women and gender studies

Emperor's New College

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Just got into Chicago to speak at the American Studies Association conference! Hit me up if you’re in town. 👍
I like to pretend I’m above getting nervous when doing public speaking, but when most people in the audience are a few decades older than you, cis, and tenured, it can still be hard. I’ve done public speaking at least a hundred times but there’s always an underlying aspect of it that can make me worried about my performance. Everybody gets nervous. However, we can remind ourselves that if someone judges you based on your public speaking ability, they’re overlooking what’s really important: what you’re actually saying.

If I’m a Saint, Then You’re Heaven

Summary: Phil is less than excited to start his Sex in the Bible course, but he can’t bring himself to regret it when he meets a gorgeous angel dressed in all pink by the name of Dan.
Word Count: 11,068
Warnings: Lots of religious talk, homophobia, physical fight, smut
A/N: Hey guys! I wrote this because I was tired of people writing a religious fic where Phil continuously tries to get Dan to sin. So this came out, where they both respect each other despite their religious differences (With a dash of sex at the end). If you’re uncomfortable reading smut then no worries! It’s easy to tell when they’re going to get it on and it ends at the ’-’ and is very close to the end (: Lastly, special thanks to @insanityplaysfics for betaing this for me and giving me this entire idea! Also thank you @phandommother for helping me out with the idea as well and listening to me rant about it :’)
Title Creds: Cement - Citizen
Read it on AO3

-

Phil didn’t know why he decided to take the class. None of his friends were taking it and it honestly seemed like a lot of shit that Phil didn’t particularly care about, shit that didn’t really help him with his future career in any way. It seemed like a class that had a lot of reading, reading that Phil would probably never do, and let’s be honest, he probably only took the class because it had the word ‘sex’ in the title.

He walked into his Sex in the Bible class five minutes late on his first day.

The teacher didn’t bat an eye. Heads didn’t turn to look at him. Phil just sauntered in and stood at the back of the lecture room with his backpack slung over one shoulder while he scanned the room for a seat. Sometimes he forgot just how uncaring everyone was in university. He could just walk in ten to twenty minutes late and nobody would give a shit. Especially not in a class where there were over one hundred students.

(He didn’t understand why there were so many students in Sex in the Bible. They probably also just took the class because of the word ‘sex’).

Keep reading

By the end of my first full day with Dorothy Evans and her customers, I had come to realize that although the Smithton women are not accustomed to thinking about what it is in the romance that gives them so much pleasure, they know perfectly well why they like to read. I understood this only when their remarkably consistent comments forced me to relinquish my inadvertent but continuing preoccupation with the text. Because the women always responded to my query about their reasons for reading with comments about the pleasures of the act itself rather than about their liking for the particulars of the romantic plot, I soon realized I would have to give up my obsession with textual features and narrative details if I wanted to understand their view of romance reading. Once I recognized this it became clear that romance reading was important to the Smithton women first because the simple event of picking up a book enabled them to deal with the particular pressures and tensions encountered in their daily round of activities.
— 

Radway, J. A. (1984). Reading the romance: Women, patriarchy, and popular literature. Univ of North Carolina Press.

Before Joanna Russ or Patricia Frazer Lamb and Diana L. Veith had tentatively started writing about Kirk/Spock slash, and before Henry Jenkins or Camille Bacon-Smith had begun their ethnographies of fandom, before fan studies was even a thing, Janice A. Radway sat down with a group of women who avidly read romance novels, trying to understand why. As the quote above indicates, Radway’s initial interest was in romance novels as a textual form: how do they work, what stories do they tell, what messages do they send, and just why are they so damn popular? What she didn’t expect was how deeply romance novels were intertwined with her research participants’ day-to-day lives. She found she couldn’t just focus on the texts - she had to look at the practices of those who read them too. While Reading the Romance isn’t a fan studies work as such, it marked a key shift in cultural studies, from looking at texts alone to looking at what audiences did with texts, from viewing audiences as entirely passive to recognising their agency. This in turn enabled others to start asking the kinds of questions that eventually established fan studies as a field.

(Oh, and the book helped establish popular romance studies as a field too - talk about overachieving! Over the next few weeks I’ll be posting some more quotes from popular romance studies research, partly because a lot of it is fan-centric, and partly because fanfic and romance have quite a lot in common, so understanding one helps with understanding the other.)

I’ll leave you with a quote from one of Radway’s research participants on what happens when she picks up a romance novel: “Because I think men do feel threatened. They want their wife to be in the room with them. And I think my body is in the room but the rest of me is not.”

ID #93216

Name: Abby
Age: 19
Country: USA

I am really bad at small talk, I apologize. I really enjoy reading, writing and crafts. Lately, I’ve been making dream catchers. I’m not religious but I love spirituality and I enjoy the beauty of religion. I am pretty progressive when it comes to politics and while I respect that everyone has the right to believe what they choose, I don’t tolerate hatred, or bigotry. I was a women and gender studies major, and if I go back to school I’ll probably stay in that field. My goal in life is to help women who have been victims of sexual and domestic abuse, and am a survivor of both. I also enjoy holistic healing, including crystals and herbs. I read tarot cards as well and I’m into all things witchy and creepy! Right now, I am hoping to start working soon, and to get a van & live out of it for awhile. I’m kind of a wild card, and I do what I please, within reason, usually.

Preferences: Would prefer a penpal who is 17+, and who is okay with snail mail communication!

Sexist and problematic things in K-Dramas that need to stop
  • Slamming women up against walls
  • Kissing women in their sleep
  • Forcibly kissing a woman when she clearly is trying to pull away
  • Just… kissing women without consent in general
  • Using a woman’s independence/strength/strong-headedness as an unattractive or undesirable aspect of their personality
  • Pitting women against each other because of a man
  • Only having 1-2 female characters, neither of which having any depth to their character and little to no backstory
  • Having the female lead’s mindset be centered around men or getting a man
  • Literally having no young female characters with high up job positions in companies and especially none without family ties
  • Frequently having an evil stepmother role, yet never having an evil stepfather role
  • Mothers constantly pressuring their daughters to get married
  • The gullible, clumsy female troupe
  • Making the female love interest’s problems more the man’s problem rather than her overcoming them herself
  • Over protective and over controlling boyfriends. Especially yelling ones.
  • Female characters giving up their identity or values for a man
  • Every single female character in a drama getting paired off with a guy but not the other way around
  • The women having bizarrely clean and expensive housing that is completely left unexplained and unrealistic to their economic status
  • Having the female lead be completely incompetent and dysfunctional in their work environment

Feel free to add anything I missed~!

Judith Butler (b. 1956) is a philosopher and theorist who has had a great shaping influence on political philosophy, as well as feminist and queer theory. She is a Professor of Literature at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Hannah Arendt Chair at the European Graduate School.

Some of her most famous and significant works are Gender Trouble and Imitation and Gender Insubordination, which challenge traditional notions of gender and sexuality. She has also brought significant contributions to fields such as cultural and performance studies. She has been active in the LGBT rights movement, and served as Chair of the board of the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission.

gender neutral language defaults to masculine, automatically, by virtue of living in an androcentric world

we gain nothing but political correctness when we say police officer instead of policeman, because when we call 911 we will still expect a man to show up at our door

the solution?

“policewoman” “firewoman” “mailwoman” 

if you want to challenge a male-normative language and culture, go the complete opposite direction, default to womanhood!

 and just wait for the trolls’ anger to confirm that men are upset when we don’t default to them

I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church at Cenchreae, that you may welcome her in the Lord in a way worthy of the saints, and help her in whatever she may need from you, for she has been a patron of many and of myself as well. Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, who risked their necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks but all the churches of the Gentiles give thanks as well. Greet also the church in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in Asia. Greet Mary, who has worked hard for you. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.
— 

Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭1-7‬ ESV

This entire passage is an awkward one for Christians who do not permit women to have positions of authority in the church. It is not surprising that this translation, the English Standard Version, obscures the controversy. One of the original reasons the ESV translation project was begun was to create a contemporary translation that emphasized traditional gender roles to compete against the trend toward gender neutrality in other contemporary translations.

Of the first seven persons that Paul mentions by name at the end of his book for commendation or special greeting, four are women.

The first person, Phoebe, a woman, is called “a servant of the church”. This may seem to suggest a menial or unimportant role, until we remember that Paul frequently uses the word “servant” to describe himself in his letters, even right beside the word “apostle”. She is mentioned first, and given a lot of ink compared to many others in the list. Without an application of the belief that her gender would not allow the position, one could easily interpret this commendation and description as a pastoral or preaching role.

“Prisca” and Aquila are named “Priscilla” and Aquila in Acts. In Acts 18:2 (and elsewhere) they are described as married, and Priscilla is called the wife. Whether they pastored the church in their house together, or only hosted, we cannot be sure. However, we do know Priscilla and Aquila are an important couple to Paul in the account of Paul’s ministry in Acts. In Acts 18:26 the two of them together take Apollos* aside and teach him correct doctrine, giving a clear example of a woman in scripture teaching theology to a man, and even a man who would later become a respected minister along with Paul. In that same verse, as here in Romans, Priscilla, the wife, is mentioned first. Paul calls them “fellow workers in Christ”. We know that they, like Paul, made tents, but we also know from Acts 18:26 that they taught scripture together as well. Paul likely regarded them as fellow workers on both accounts, and in so doing called a woman a peer.

The final two sentences are some of the most problematic of any New Testament passage to Christians who deny women authority in the church. The ESV’s bias is most obvious in this verse. Compare the ESV’s translation to the NIV, and also to the RSV, the original source that was revised to create the ESV:

“Greet Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners. They are well known to the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.”
- Romans 16:7 ESV

Greet Andronicus and Junia, my fellow Jews who have been in prison with me. They are outstanding among the apostles, and they were in Christ before I was.
- Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭7‬ NIV

Salute Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners; they are men of note among the apostles, and they were in Christ before me.
- Romans‬ ‭16‬:‭7‬ RSV

Both the NIV and RSV differ significantly from the ESV with their use of the word “among”. In both of these translations, these partners are clearly apostles, not just “well known to the apostles". Notice how the much older RSV solves the problem of gender by simply reinterpreting Junia’s name as masculine, and then inserting the wholly unnecessary “men”, just in case we might have missed it. This was once a common way to solve the controversy of this woman clearly being called an apostle, which would demonstrate a position and responsibility of authority and teaching to a woman in the early church. Modern scholarship has largely abandoned this idea, and most newer translations and Greek scholars recognize Junia as a female name.

The NIV, with no agenda to promote, has no problem using Junia’s female name, and has no need to insert a gender as does the RSV. I am glad to see the team behind the ESV at least have the integrity to drop that old argument. However the ESV, with its explicit mission to promote an all-male view of church authority, has to aim its reinterpretation of the passage elsewhere, so Junia and Andronicus (by association) are both demoted for the sake of the teaching.

Even upon reading the ESV’s interpretation, one is still left to wonder why this couple has been jailed together, along with Paul, if not for preaching about Jesus? It seems unlikely he’d describe them this way if it were another reason, and unlikely that Junia would have also been arrested unless she was also involved.

I don’t expect any of these arguments to end this controversy. I haven’t said anything new here. I offer it especially for those who have been raised in churches where these damaging “male only” teachings are just assumed, who have hoped there is another side of the story, but have not yet been exposed to it.

ps. All of the scholars involved in the translating of the RSV and ESV were men. The 1984 translation of the NIV had only men on the translation committee. The translation committee for NIV’s 2011 update had one woman among them, and a female secretary. Progress!

*An earlier version of this post mistakenly named the teacher of Acts 18:26 Barnabas instead of Apollos.

Hello everyone, it absolutely kills me to have to do this, but I’m in grad school getting my M.A. in Women, Gender, and Sexuality studies and while my university assured me my tuition would be covered, they didn’t tell me that there were more fees that I am responsible for which about $600 that I have never had and do not currently have. On top of that my laptop died this morning which has all of my classwork on it and I’m really freaking out because there’s no way I can afford all of this and I have no other options but to ask you all for help. If you can, please donate to my paypal at the bottom of this post! Any little bit helps and I’m very desparate! I don’t have much to offer, but I’ve been told I give good advice? So, perhaps if you’d like I can give you that! Thank you for reading this and even if you can’t help (believe me, I understand that most people don’t have the money right now and there are others who need it even more than I do) please reblog this!

Paypal:  paypal.me/ENelson243

You bet your ass Derek Hale is a feminist, not like he had a choice growing up with Laura as his big sister and his mom being as awesome as she is. He didn’t even know he was a feminist until his first day of classes at NYU. Laura had signed him up for a gender studies 101 class and Derek was astonished to hear that some people don’t think women can do everything a man can do. 

He double majored in gender studies and English, he read every bit of feminist literature he could get his hands on, he went to protests, he registered voters, he was active in the community and known as a fierce ally around campus, Laura had been so proud.

When everything had gone to shit in Beacon Hills it had all sort of fallen apart for him, he stopped blogging, he lost touch with his friends back in New York, he had retreated into himself and lost touch with what made him Derek

So when he left Beacon Hills and moved back to New York to finish school he spent a lot of time trying to find himself again. He found himself in books, in people, in protests, in his classes. When he graduated a year later he felt more like himself than he had since Laura died, and it felt good, but he still felt like something was missing. 

Enter Stiles Stilinski. 

Derek thought he’d never see Stiles again, he had resigned himself to the fact that Stiles would stay in California and with the pack because that’s who he was and Derek knew he couldn’t be there anymore, it wasn’t good for him or for anyone. 

He thought he might be imagining things when he saw Stiles walking across NYU’s campus, thought that he had willed him into existence, but then Stiles stopped and gave him a huge smile. 

They got lunch, Stiles asked Derek what he’s doing at NYU and Derek proudly tells him that he’s getting his masters in gender studies.

Stiles gapes at him, then starts throwing questions at him about how he got into that, how he feels about XYZ political events, what made him come back to NYU, how he feels about feminism in the modern world, and Derek, well he’s floored because he loves talking about this kind of stuff, but more than that, Stiles is interested in it.

When Derek looks back years later he realizes that’s the start of it all for them, the real start at least. Stiles starts volunteering with Derek, he takes a few gender studies classes himself, on top of his engineering courses, he starts a ‘safe walks’ group on campus for anyone who doesn’t feel safe walking alone after the election. 

But they’re not dating. Well they’re doing everything that Derek would consider dating but they aren’t having sex or kissing. Until finally, one day they’re marching in a women’s march and they’re holding hands and Derek can’t help himself.

The crowd stops outside Central Park and Derek looks at Stiles who’s been screaming and cheering the entire time and he takes his face in his hands. 

“Are you finally gonna kiss me Hale?” Stiles asks him, a big smile on his face.

Derek nods just before their lips touch. It’s the best first kiss either of them have ever had. Stiles is still holding his “Mike Pence Has Never Satisfied a Woman in His Life” sign above his head in one hand. 

Their picture ends up all over the internet, neither of them are mad about it, in fact they use it for their first official holiday card as a couple the next year. 

And they still go to protests, they still spend their free time volunteering, they raise their two son’s to treat women with the respect they deserve, they raise their daughter to never underestimate herself. 

They also raise hell about reproductive rights, about equal pay, about LGBTQ+ rights, about  rape culture, about immigration reform, and racism. At the age of 43 Derek is elected to the US Senate for the state of New York, his husband and 3 kids are by his side when he’s sworn in.