wheres franklin


From left to right, we have George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and Benjamin Franklin

(In case it needs clarification, Jefferson accidentally caught Adams on fire. No one really knows where Franklin got the firecrackers from because they’re illegal in Pennsylvania.)

anonymous asked:

omg thank you so much for putting rosalind franklin in the dna history post!!

And also:

i think it is more correct to say that in 1953 Watson and Crick stole Rosalind’s picture to build their model, and when they published it, of course they didn’t gave her any credit. I think it is important for people to know that Rosalind Franklin discovered the antiparallel structure of the DNA molecule, but since her studies and researches were published after Watson and Crick’s, she didn’t get any recognition until many years later. (Sorry for the long message!)

Hello Nonnies!!

We can’t not talk about Rosalind Franklin. She is an awesome lady that is slowly getting the recognition she deserves in the scientific community.

(We also went to an all girls catholic highschool with large emphasis on science, and her name always came up in all of the science classes. It’s pretty hard to forget her name now. We are also going to hijack these asks to give a more in-depth biography for Rosalind Franklin.)

Franklin was a gifted X-ray crystallographer. She was a research associate at King’s College London in 1951, moved to Birkbeck College in 1953. She died at the early age of 37 due to ovarian cancer. Really she should have gotten the same Nobel Prize that Watson, Crick, and Wilkins shared in 1962 for the discovery of the DNA double helix, but the Nobel Committee are pricks and don’t award prizes posthumously.

Franklin’s the one to first contribute the concept of the two forms of DNA; A-DNA (dried, short and fat), and B-DNA (wet, long and thin). Photo 51 (image from Wikipedia) is the x-ray diffraction pattern developed while at King’s College that leads to the discovery of DNA double helix structure.

There has been some controversies surrounding the nature of her work being used by Watson and Crick. Allegations where made that Photo 51 was shown to Watson by her colleague Wilkins without Franklin’s permission (bad science ethics here) but we are not sure how true that allegation is. Franklin did not gain much recognition for her contribution originally, all that was mentioned was a footnote acknowledging that it was based on “general knowledge” of Franklin’s unpublished contribution.

Rosalind Franklin is a good example of sexism in science. She’s not gaining a lot of posthumous recognition for her work. I would also like to think that she’s an awesome role model for a lot of girls pursuing science as a field of study.

In case you’d forgotten American imperialism in the Philippines after Spanish colonial rule dating back to the 1500s.

From Wikipedia

“In some areas, Filipinos were forced into concentration camps, called reconcentrados, which were surrounded by free-fire zones. These camps were overcrowded which led to disease and death. Between January and April 1902, 8,350 prisoners of approximately 298,000 died. Some camps incurred death rates as high as 20 percent. "One camp was two miles by one mile (3.2 by 1.6 km) in area and ‘home’ to some 8,000 Filipinos. Men were rounded up for questioning, tortured, and summarily executed.“ In Batangas Province, where General Franklin Bell was responsible for setting up a concentration camp, a correspondent described the operation as "relentless.” General Bell ordered that by December 25, 1901, the entire population of both Batangas Province and Laguna Province had to gather into small areas within the “poblacion” of their respective towns. Barrio families had to bring everything they could carry because anything left behind—including houses, gardens, carts, poultry and animals—was to be burned by the U.S. Army. Anyone found outside the concentration camps was shot. General Bell insisted that he had built these camps to “protect friendly natives from the insurgents, assure them an adequate food supply” while teaching them “proper sanitary standards.” The commandant of one of the camps referred to them as the “suburbs of Hell."”

@heathermcnamara and i accidentally bought matching sweaters one time and like everything else we managed to turn it into feelgood franklee

[ speedpaint ]


Frasier, um, before you go, there’s one last thing you could help me with, not that you haven’t helped me a lot already. It’s the last scene, where Franklin and Mary Anne say goodbye. It’s never felt quite right to me. I’d like her to stand… oh, right about here, and tell him how much he’s meant to her and how she’ll never forget him.

pale-silver-comb replied to your post “Life fact: going to the gym when you’ve had shortness of breath all…”

AU where Stiles is you and Derek is the judgy gym dude.


Stiles would be the first person to tell you that he isn’t in the best shape of his life. The best shape of his life was when he was 21 and played division 1 lacrosse at Berkley. Now he’s a 28 year old guy who stands at the front of a classroom most of the day and drinks a few beers on the weekends. He’s not in bad shape, it’s just not great.

Which is why he joined a gym when he moved back to Beacon Hills and started teaching full time. He may have joined Hale Fitness because he wanted to see if Derek Hale had grown up as well as everyone said, but mostly it was about keeping in shape, or at least that’s the lie he told himself.

“I wouldn’t go to the gym today Stiles,” Scott said. He had called Stiles at 3:35 because he knew that was when Stiles headed over to Hale Fitness for his daily run. “The forest fires are getting worse and the air quality is dropping.”

“Don’t worry about me buddy,” Stiles said, putting the Jeep in gear and pulling out of the high school, “I have great lungs, I’ll be fine.”

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