On this day, July 22 in 1864, the first battle of Atlanta took place. Confederate troops under Gen. John Hood were defeated by Union forces under Gen. William Sherman.
During the battle, Maj. General James Birdseye McPherson (November 14, 1828 – July 22, 1864) was killed. McPherson from Clyde, OH. was young and ranked among the best officers the Union had. He was the second highest ranking Union officer killed during the war.