • 1992: Thai dictator General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.
  • 2000: Israeli troops finish withdrawal from southern Lebabnon, ending 18 years of occupation.
  • 2012: Quebec Student Strike: The “Casseroles” series of nightly protests had rapidly expanded to most Montreal residential neighbourhoods outside of the usual protest routes.
  • 2015: Death of Morris Beckman, one of the 43 group against Moseley’s fascists during the 1940s.

“The tenth sheet from the set Joshoku kaiko tewaza kusa (Silkworm Culture: The Handiwork of Women), by Kitagawa Utamaro, c. 1798-1800.  Three women are wearing tasuki to protect their sleeves whilst stretching silk floss; the one on the left is turned so that you can see the way the sash is tied in a simple knot at the back.  The other thing that needed protecting when a woman was engaged in any sort of labour-intensive work within the home, or outside of it if she happened to be employed, was her hair. A woman’s hair would be heavily oiled to keep it in place, and if at all possible she’d have wanted to avoid exposing her neatly arranged coiffure to dust, steam, and anything else that might cause it to unravel or become dirty, especially as women at that time would have washed their hair no more than once a month (with combing and oiling done daily). To this end, she would wrap a simple cloth called a tenugui around her head, safeguarding her hairdo in the presence of boiling stock pots, washing tubs, and small insects coming in to land."  Text and image via Gina Collia-Suzuki.