In ur extensive knowledge on Astro boy has he ever cried? Do robots cry?
well he certainly does cry a lot in the manga and 60s anime
however in the 80s anime it’s mentioned that robots can’t really cry and that Atom in older issues couldn’t cry because he hadn’t “learned to”..meaning that it’s not something that comes naturally to robots as it does to humans (in the 60s anime they do show him ‘fake crying’ to get out of situations too)
Even in the manga there’s scenes where they show he still hadn’t learned to do it so I think a lot of robot behaviors in general come just from imitating humans and then become more natural to perform with time
In Pluto, Atom mentions that as he kept ‘pretending’ to enjoy food he eventually felt he could taste it so the same could be said about crying
Ironically later there’s a scene with Tenma teaching Helena (a robot woman) how to cry and says the same thing about how in time she will understand how ‘real crying’ feels
..yet later Tenma himself also says that truly advanced AIs are able to lie to themselves to the point they can believe they’re something they’re not or feel things they don’t. I think it’s up to the reader to decide whether Atom and the other robots can actually ‘cry’ or just make themselves believe they can cry and feel things in general because that’s what they’re taught to do