wishram

Wishham girl - 1910

Curtis Caption : The subject is clothed in a heavily beaded deerskin dress of the plains type. The throat is encircled by strands of shell beads of native manufacture, heirlooms which were obtained by the original Wishham possessor from the Pacific slope. Pendant on the breast are strands of larger beads of the same kind, as well as of various kinds brought into the country by the traders of the Hudson’s Bay Company. An indispensable ornament of the well-born person was the dentalium-shell thrust through a perforation in the nasal septum; occasionally, as in this case, two such shells were connected by means of a bit of wood pushed into the hollow bases. Tied to the hair at each side of the face (see the following plate) is another dentalium-shell ornament, which is in reality an ear pendant transferred from the lobe of the ear (where its weight would be inconvenient) to the hair. The head-dress consists of shells, shell beads, commercial beads, and Chinese coins. The coins made their appearance in the Columbia River region at a comparatively early date. This form of head-dress was worn on special occasions by girls between the age of puberty and their marriage.

Wasco-Wishram are two closely related Chinook Indian tribes from the Columbia River in Oregon. Today the tribes are part of the Warm Springs Reservation in Oregon and Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation in Washington

February’s Full Moon is traditionally known as ‘Full Snow Moon’ because the heaviest snows fall in February. For the native American tribes hunting during this month became difficult, hence it was also called 'Hunger Moon’. Its Cherokee name is kagali, meaning “bony moon”, while the Hopi name, powamuya, means “moon of purification and renewal”. At this time, the Wishram Indians used to seat “shoulder to shoulder around the fire moon”.
In Hindi it is known as Magh Poornima (Full Moon of the month Magh). On the occasion of Magh Poornima, thousands of pilgrims brace cold wintry winds to take the holy dip at Sangam, the confluence of rivers Ganga, Yamuna and the invisible Sarswati, and pray to the Sun.
Its Sinhala (Buddhist) name is Navam. Other names for this particular full moon are Storm moon, Little Famine moon, and Full Bony moon.
The full moon rises around sunset and sets around sunrise, the only night in the month when the moon is in the sky all night long. The rest of the month, the moon spends at least some time in the daytime sky.

Image credit: Stein Liland/flickr