which is what most of us do everyday

What is autism?

Autism is a natural variation of human neurology which is categorized as a developmental disability. About 1% of the worlds population is autistic. Autism is a lifelong condition meaning that autistic people are born autistic and that they will die autistic. You cannot “catch autism” or “become autistic” like you can risk becoming mentally or physically ill - neither vaccines or heavy metals or gluten will make you autistic if you aren’t born with it. You also can’t cure autism or recover from it - but all autistic people can live fulfilling, happy lives with the right accommodations so an autism diagnosis isn’t the death sentence that many people make it out to be. Autism isn’t a diagnosis which can be clearly separated from who you are and how you see the world - it affects every aspect about of how you think about, experience and interact with the world around you. There are many different aspects of being autistic which makes it hard to summarize the condition, but I’ll do my best to introduce you to some of the common autistic traits and experiences in this post.

  • Sensory processing. Autistic people’s sensory processing is different from most people’s sensory processing. This means that autistic people may be over- or undersensitive to different sensory input. This means that we may have trouble with sounds, touches, smells, tastes, etc that most people can easily tolerate or block out or that we may seek out loud music, blinking lights, bright colors, spicy food, strong smells and activities which provide physical activity and deep pressure. Many autistic people lack the filter that most people have which makes them able to block out background sounds, meaning that the ticking of a clock, the buzzing from a lamp or two people having a conversation nearby might make us unable to focus on what we’re supposed to be focusing on. This means that many autistic people will have trouble focusing in situations with lots of sensory input, for example situations where many people are gathered together, and that we are more easily overwhelmed and stressed out by different sensory input than allistic (non-autistc) people. 
  • Stimming. Stimming is short for self-stimulatory behavior, meaning a behavior which is meant to stimulate one of your senses. Some common stims are rocking back and forth, bouncing your legs or feet, hand flapping, hand wringing and repeating words and sentences, but a stim can be any kind of repeated movement or action which stimulates one of your senses. Stimming can thus be many different things - you can stim by smelling, touching, watching, moving, tasting and listening. The reason why autistic people stim is tied up in the fact that autistic people’s sensory processing tend to be atypical - when there’s a lot of overwhelming, stressing sensory input, providing your own repeated sensory input by listening to a song on repeat or rocking back or forth or smelling something you like the smell of may help you focus and calm down. Autistic people also stim to express emotions - it’s a natural part of our body language just like smiling or frowning is a natural part of most people’s body language. We may jump up and down and flap our hands when excited where most people would simply smile, or we may rock back and forth and press our hands against our faces where other people would cry. That being said, an autistic person doesn’t need a certain, deep reason for stimming - we often do it simply because it’s fun and because it feels good. 
  • Shutdowns and meltdowns. Shutdowns and meltdowns are both responses to extreme distress - they’re often caused by unpleasant, overwhelming sensory input that the autistic person in question is unable to escape, but they can also be caused by strong negative emotions. A meltdown is an outward reaction to said distress where a shutdown is an inwards reaction. An autistic person having a meltdown is a person who has reached a point where they are no longer in control of their own body - they’re experiencing an flight or fight response, so to say. An autistic person may scream, lash out, cry, smash things and run away during a meltdown. Shutdowns are another possible response to a similar situation - during those, the autistic person may become unresponsive, locked in place, unable to talk, etc. You should never get mad at autistic people or hold them responsible for having meltdowns and shutdowns - they’ve reached a place where they’re so distressed that they’re losing control of themselves and instead of distressing them further, you should help them escape or resolve what’s causing the distress - after you have given them plenty of time to calm down and recover, that is.
  • Trouble with non-verbal communication such as body language, facial expressions and tone of voice. Autism is a disability which affects communication and the ability to socialize, meaning that autistic people may have trouble reading, using and comprehending body language, facial expressions and tone of voice just like they may have trouble learning, conforming to and applying social rules. We may not be able to take a hint that someone’s not interested in talking to us just like we may not notice when someone’s interested in us romantically or sexually. We have trouble noticing when other people are bored or tired or sad or angry and we might thus often come across as uncaring or annoying in social situations. Our trouble with reading other people and seeing the nuance in their body language, facial expressions and tone of voice also means that many autistic people have trouble grasping sarcasm, irony and metaphors. 
  • Trouble with words and speech. Most autistic people have some degree of trouble with expressing their thoughts and opinions through spoken words.This is because most of us don’t naturally think in words - we may experience, think about and process the world around us in pictures or sensory experiences and we may thus have trouble transforming those input and experiences into words. We may also have trouble with the process of speaking, not because there’s something physically wrong with us but because we can have trouble with making our throats and mouths pronounce the words or because we may have trouble with going from thinking a word to succeeding with the process of actually saying it out loud. It’s common for autistic people to have periods where they aren’t able to speak - we call it going nonverbal - and some autistic people can’t speak at all. That doesn’t mean that they can’t think or communicate, though - they may instead communicate via written words, text to speech apps, facilitated typing, sign language, picture boards, etc.
  • Executive dysfunction. Executive functioning is what allows us to go from thinking about or wanting to do something to actually doing it, it’s what makes us able to keep the different steps required to complete a task straight in our heads and it’s what makes us able to plan and focus on different tasks. Autistic people often have trouble with executive functioning which makes many everyday tasks that most people can just do without thinking twice about it really hard. Imagine that you want to do laundry but your brain doesn’t automatically come up with the steps required to complete the task - take the laundry basket to the washing machine, open the washing machine, put clothes into the washing machine, add soap, etc - instead you’re just standing there, knowing that you somehow have to go from dirty laundry to clean clothes without knowing how to go about it. This is a problem for many autistic people which makes many everyday tasks hard or impossible to do without help. We may need someone to prompt us to do what we need to do or we may need someone to talk us through the steps or we may need visual or written instructions which illustrate the steps required to complete a certain task. Executive dysfunction is the main reason why many autistic people have trouble with basic, everyday tasks that most people their age can easily do without help.
  • Special interests. Many autistic people have a topic or a thing that they’re deeply, passionately interested in. Some autistic people compare having a special interest to being in love - it’s what your mind drifts to when there’s nothing else to occupy it, it’s the only thing you want to talk about, it’s the first thing you think of when you wake up in the morning and it’s the last thing you think of before you fall asleep. This intense level of interest and passion often allows autistic people to excel in their areas of interest even when they may have trouble with basic everyday tasks. Some autistic people have special interests that lasts a life time, other people experience that their special interests change every couple years or maybe every couple months - or in some cases, every couple weeks. Some autistic people have one special interest at a time, other autistic people have many special interests. 
  • Routines. Since the world is often very chaotic and confusing for autistic people due to our atypical sensory processing and our struggles with executive dysfunction and social interaction, many autistic people rely on routines to create a sense of order in a confusing and chaotic world. We usually like to do the same things in the exact same way every day and if something breaks our routine or if something unexpected happens - or if somebody suggests an impulsive trip to the beach on a day where we hadn’t expected to do anything but the usual - it may result in shutdowns or meltdowns. If you want an autistic person to break or change their routine it’s recommended that you warn them in good time and that you give them plenty of time to prepare and adjust.
  • Unique points of view and different ways of thinking. Due to the fact that autistic people experience the world so differently from how most people experience it, we see the world from a different angle - often allowing us to come up with ideas or thoughts or input or solutions that you wouldn’t get anywhere else. Autistic people often have unique points of view and unusual ways or thinking and learning and this is often a strength - as we say in the autistic community, we are different, not less. 

I’ve now summarized some of the more common autistic traits and I hope that this post gave you a better understanding of what autism is and what it means to be autistic. Feel free to reblog and share this post far and wide if you found it helpful or educational.

Washington State University Physicists create 'negative mass'

Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is exactly what it sounds like. Push it, and unlike every physical object in the world we know, it doesn’t accelerate in the direction it was pushed. It accelerates backwards.

The phenomenon is rarely created in laboratory conditions and can be used to explore some of the more challenging concepts of the cosmos, said Michael Forbes, a WSU assistant professor of physics and astronomy and an affiliate assistant professor at the University of Washington. The research appears today in the journal Physical Review Letters, where it is featured as an “Editor’s Suggestion.”

Hypothetically, matter can have negative mass in the same sense that an electric charge can be either negative or positive. People rarely think in these terms, and our everyday world sees only the positive aspects of Isaac Newton’s Second Law of Motion, in which a force is equal to the mass of an object times its acceleration, or F=ma. In other words, if you push an object, it will accelerate in the direction you’re pushing it. Mass will accelerate in the direction of the force.

Keep reading

theguardian.com
Scientists have created a fluid with negative mass – but what does it tell us?
The fluid, which defies everyday laws of motion, is a rare achievement and provides a platform to study an otherwise hypothetical form of matter
By Hannah Devlin

Scientists have created a fluid that exhibits the bizarre property of “negative mass” in an experiment that appears to defy the everyday laws of motion.

Push an object and Newton’s laws (and common experience) dictate that it will accelerate in the direction in which it was shoved.

“That’s what most things that we’re used to do,” said Matthew Forbes, a physicist at Washington State University and co-author of the paper, which shows that normal intuitions do not always apply to physics experiments. “With negative mass, if you push something, it accelerates toward you.”

Negative mass has previously cropped up in speculative theories, including those suggesting the existence of wormholes, a form of cosmological shortcut between two points in the universe. Just as electric charge can be either positive or negative, matter could, hypothetically, have either positive or negative mass.

For an object with negative mass, Newton’s second law of motion, in which a force is equal to the mass of an object multiplied by its acceleration (F=ma) would be experienced in reverse.

Continue Reading.

Norwegian youth spend more than four hours a day on social media, according to a study. Some believe it’s a waste of time, but I understand why we do it very well.
Society is straightforward on social media.
Where you can just log off or block anything you don’t like.

Today, we celebrate our constitution. It says that everyone has equal rights, and that humans are born free and shall remain free.
Free to be on social media for four hours.
Free to get wasted and fuck around.
Free to use 900.000 for a Russ Bus.

Norway isn’t the same country as it was when the constitution was written. Norwegian society is constantly developing. Today, thousands of refugees are coming into Europe in search of a place to live. Those people are from a different culture than us.
People whose values we may disagree with.
Some are afraid they will threaten our Norwegian values. It would have been best to have the Facebook function to just block them.
But that’s not how it goes.
So, on this day when we celebrate our Constitution, we shall remember what we celebrate. If we believe in the values it is based on, if we agree with the idea that all people should be free and have equal rights, it’s not our responsibility to fight to persevere the values for all people.
It’s not there to open doors to strangers who want to threaten our values, but it’s there to not open doors to them.
We live in a society because we need each other.

People need people.

It can be tiring to deal with others. Especially the ones you disagree with. Those who think differently from you. Whether some are from another culture or a girl who’s a lame Facebook friend from elementary school.
In a peaceful society with equal rights, we have to manage to listen too, and try to understand each other.
Perhaps it’s easier to understand if we focus on what we have in common rather than the differences. Look for what we agree with instead of what we disagree with.
Maybe if we see the worst in others, it is exactly what they will show us.

We have the right to waste four hours on social media everyday. Because some before us fought for the freedom to do so.
Soon it’s us who will take over this country, it’s up to us which values we live by in the future.

I hope equal rights and freedom for all the people of this world is a battle we are ready to take on.
Completely serious, if we who are raised in the worlds most free and richest country, if not we choose generosity, patience, and openness. If not we choose to look for and believe in the good in each other, if not we can fight for righteousness,
Then who will be able to do it?

—  Skam, season 2 episode 10
-written by William Magnusson

The difference between qué and cuál.

We use qué for general questions. 
And we use cuál for specific questions. 


QUÉ + VERBS

  • ¿Qué te gusta? - What do you like? (In general, whatever is fine). 
  • ¿Qué quieres? - What do you want? (In general, about anything).

CUÁL + VERBS

  • ¿Cuál te gusta más? - Which one do you like the most? (Among these 5-10 objects).
  • ¿Cuál quieres? - Which one do you want? (Among these 3 options?)

* These questions are used with a previous context. 


QUÉ + NOUNS

  • ¿Qué película te gusta? - What movie do you like? (Any movie).
  • ¿Qué libro quieres leer? - What book do you want to read? (Any book).

CUÁL + NOUNS

  • ¿Cuál película te gusta? - Which movie do you like? (Among these 10 movies?)
  • ¿Cuál libro quieres leer? - Which book do you want to read? (Among these 15 books?

*In everyday conversations people prefer to use “qué” instead of “cuál” with nouns. You might hear people say “¿Qué canción te gusta más?” (What song do you like the most?) even if there are only 5 songs to choose from. 


QUÉ + SER + NOUN

A very common mistake that most Spanish students make is trying to translate questions as “What is your name?” literally. 

As I explained before, we use cuál for specific information, someone’s name is a specific info, so we should say:

¿Cuál es tu nombre? - What is your name?

and not ¿Qué es tu nombre? (X). This sentence doesn’t make sense, because “qué” is about general things, but a person’s name is very specific. 

So we use qué + ser + noun when we talk about general meanings and dictionary definitions. We can ask:

  • ¿Qué es nombre? - What is name? (the definition of the word “nombre”).
  • ¿Qué es el amor? - What is love? (baby, don’t hurt me x)
  • ¿Qué es la vida? - What is life?
  • ¿Qué son las estrellas? - What are stars?

Note: I’ve also heard questions as “What is “house” in Spanish?”. In Spanish this is translated as “¿Cómo se dice “house” en español? and not “¿Qué es “house” en español?”

QUÉ + SER + NOUN

Sentences with cuál, that people often mistranslate:

  • ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? - What is your phone number?
  • ¿Cuál es tu dirección?/¿Cuál es tu domicilio? - What is your address?
  • ¿Cuál es tu correo electrónico? - What is your email?
  • ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre “a” y “b”? - What is the difference between “a” and “b”?
  • ¿Cuál es el significado de esa palabra? - What is the meaning of that word?
  • ¿Cuáles son las instrucciones para armar esta mesa? - What are the instructions to assemble this table?
    *Yes, “cuál” has a plural: “cuáles” (:
  • ¿Cuál es la misión de la empresa? - What is the mission of the company?
  • ¿Cuál es tu sueño? - What is your dream?

That’s it for today. I hope this is useful for you! 
Feel free to ask me anything. (:

mc-daddy-dillo  asked:

What do you think the members of Queen would be like if they were millennials

Roger:
. Has an instagram with about 20k followers just cause he’s hot
. posts selfies mostly from a “succ me” angle
. On his fb tho he only posts pictures of his cars
. Goes to coachella with 20 different people
. Follows lots of slime accounts on IG
. Most used emojis: 😎😬👉👌

Freddie:
. He runs a big arts and aesthetic blog on tumblr and also has an “outfit of the day” thing going on which he posts everyday
. He also has a deviantart account which he hasnt told anyone about cause it’s mostly softcore porn including his favourite celebrities
. Stays up to 3 am every night in bed watching every cat video on Youtube until he falls asleep
. Photo of his cats instead of a profile pic on FB
Most used emojis: 😗💅😻💕

Brian (with all his twittering and ig:ing he basically is a milennial already)
. Gets involved in political feuds with his family on fb and end up removing his cousins from his friendlist cause they vote conservative
. His IG profile is basically Photography at its finest, and has lots of Photos of animals and landscapes
. Tried to rock the man bun but failed
. Had an emo period back in 08 which he pretends to have forgotten but Freddie still has the pictures
Most used emojis: 😁😲✊🚀⭐

John:
. Was talked into getting an IG by the other guys but so far its been a year and it is still empty
. Updates his fb with things like: “just watched a movie xD” almost every day
. He loves to watch mukbangs
. Also a total gamer who loves pewdiepie and markiplier
. Built his own custom computer
. Tweets Gordon Ramsay pictures of his cheesy dishes
. Replies three days late in the group chat
Most used emojis: doesn’t use emojis; but he ends every sentence with a: xD

It’s been exactly three weeks since I vowed to effectively quit* social media.

As a reminder, I say effectively because I am not getting rid of my accounts. But I am trimming my social media use to such an extent that, to a good approximation, I am not using them at all. So no, I have not quit this blog and I will not quit this blog. At least not anytime in the near future.

Thanks to those who have stayed along for the ride. Immediately after I made my last post three weeks ago I lost a handful of followers. But I just checked my activity feed and my follower count has apparently still been growing in my absence haha. It hasn’t gone down at all (though the slope has decreased slightly). Which is interesting. My content has a life of its own on this site, I suppose. That’s great.

But anyway. Let’s get to the good stuff, here.

My good friend @rudescience and I just Skyped after a small while. I Skyped him a couple times and we sent each other emails about once a week. Which was a huge change because, for over two years, he and I used to text/snap almost all day long, every single day. No exaggeration. It was hard to get used to, for both of us, but we actually prefer it this way. We’ve each become less dependent on each other and more present in the everyday life in front of us. But I mentioned him because he just reminded me during our conversation that I really did accomplish a lot over my three-week hiatus.

Obviously, quitting* social media was a big part of this. You might be surprised to know that such a seemingly small gesture had such an impact on my life, in only a few weeks.

Keep reading

Less

With less, we can focus. With less, we can truly let our mind explore. With less, there is more beauty. With less, there is more. There is something special about removing all that is no longer necessary to leave only what is needed. By eliminating what we do not need, we free up space for that which is most important and can truly create a better environment for us to dream and change the world.

What You Need to Know about Pop Culture Magick

“Pop Culture Magick: Magic that employs the use of symbols etc. from modern day pop culture that serves to provide a doorway into the occult world by giving a young seeker something familar on which to launch a spiritual, religious or magickal journey. It includes the use of pop culture stories, characters, images,music, toys etc.”

What is it?
The use of figures & media related to pop culture for magickal purposes i.e. deity working, thought forms, servitors, spells etc.

What is Pop Culture?
Popculture is defined by what it does it resists the mainstream “blah” culture. It possesses and represents different value systems, which clash with the values of mainstream culture. Heavily Influenced by mass media, this collection of ideas permeates the everyday lives of the society. The most common catgories include: entertainment (movies, music, TV) sports, news (people/places in news), politics, fashion/clothes, technology & slang.

Different ways to incorporate Pop Culture Magick into one’s practice:

Entity Work: How do television characters become god-forms? Gods thrive on attention and belief, it’s their main form of sustenance.
*When creating a god form from an actor studying the actor’s career and the kind of movies he/she has done, you can create a profile of the actor to draw on when creating an entity*

All you really need is imagination and good visualization skills. This is especially easy with television shows, etc. *familiarization is key* doing a lot of research on the character you will be working with *You give the character belief by finding out as much as possible and using that information to create a persona.

*Assign attributes to yor character (what do they represent)
*God-forms are powered by your  beliefs and shaped by the attributes you give them
*Make a list of pros and cons for the usage of this entity
*making collages is a good inexpensive medium to work with your god-form (similar to an altar)

INTP Drama

Did you know that INTPs love drama? Well, you probably already knew that if you are an INTP, but other people seem to think that we’re too nerdy and scholarly and boring to enjoy drama.

Well, the most boring people seem to like drama the best.

What is different about us is the kind of drama we like.

Our Ti is interested in everything at some point. That is, we like to think about things in theory and although we usually have one or two subjects of main interest that we focus on, just about anything can interest us. And human nature is generally something that will interest us after a while, despite the fact that we don’t care to be around people that often.

The thing is, it’s hard for us to understand human behaviour, which we often consider illogical and unsensible. However, if we read enough books, and most of us do at some point or another, we start to see that human nature is very similar throughout history. And although people don’t act the same, there are very definite patterns to human behaviour. Also, we start to see that the way people act is in accordance with the way they think based on their personality types. Or perhaps we can relate real life people to fictional characters.

And since we are INTPs, and since we love it when our thoughts start to congeal, we get really happy when we start to see these patterns. 

But what is human nature if not one great drama? We don’t particularly love to be in the petty dramas of everyday life. We shun them as too disgusting and too annoying for us to notice. 

And we turn around and read a novel, most of which are basically one long book of people doing one dramatic thing after another. 

So, you see, we are not soulless humans. We may start out looking at people with an eye to analysis, but our humanity will take over after a while, and we’ll start wanting to know about the pain and joy of human experience.

Of course, being INTPs, we probably need to experience all that vicariously. But that’s why we have books, don’t you know?

Youthful Freedom and Responsibility

Norwegian youth spend more than 4 hours a day on social media, according to a study. Some believe it’s a waste of time, but I understand why we do it very well. Society is straightforward on social media, where you can just log off or block everything you don’t like.
Today, we celebrate our constitution. It says that everyone has equal rights, that humans are born free, and shall remain free. Free to be on social media for 4 hours. Free to get wasted and fuck around. Free to use 900.000 for a Russ bus.
Norway isn’t the same country as it was when the constitution was written, the Norwegian society is constantly developing. Today, thousands of refugees are coming to Europe in search of a place to live, those are people from a different culture than us. People whose values we may disagree with. Some are afraid they will threaten our Norwegian values. It would have been best to have the Facebook function to just block them, but that’s not how it goes. 

So, on this day when we celebrate our constitution, we shall remember what we celebrate. If we believe in the values it is based on, if we agree with the idea that all people should be free and have equal rights, it’s not our responsibility to fight to persevere the values for all people. It’s not there to open doors to strangers who want to threaten our values, but it’s there to not open the doors for them. 

We live in a society, because we need each other. People need people. It can be tiring to deal with others, especially the ones you disagree with, those who think differently than you. Whether some are from another culture, or a girl who’s a lame Facebook friend from elementary school. In a peaceful society with equal rights, we have to manage to listen and try to understand each other. Perhaps it’s easier to understand if we focus on what we have in common, rather than the differences. Look for what de agree with, instead of what we disagree with. Maybe if we see the worst in others, it is exactly what they will show us. 

We have the right to waste 4 hours on social media everyday, because some before us have fought for the freedom to do so. Soon it’s us who will take over this country, it’s up to us which values we live by in the future. I hope equal rights and freedom for all people of this world is a battle we are ready to take on. Completely serious, if not we, who are raised in the most free and richest country, if not we choose generosity, patience and openness, if not we choose to look for and believe in the good in each other, if not we can fight for righteousness, then who would be able to do it? 

— Noora Amalie Sætre (and William Magnusson)

OHO: The glass house I live in

This is my new editorial segment that I call OHO, or One Hare’s Opinion. 

___

Ask someone to prove their god or their faith to you and they might do different things. If they’re Christian, they might offer you a bible, or take you to church. If they are Muslim,  you might read  the Koran and attend their Mosque. If they were a Pagan, they might take you to nature, and tell you the stories of the Old Ways before leaving you in silent reflection.

There is no doubt that if you ask someone to show you their faith, that you are in for a journey, a very personal and special one. But at the end of the journey, after your time in the Grove, the Mosque, or the Church, you will be left with your own thoughts, and naturally, you will draw your own conclusions about the experience.

This is life, dear reader. What we do everyday, what we grow into over the course of our existence. We all, at least once in our life, make some kind of decision about what and how we believe, if at all. Beyond that, culture, family, and lived experience shapes us, and calls time and again to those elements of faith which unite us to our kin and culture. The decisions of belief, even if it’s that there is no belief, are so profound as to form a core for most folk.

To borrow some phrases from my Christian friends via Paul the Apostle, we see but through a mirror darkly, and it is up to all of us to work out our own salvation with fear and trembling. We are born into this world full of questions, and given mortal life to pursue what answers we can.

As for me, my answers were a long time in coming. Hard fought for, and dearly won. In my younger years, raised nominally Christian, I pursued that path, only to find it lacking in answers and connection. In college, this engendered in me a crisis which pushed me to reach out, and push beyond the bounds of what I knew.

Gradually, out of the murky depths I began to find my way, began to find my path of belief as Hare incarnated in human form. The conviction within me is strong, and undeniable. The question and the discomfort with human identity was always there, until that answer brought it all into sense.

It’s eccentric to be sure, but it is where I found my meaning and my truth, and it led me to an interesting thought.

Have you ever realized, that all religions seem a little strange, or have wild elements, for those outside the faith? The more militant Atheists love to use these in their talking points against belief. They make a solid logic argument that the events described in virtually any holy book are too fantastic or impossible to be believed.

Nevertheless the world goes on being filled with people of every faith and way. People seem to line up in tribes, pick their sides, and then rigorously defend the borders of those ideologies come what may.

I suppose you could say its something very human.

So I challenge you dear reader. I ask you, what is the difference in believing that a Man, who was actually God, died for you sins on a cross; or that a prophet of Allah rode a winged horse to Heaven; or the Raven stole fire to bring to mankind and thus blackened its feathers; consider Woden hanging from the world tree, or any belief, why are these easier to accept, than a deeply held personal conviction, which leads to peace and truth but also long ears and a tail?

After all, there was a time in history where someone was the first Christian, the first Jew, the first Muslim, and if there is any doubt as to how those first ones were received, just spend some time googling the first 300 years or so of Christianity, I’ll wait.

So maybe it’s time to break the cycle, dear reader. Maybe it’s time to decide that if someone isn’t causing harm, and they find their happiness, that it’s enough on its own, regardless whether you believe it. To fail to do so is to make the mistakes that people have made since the beginning, which does nothing but limit, divide, and damage us all.

This is, however, just one hare’s opinion.

-kinFriday

Imagine being best friends with Sonny since you were kids

(A/N:Continuation of this will be coming on Thursday. Dedicated to the Anon who sent the Sonny request yesterday. That part two will be your request but I combined it with another idea I had to make it a two parter. Your particular request will be the part two coming out on Thursday.  I hope you all enjoy this!)

Imagine being best friends with Sonny since you were kids

There are two reasons why the average New Yorker would know or be familiar with the Reagan family and or the name. The first one and the most prevalent, is that they are the city’s most famous cop families which contained the current and past police commissioner not to mention now  a DA, two detectives and an officer. If you asked any average New Yorker on the street, that’s what they would tell you. However, if said New Yorker was from Great Kills, Staten Island when they heard the name Reagan, the cop factor would be their second thought.

The first thought?

Reagan.

The family that run the cute bakery on Hillside Terrace that everybody loves to go to?

That’s them.

Your Mother, Mary, opened the Bakery after her Father, your Grandfather Christopher, passed away and left her inheritance. Grandpa Chris was an entrepreneur himself so you knew he probably would have been happy with what she did the money, though you could only assume as you never actually met him.

When she opened the bakery, your Mother already had three kids. Your older brothers, Danny and Joe and your older sister, Erin. Before getting pregnant with Danny she was a waitress at another bakery which had since closed down by the time she opened her own. When she got pregnant with Danny and then the rest of them, she took year an eight year hiatus from work. She waited until Joe went to school before getting back into work and therefore opening the bakery.

You have feeling that she thought that she would be stopping at three children. She was wrong, clearly.

It had a slow start but it soon hit a stride and it was only going up. It was two years in and hitting it’s then all time high when your mother found out she was pregnant with Jamie and then two years after that she became pregnant with you. Though this time around because she was so dedicated and loved what she did. She worked all the way through her pregnancies and only took a month off for each of us.  Because business was so good that she could hire an assistant manger to take over.

You loved the bakery for a number of reasons. Firstly, it was your home away from home. It’s where you’d go everyday after school, to do your homework and spend time with your mother, which was the second reason. You loved, spending time with her. She was and still is the most amazing woman you have ever met. In later years you even worked their as a waitress. It was your neighbourhood social hub and it was where everyone went to socialise. It’s the staple of your childhood, its where you had almost every childhood birthday party.

The main reason and not to mention the biggest for you is that its where you met your childhood and current best friend; Sonny Carisi.

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anonymous asked:

wiccans, pagans, anyone who is part of an earth worshiping religion is always seen as horrible and satanic as and as a norse pagan (heathen), even though it was a wiccan post, i am very glad to see people being allies.

Yes it is very nice. 

Most people don’t realize how lovely these people are, I mostly blame the stereotypes on tv. And language that they don’t want to try to understand, despite using the same language in their everyday life, but we use it and suddenly it’s a bad thing, like using the term ritual (and most people use the term ritual to describe wiping their ass in the morning).

It’d be nice to educate people, but most of the time education is somehow seen as oppressing, which is odd. But I can’t tell you how many times someone has asked me a question, and I tried to inform them, and I was accused of oppressing the Christians. 

But, what can you do but try?

the-amazing-rupee-bush  asked:

Thank you ever so much! I have ten questions ready; 1. What do the words "concept art" mean to you? 2. What inspired you to become a conceptual artists? 3. What were your main influences in becoming an artist? 4. Are there any kinds of projects you have yet to work on that you would love to? 5. What are the artistic tools you most use in your everyday production? I'll send the other 5 in another ask, answer them whenever you can. :)

Hi!! 

Sorry for taking  FOREVER to answer your questions!! 

Q: What do the words “concept art” mean to you? 

A: The exploration of an idea through visuals.

Q: What inspired you to become a conceptual artists?

A: I love drawing, design, and storytelling so for me the natural route was vis/dev and concept art. I’m more interested in the exploration of an idea through visuals than anything else. It was the natural path for me that incorporated all of my natural likes and tendencies.

Q: What were your main influences in becoming an artist?
A: Hmm, I’m actually not really sure. I guess it’s just something I’ve always been into. Creativity I mean. I didn’t really get very involved in art until I started Art school, which is a little backwards I guess. I’ve always gravitated towards animation, film, writing, really just storytelling in general. So I guess just the idea of being able to make cool stuff was all the influence I needed.

Q: Are there any kinds of projects you have yet to work on that you would love to?
A: I actually just started a 2D animation project, which is something that I have always wanted to do, and it’s awesome so far! Hand drawn animation and painted backgrounds!! Other than that I have always wanted to write and illustrate one of my own story. Maybe a children’s book or something.

Q: What are the artistic tools you most use in your everyday production? 
A: Photoshop. Colored pencils and paper for rough idea work, but mainly just photoshop.

Q: Can you name the artist/creative person whose work you most admire?

A: Uhhh, no. Hahaha. :)  I can never answer this question with any degree of confidence. My likes and interests constantly shift. Some artists who have been a constant are, Nico Marlet, Carter Goodrich, Paul Lasaine, Paul Felix, Eyvind Earle, Clare Wendling, Carlos Grangel, Cory Loftis, Milt Kahl, Robert Kondo, Scott Wills, lots of old masters, blah, blah… all the major artists everyone likes.

Q: Do you often compare your work to others, or do you avoid it?
A:This is a tricky one. Yes, and No. DO NOT COMPARE YOUR WORK TO YOUR  PEERS especially while in college. It’s pointless. Only compare your work to working professionals and as a future goal. It’s pretty easy to get depressed and forget that working professionals have already put in all the crazy hours it takes to be good.  You have to compare your art to those who are already doing whatever it is you want to do. It’s the only way to know if you are heading in the right direction. For me it was feature film vis/dev and character design. So I would constantly compared my work to those artists I listed above BUT only as a means of finding out how close I was to my goal. They worked for the studios I wanted to work for, therefore I needed to be on their level and I wasn’t. At the same time you MUST keep reminding yourself that it’s a journey and you will never truly be in the same place as they are. Eventually you will get to the point where you’ll have no need to compare your work theirs but at that point you’ll be working somewhere and it won’t matter anyways.

Q: What do you find to be your best tool/method for motivating yourself when things are tough?
A: Honestly, I usually just stop making art for a while. A day, a week, whatever it takes until I’m over whatever mental funk I’m in. I think it’s pretty standard that all artists work in a wave pattern. Happy and creative for a while then down in misery for a while.   I find that taking a step back and not worrying about it is often the best solution. Obviously I work full-time as an artist so professionally I can’t just stop but stepping away as much as possible is good. All creative projects seem to cycle through two different phases, super fun and then bang your head against the wall frustrating. At least it’s this way for me. Typically, if I can, I have two or more designs going in different phases. I start one and work on it till I’m bored or just a little pass the frustrated phase. I then stop this image and move to the next. It’s new and exciting so my interest is high. Eventually the new project gets into the boring or frustrating phase and I typically go back to the other image. I have distanced myself from that last image long enough and by then I generally have thought of some exciting solution to the problem I was having and that makes it fun again. I finish that one and moved to the other image. Getting out into nature is a good way to clear your head. Take a walk, ride a bike, lay down under a tree. Just remove yourself from the image and allow your brain to recuperate.  The good news is that typically after you have survived those hard time you have probably gotten better. My experience is those hard times are signs that you are on the edge of making a big leap forward. Your brain has started to realized all the past mistakes you have been making and wants desperately to solve those mistakes. It manifests as depression in most people. Give your brain the time it needs to solve those problems and you’ll come out stronger and better. 

Q: What is your favorite medium of work? 

photoshop. I love drawing and painting traditionally but usually find myself in photoshop, even for personal work.

Q: What advice would you give to an aspiring professional artist?
A: Work really hard and never give up :) Every artist I know, even the super talented ones or maybe especially the super talented ones, have put some crazy amount of time into gaining their skills.  It’s sort of daunting, but remember that in a way you are competing with the artists you look up to and most of those artists draw or paint a minimum of 8 hours 5 days a week. For most of them they have been doing art for many many years. That’s a ton of pencil time.  Fortunately you won’t be expected to be as knowledgable or skilled as they are right off the bat, BUT you need to be at least on the same planet, skill wise, as they are before you will be considered for any positions in major studios or whatever it is you want to do. That means you need to do your best to get through as much of that 10,000 hours as you can. The more time you spend studying and practicing the closer you get.  I think the second piece of advice I would give is to not be a jerk. You may have heard this before but the art industry is scarily small and everyone talks. If you are skilled, play it cool and are nice and respectful people will remember and happily refer you to their friends and colleagues. That’s how you get most jobs in this industry. If your good and your nice you’ll get lots of work. If your super talented and not nice, it will be harder.  If your mediocre and not nice you probably won’t last long. Just have fun, work hard and treat others with respect.

I really hope something in there was helpful! Good luck and thanks for the questions!

Spock’s Speech

I’ve been thinking about the way I write Spock’s dialogue and wanted to write up some tips for people who may be intimidated by his way of speaking or who (like me) are often at a loss for what Spock might say next. This guide isn’t a proscription for how Spock *must* be written, but it is hopefully helpful to you.

There are a lot of spoilers in here because I am examining actual show/movie dialogue!

Tip zero: Revise!

My number one tip for writing Spock’s dialogue is don’t be afraid to revise. You absolutely cannot get Spock’s voice right on the first try. It’s too far removed from the way most people talk in their everyday interactions. So just write ever comes naturally to you and then re-write it later. That’s what I do.

1) Spock speaks very precisely.

The corollary: this makes it sound as though he is using a lot of unnecessary words.

You must walk the fine line between these two concepts. Consider the following line of dialogue from Into Darkness which, despite it’s problems, does capture Spock’s voice fairly well here. Spock is addressing Kirk, who wants to do a half-baked plan as usual:

Spock: I can not allow you to do this. It is my function aboard the ship to advise you in making the wisest decisions possible, something I firmly believe you are incapable of doing in this moment.

McCoy would have delivered the same line very differently. He probably would have said, “I can’t let you do this! Dammit, it’s my job to give you my opinion and I’m telling you you’re incapable of making the right decision!” (note the plethora of exclamation points.)

Spock speaks differently from hypothetical McCoy: He uses “function” rather than “job,” “can not” rather than “can’t.” Although Spock is fully capable of using contractions, he often doesn’t in high-stress situations when he is focusing on keeping his cool. He also uses this level of precision to accomplish specific goals with the sentence. He reminds Kirk of his role as first officer (“aboard the ship”), and of his own assessment of the situation (“firmly believe”). Since his beliefs are based in logic, he is also implicitly implying that he has been closely monitoring the Captain. He also says “incapable” which McCoy would probably say, too (with added splutter), but he could have said “not able” or “not capable” which would have slightly different implications.

He also says a bunch of stuff that a human would sum up into “listen to my opinion!” Notably, Spock does not sum it up. He wants to be precise and so he uses these 10-cent words that have a more technical definition.

When writing him, be careful to be precise, but also remember Tip Zero. You don’t have to remember the right synonym for “opinion.” Just slot it in and edit later.

Also, when writing him, be careful not to use extra words once precision has been reached. Spock expects everyone to follow along with what he’s saying. He’s not actually saying anything superfluous, it just appears that way to people who aren’t used to hearing him talk (so it’s easy for humans to get lost, and it’s why the Romulan Yar says that Vulcans use a lot of unnecessary words in Unification). Once he’s done explaining something, he’s just done. He stops.

2) Spock is contradictory about his ability to discuss emotions.

Consider the following from The Tholian Web. Kirk has just died and Spock and McCoy have viewed his last orders which basically tell them to stop fighting (which they’ve been doing a lot of):

Dr. McCoy: Spock, I, uh… I’m sorry. It does hurt, doesn’t it?
Mr. Spock: What would you have me say, Doctor?

Here, Spock employs a clever misdirection in order to get out of answering the question. This may be, in part, due to the fact that his Captain has just died and he doesn’t want to talk about it. It may also be because he is talking to McCoy in particular (see tip 3). Nevertheless, he believes he doesn’t have a satisfactory answer for McCoy.

Yet in “The Naked Time” Spock immediately identifies the emotion he is feeling as “shame.” “Captain, when I feel friendship for you I am ashamed.” Although he is emotionally compromised and likely would never have said this otherwise, the fact is he can still identify the emotion. (The same goes for identifying happiness in This Side of Paradise and hatred in Plato’s Stepchildren.) Shame is a rather complex emotion, and one that is not a “go to” description of emotion (e.g. happiness, anger). Acknowledging it means that Spock has some ability to talk about his emotions; this likely comes from his mother (who is always trying to get him to admit he’s feeling “fine” in every universe). When writing Spock, keep in mind that he does have a complex understanding of how humans discuss and express emotions. Whether or not he chooses to play by their rules is another matter entirely.

3) WHO Spock is speaking to and WHAT is happening determines WHAT he is saying.

As demonstrated above, Spock reacts to McCoy attempting to elicit an emotional response very differently from how he spoke to Kirk (where he volunteered the information). To McCoy he generally reacts with aversion and annoyance. To Kirk, sometimes annoyance and sometimes just vague confusion (“why are you doing this to me Captain??” *logically crying emoji*) Generally, Spock is pretty tight-lipped about these things all across the board but there are some exceptions. For example, Spock admits to knowing what to do with a “genuine, warm, decent feeling” when McCoy accused him of being emotionless in Bread and Circuses. (Well actually he says “Really Doctor?” and raises his eyebrow. A big admission, coming from the King of Emotional Misdirection.) Circumstances matter, so if you want Spock to admit a Big Emotion you have to make sure it makes sense in the moment. But the fact is, as tip 2 attests, he does understand them. He just doesn’t want anyone to know it.

4) Spock won’t lie if he doesn’t absolutely have to.

In the words of McCoy: “Must you always be so blasted honest!”

That doesn’t mean he won’t redirect, mislead, or withhold information. In fact, he does that all the damned time (especially when it comes to not admitting his feelings!). Consider Spock facing a non-canon conundrum: McCoy has been distracted by an alien Ambassador who won’t leave him alone, and Spock wants to tell the Captain but McCoy has requested he not. So instead Spock alludes to the “parasite” that has left McCoy “ill and unable to perform his duties.” He’s not lying but he is definitely stretching facts and relying on multiple meanings of words. Since he’s usually highly precise, this is very noticeable to an outsider with all the facts (you, the reader).

That said, he’s capable of lying and will if he has to. But it makes him uncomfortable and he would prefer to avoid such situations. This is actually great for fic writers because once he can’t avoid any more he would most likely come clean about his feelings. Huzzah!

5) Spock is very sassy.

Since this is such a close-to-the-heart fan theory for many people I won’t spend too much time on it. Just remember that Spock is pure sassafras bark and you are totally justified in writing some humor into your dialogue. Spock makes jokes and insults people all the damned time, but usually either a) they don’t realize it or b) he has plausible deniability that he wasn’t saying anything wrong. His brand of humor is passive aggression, not outright mockery. I’ll leave you with this:

Christopher Pike: That’s a technicality.
Spock: I am Vulcan, sir. We embrace technicality.
Christopher Pike: Are you giving me attitude, Spock?
Spock: I am expressing multiple attitudes simultaneously. To which are you referring?

6) Spock is very literal

A lot of previous points have touched on this (e.g. not lying, precise speech) but it also means that he expects others are being literal when they ask him questions. This means that if he isn’t paying close attention he will attempt to answer questions honestly. Consider:

Capt. Kirk: Trying to get yourself killed. Do you know how much Starfleet has invested in you?
Mr. Spock: 122,200…
Capt. Kirk: [interrupting] Never mind!

Obviously, Kirk was asking a rhetorical question. Spock probably could have identified this but he had just been injured. This is great for Spock dialogue because you can really show his character by having him attempt to literally answer rhetorical questions, only to find it ridiculous when the human didn’t mean that at all. (“If you do not mean for me to answer, why do you ask the question?”)

7) Non-verbal communication is Key

Spock communicates a lot nonverbally: he raises an eyebrow, stands with hands on hips, tilts his head, raises both eyebrows, thins his lips, opens his mouth and looks askance as he speaks, nods, frowns, hums quietly, crosses his arms over his chest. All of these things add much-needed flavor to your dialogue, but can be difficult to write without getting repetitive. Keep in mind the range of communication, and also why he employs these techniques. It seems he does it on purpose.

A human does a lot of non-verbal communication without thinking about it. We flail our hands and shake our heads and our eyebrows are constantly dancing. Spock means to convey specific concerns with his non-verbal communication. It’s not that he’s doing it subconsciously. He also expects that the conversation partner understands the precise meaning of his communication. A raised eyebrow can say “fascinating” or “ridiculous” and it’s up to you the writer to tell us what it means, because Spock certainly knows what he means. Sometimes based on the circumstances it’s obvious, other times you might have to explicitly state it.

Also, and this isn’t something I see a lot, but in Random Thoughts (a Voyager episode) Tuvok outright states that prior to joining Starfleet most of his conversation was non-verbal and solely telepathy-based. Spock’s nuanced, yet subtle, non-verbal communication may in part be because on Vulcan they communicate telepathically in day-to-day interactions. This could also be interesting for a fic writer to explore.

8) You can get Spock to say almost anything with this trick:

Start out with “As you humans would say” or some variation.

Let’s say you write a sentence that has Spock saying, “What the hell?” Try as you might, editing as you may, you cannot resolve this sentence into anything approaching Spock’s normal speech. Try shifting it a little, and drawing attention to the incongruity rather than masking it. Instead, Spock now says, “I believe a human would now invoke the spectre of Satan’s abode in order to rhetorically inquire as to how this situation has come to be.” It’s perfect: precise without being needlessly complex, and it recalls the original “what the hell” in a way that makes the human reader nod thoughtfully or even laugh.

Used sparingly, this technique is amazingly helpful for relieving your own stress as a writer. It also has a long history in AOS and TOS as something that Spock really does, so bonus there! (see: “I can confirm your theory to be horseshit.”)

9) Spock gets interrupted a lot

Because of all the rules above. They get annoying to a human listener. Not much to say about this; just keep it in mind and also think about how that must affect him. Poor dear.

10) A short list of things Spock says often

When all else fails, deploy these Spockisms: obviously, fascinating, interesting, acceptable, (il)logical, intelligence, true (although he seldom says “false”), analyzing, yes (less frequently “no”), precisely, emotional, unnecessary, believe (he says “I believe” an awful lot for someone so devoted to logical reasoning).

11) Ugh, I completely don’t know what to write.

It’s cool, same here. Check out this list of Spock quotes on IMDB for inspiration.

12) What other tips do you employ when writing Spock?

For the Record (#12)

In the first of this week’s For the Record I’m pleased to be sharing the thoughts and work of Debbie ( wheresmybubble ).  She has a first degree in Art and Design, but switched to Computer Science and completed her Masters in 2013.  She currently works as a software developer, but is also pursuing her dream for a career in graphic novels and illustration.  Read her thoughts on journaling below:

1. How long have you been journaling?

I have been journaling since I was about 10. When I started I wrote a lot. Like page after page of words about my life and everything that’s happening. I stopped for a while when I was in university as the workload was crazy but on the bright side we were encouraged to fill in loads and loads of sketchbooks with design ideas!

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I just can’t believe Naruto is not in love with Sakura anymore.

It doesn’t make sense. Doesn’t make sense at all, and I can’t stop feeling sick everytime I think about it. If true love was that easy to forget, and that easy to start feeling for someone else, christ, I don’t even know what would happen to the world. 

Everytime I think about Naruto, I feel bad for him and Hinata. No, really, I do. And I feel bad for Sakura as well. Not for Sasuke, he doesn’t fucking care about anything, and I still don’t know why in heavens he started doing so.

But I feel bad about them because they didn’t have the future they wanted to. Well… Not in the way they wanted to. Naruto wanted to be Hokage. Boom! It happened. But he didn’t get his true love. I know shit happens in life, but hey! We had the clues, right? After several years of his life loving her, he didn’t even get the chance of telling her about his feelings. 

He never got the chance of telling her that he was the one who complimented her forehead! It makes me so sad that I want to scream of frustration, because it hurts. It hurts seeing that Naruto didn’t have his chance. It would hurt less if he just told her already and got dumped. Because that way she would know, and she wouldn’t be living a lie, just like she does now. She would know the truth, and maybe she would change her mind. Who knows?! 

And it hurts the most because I think everyone of you (inccluding me) who is reading this knows what it feels like being neglected and private of that person. And I ask myself everyday why would Kishimoto do this? Does he hate his own main character? Or he just doesn’t care anymore about the work which took many years of his life and all of his dedication? 

Well… I don’t know the answer, because there’s no right answer to make us understand what the hell did he do. I know money rules the world, but one day I believed that Naruto was beyond it. If I were him after all these years working really hard, working my ass out to give people this wonderful and beautiful story, I would love Naruto and all of my characters. And I would make the best ending for all of them, with no lies, with no pity (because once I was told that we just have pity for people we don’t like, and I agree) and with CLOSURE. That is still missing in the story.