wheat barley

  • Adulthood: oh excellent my favorite wheat and barley cereal is on sale
  • Also adulthood: this store doesn't stock the gummy dinosaurs??? Ugh FINE I'll JUST get the sharks

Pro-tip for altar / household decoration: Get a couple of seasonal silk flower stalks for each holiday that you celebrate. Or, if you’d prefer, you can get decorations for each of the four seasons. You can even overlap the decorations for holidays or seasons with similar foliage. If you have trouble deciding what to use, you can check the herbal or floral correspondences for each holiday, or use things that are common in your area at that particular time of year. Your local craft store may also have seasonal selections to help you get started.

Here are some ideas:

  • Imbolc - White flowers, snowdrops, yellow forsythia, pussy willows, laurels, silver branches
  • Ostara - Pink flowers, tulips, crocuses, lilies, daffodils, plum or cherry blossoms
  • Beltane - Fire colors, mayflowers, dogwood blossoms, lilacs, daisies, marigolds, cedar tips
  • Midsummer - Greenery, ferns, irises, baby’s breath, roses, hibiscus, magnolia blossoms
  • Lughnasadh - Sun colors, sunflowers, wheat or barley stalks, hollyhocks, myrtle blossoms (any color)
  • Mabon - Fall colors, apples, autumn leaves, corn, oak leaves with acorns, gourds, rowan berries
  • Samhain - Pumpkins, apples (again), autumn leaves (again), cinnamon besom or broom, Halloween garlands
  • Yule - Evergreen boughs, poinsettias, holly leaves and berries, mistletoe (white berries, not red!), pine cones

You can arrange the stalks in a vase, or hang them from the wall with pushpins. (It’s easier than you think!) You can mix and match by color, and the silk flowers can be used year after year. Here are some of the altar garlands I’ve put up over my own altar.

“… how can I permit my disciples, Mahāmati, to eat food consisting of flesh and blood, which is gratifying to the unwise but is abhorred by the wise, which brings many evils and keeps away many merits; and which was not offered to the Rishis and is altogether unsuitable?
Now, Mahāmati, the food I have permitted [my disciples to take] is gratifying to all wise people but is avoided by the unwise; it is productive of many merits, it keeps away many evils; and it has been prescribed by the ancient Rishis. It comprises rice, barley, wheat, kidney beans, beans, lentils, etc., clarified butter, oil, honey, molasses, treacle, sugar cane, coarse sugar, etc.; food prepared with these is proper food. Mahāmati, there may be some irrational people in the future who will discriminate and establish new rules of moral discipline, and who, under the influence of the habit-energy belonging to the carnivorous races, will greedily desire the taste [of meat]: it is not for these people that the above food is prescribed. Mahāmati, this is the food I urge for the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattvas who have made offerings to the previous Buddhas, who have planted roots of goodness, who are possessed of faith, devoid of discrimination, who are all men and women belonging to the Śākya family, who are sons and daughters of good family, who have no attachment to body, life, and property, who do not covet delicacies, are not at all greedy, who being compassionate desire to embrace all living beings as their own person, and who regard all beings with affection as if they were an only child.”
- Gautama Buddha, Lankavatara Sutra, translated by D. T. Suzuki (1932), Chapter Eight: On Meat-eating.

AP Human Geography: Agriculture Review
  1. What is the difference between subsistence and commercial agriculture?

    1. Subsistence agriculture is the production of only enough food for your family and not for sale. In LDCs.

    2. Commercial agriculture is the production of food for sale. It is in MDCS. The system of commercial farming in MDCS is called agribusiness.

  2. What is the difference between seed and vegetative planting?

    1. Seed agriculture is the reproduction of plants through annual planting of seeds.

      1. 3 Hearths in Eastern Hemisphere   

        1. western India, northern China, and Ethiopia.

        2. From western India, it diffused to Southwest Asia, where wheat and barley were first domesticated; these two grains later fed Europeans and Americans.   

        3. In southwest asia, also domesticated herd animals such as cattle, sheep and goats.

        4. from southwest Asia, seed agriculture diffused through Europe and North Africa.

        5. diffused eastward to northwestern India and the Indus River Valley. From the china hearth, millet diffused to South Asia and Southeast Asia.

        6. millet and sorghum were domesticated in ethiopia.

      2. 2 Hearths in Western Hemisphere

        1. southern Mexico and northern Peru

          1. Southern Mexico- squash and corn/maize   

          2. northern Peru- beans, cotton, and squash

    2. Vegetative Planting is the reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants, such as cutting stems and dividing roots.

      1. the first plants domesticated in Southeast Asia - roots like taro and yam and tree crops like the banana and the palm.

      2. From the Southeast Asia hearth, it diffused northward and eastward to China and Japan, and westward through India, Southwest Asia, tropical Africa and the area around the Mediterranean Sea.

      3. Other hearths- West Africa and northwestern South America.

        1. West Africa- palm trees and yams

        2. South America- manioc, sweet potatoes and arrowroot

      4. From South America, it diffused to Central America and eastern areas of South America.

  3. What are the three steps of shifting agriculture?

    1. Cut down vegetation and clear the land

    2. The land is burned to remove vegetation, drive away pests, and this gives nutrients for planting.

    3. Immediately begin planting in the ashes and left alone for a while.

  4. Where were the first plants cultivated? How?

    1. Southeast Asia through vegetative planting. Plants- roots like the yam and taro and tree crops like the banana and the palm.

  5. What is the township and range survey system?

    1. The American system

    2. encouraged settles to disperse evenly across interior farmlands

    3. grid-like pattern drawn without reference to natural terrain

    4. 1 square mile could be sold as whole half or quarter

  6. What is the difference between vertical and horizontal integration?

    1. Vertical Integration

      1. the company owns everything needed in order to make that product

      2. more control

      3. when end product is successful, higher benefit

      4. less rigorous collaboration

      5. efficiency over flexibility

    2. Horizontal Integration

      1. company has several diff companies under it in order to produce something

      2. less control

      3. more collaboration

  7. What are cons of using GMOs? Pros?

    1. cons

      1. money going into labeling and research

      2. already certified organic foods

      3. no health danger

    2. pros

      1. animal DNA

      2. have the right to know what’s in their food and what companies do to it

  8. What is the significance of the first agricultural revolution?

    1. The Neolithic Revolution- diffusion of agriculture practices

    2. drastically changed human life

      1. increase in reliable food supplies

      2. rapid increase in total human population

      3. job specialization’

      4. widening of gender differences

      5. settled people vs. nomads

        1. settled people thought their way of life was better

  9. Draw and explain Von Thumen’s theory.

      1. Ring 1: Market Gardening and Dairy

        1. nearest bc perishable and spoil quickly, expensive to deliver

      2. Ring 2: Forest/ Wood

        1. bulky and heavy to transport

      3. Ring 3: Field Crops

        1. less perishable, more of wheat and grains

      4. Ring 4: Animal grazing

        1. needs a lot of space

  10. What are the current trends in organic agriculture?

    1. the presence of chemicals in soils and ground water, people are concerned about the chemicals.

    2. US, Western Europe, and Jpan

  11. What is the significance of the second agricultural revolution?

    1. 18th century in Western Europe

    2. preceded industrial revolution, so it could be possible to feed the growing cities

    3. higher yields

    4. improved crop rotation

    5. improved equipment and better farming methods greatly increased the productivity of European Farms

    6. “the larger the farm and better the production, less farmers needed

  12. Why is slash and burn agriculture unsustainable for the future?

    1. Deforestation

    2. Erosion

    3. Nutrient Loss

    4. Biodiversity Loss

  13. What is the metes and bounds land survey method?

    1. English System

    2. natural and man made features used to show irregular land patterns

    3. used along eastern seaboard of the US

  14. Why has shifting cultivation been practiced for centuries in many places?

    1. used in places where soil is not particularly fertile and where grasslands or forests are present

    2. provides a source of food and income

  15. Why might people be against the Green Revolution?    

    1. Green Revolution: 3rd Agricultural Revolution

      1. 20th century

      2. biotechnology

      3. new higher yields of crops

      4. expanded use of fertilizers


      1. poor countries can’t afford the machinery seeds and fertilizers

      2. fertilizers can lead to groundwater pollution and the reduction of organic matter in the soil

      3. overfishing

      4. Sub Saharan Africa- not enough food

        1. the population is increasing faster than food production

      5. Groundwater depletion

      6. not a balanced diet bc land is devoted to ONE type

  16. What techniques were used in the Green Revolution?

    1. biotechnology

    2. machinery

    3. genetic technology

    4. fertilizers

anonymous asked:

Hello! I hope you are doing well. May I ask what kind of things would acceptable as an offering to Artemis? Thank you!

The historical offerings of flowers, fruits, bread and cookies, honey, meat, olive oil, wheat, barley, and wine are appropriate for all Theoi.

Storax and Frankincense are both mentioned as specific incense offerings for Artemis in hymns.

You can also look for items, plants, and animals She favors in myth, and use those to get ideas for offerings; such as a figuring of a hunting dog


A Tasty Solution 

Saltwater Brewery created an answer to floating plastic six pack rings harming the ocean environment and its creatures. Their rings are edible and made from wheat and barley leftover from the beer making process. It’s a great way for the brewery to cut back on waste product and provides a snack for fish and other sea dwelling animals. If more companies recycled like this maybe we could cut down on the amount of garbage polluting our waters daily.

Kudos, Saltwater Brewery.


Yes yes yes! What a wonderful idea! A 100% biodegradable six-pack ring, plastic-free and made of barley and wheat leftover from the brewing process. 

We need every beer company to support and switch to these edible six pack rings! In the meantime and if you must purchase a six-pack with plastic rings, don’t forget to cut it up before you throw it out, That way, if it accidentally ends up in the water, no animals will get entangled in the rings. 

anonymous asked:

Hi ! I was wondering if you could share some tips for dealing w IBS. I feel horrible. Do u follow a low FOD MAP diet?

i dont follow a fodmap diet no, since i compete i have a specific diet but what i follow is this

1. Dairy (including butter)
2. Gluten (rye, barley, wheat, oats, spelt unless its certified gluten free)
3. Soy (including soy protein, tofu, spy protein isolates, and soy sauce)
4. Legumes (including all beans and peanuts)
5. All sugar

All of these foods are extremely inflammatory for someone with IBS. You need to be extremely strict with avoiding these foods for minimum of 4 weeks and you’ll notice the difference! :)

Syrian war spurs first withdrawal from doomsday Arctic seed vault

Well, this is not only a fascinating piece of infrastructure, but also a scifi trope merging into real life.

Syria’s civil war has prompted the first withdrawal of seeds from a “doomsday” vault built in an Arctic mountainside to safeguard global food supplies, officials said on Monday.

The seeds, including samples of wheat, barley and grasses suited to dry regions, have been requested by researchers elsewhere in the Middle East to replace seeds in a gene bank near the Syrian city of Aleppo that has been damaged by the war.

[read more on reuters]

Congratulations on getting a job and graduating! And congrats on deciding to try veg again!

Here’s my very unofficial guide to cheap veg living :)

Money tips:

1. One of the biggest keys I think is buying in bulk. Bulk beans, rice, and wheat berries (or barley/farro/etc) are great bases for a lot of delicious not-boring meals. (Especially ones you can make in bulk and store for later meals like wheat salad or stir fry)

2. Good, inexpensive, and healthy protein options are whole grains, eggs, beans, and tofu. I especially like garbanzo beans (chickpeas). Learning to cook good-tasting tofu takes practice, but can be done. I basically just cut it into cubes and fry it in oil until it’s golden-brown. You can also marinade it like you would meat before you do this!

3. If you can, shop from Asian and Hispanic markets. They are usually half (or less) the price of your average grocery store and have tons of delicious spices, sauces, and veggies. The Asian place I shop at has everything from Chinese and Korean food to Indian and Thai food, plus really cheap humane eggs that come from the owner’s backyard-roaming chickens.

4. Eat seasonal produce as much as you can. This is where people feel like vegetarian/vegan diets get expensive, but they don’t have to be. Avoid getting spring/summer fruits in the dead of winter, and stick with dark leafy greens, winter gourds/squashes, and tomatoes while it’s still cold.

5. When you do shop at a regular grocery store, always buy the store brand over the name brand. There’s usually no difference and it’ll save you so much. Also, if you have one, Aldi’s is a magical wonderful grocery store full of cheap produce/other necessities.

Try and make sure any pastas you buy are whole grain, as they have a good deal of your daily protein needs. We also have a smoothie aficionado in the apartment, and he uses either peanut butter or protein powder to give it that extra kick. If you like bananas, there’s not much better than a peanut butter banana smoothie with some chocolate syrup/ hot chocolate packs in it. It’s healthy and tastes like dessert. Regular nuts have good protein in them too but can get pretty expensive, so I just keep peanut butter around. Nutritional yeast is also pretty fantastic. A little goes a long way and it’s packed with protein, iron, and other nutrients. Tastes cheesy.

All in all our monthly grocery bill for 2 people looks like this:

$1-2 for bulk rice ($9 20lb bag from Walmart that lasts several months for 2 people)
$3-5 for beans
$25 for supplies from the Asian market (2 lb rice noodles, 3 packs tofu, fresh produce, sauces, Indian curry, tea, egg rolls, miso)
$10-15 for cheese
$2 wheat berries. I order these online. You can get $1/lb on Amazon or most other sites. It lasts forever.
$15 on whole wheat pasta (you can get this in bulk too, making it even cheaper)
$12-15 on eggs and almond milk
$25 on other produce/misc

Total: $93-$104

I do spend more on the eggs and milk since they’re backyard eggs and almond milk, so if you’re really strapped for cash that would bring it down probably an extra $5-$10 a month.

Hope this helps! Let me know if you have any questions about this set-up/anything else. And best of luck!

Eva Ekeblad (1724-1786) was a Swedish noblewoman who gained a reputation as an influential scientist and agronomist. She was the first female member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, to which she gained admission in 1748.

Her most important discoveries were how to make flour and alcohol out of potatoes, which had a massive influence on the reduction of famine in the country; thanks to her work, the potato became a staple food, nourishing and accessible to all social classes. The possibility of producing alcohol from potatoes also meant that more wheat, barley, and rye could be used to make bread, therefore feeding many more people than before.

Mosaic Depicting Autumn, Third century AD

Mosaics adorned public spaces across the Roman Empire, but the majority are found in private villas. The extremely time-consuming and, therefore, expensive aspect of installing this art form meant that great attention was paid to creating attractive designs, appropriate both to the owner and to the setting. Along with mythological subjects and scenes from everyday life, the depiction of abstract elements important in Roman society was popular, for example, fertility, abundance, power, and security.

The choice of the Four Seasons alludes to good fortune, plentiful harvests, and prosperity, and to the cyclical nature of time, and was particularly relevant in this agricultural society that depended on the cultivation of wheat, barley, wine and olive oil. The personification of the Four Seasons - Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter - belongs to a rich iconographical tradition, stemming from as early as the fourth century BC. By the Late Roman Period, they were most frequently imagined as isolated busts of young women, each distinguishable by different attributes, usually different elements of agricultural produce. The richly coloured, exuberant flora in this composition point to an association with Autumn.

things i am irrationally obsessed with: ronan and his history with music. ten years of learning music. iRISH MUSIC COMPETITIONS. literal handfuls of tin whistles at the barns. that frustration dream stool that just plays the wheat in the barley really fast. RONAN BEING ABLE TO WHISTLE A REEL OVER AND OVER AT THE SAME PACE. what “obscure irish music instrument” did he play??? were the competitions individual or were the lynches like a really irish family von trapp? (i mean hc that niall did insist they play together at least at home and also niall was a really good fiddle player because of all the devil associations with him). 

ronan obviously loves the music for sentimental reasons at the very least; i love the detail of him rationing out the music from his old life because there’s so much emotion and memory attached to it and he’s afraid of losing that. did he love it that much before niall died, because it was a part of niall and the family as a whole? also, did niall teach them, or did they have hired teachers due to niall’s constant absences? (did niall come home and make them play for him and critique what the teacher was doing with them? did the boys seek his approval in this? was ronan coming along best in niall’s view? did declan resent the lessons or try his hardest? and regarding the headcanon i mentioned earlier, did niall ever have any of them learn to play fiddle or was that his?

another important thing: DOES RONAN SING WELL? was ronan ever in the church choir as a child? does gansey ever catch ronan, late at night, absently singing to chainsaw a song his father sang to him? i just have so many feelings about how the music we grow up with shapes our lives and for ronan, son of the charming musician who obviously found it important that his family be as involved in this music of his heritage as he was, it must occupy a huge piece of his heart. 

so yes. ronan and music. give me more.


Persephone Remembering

is the only thing my fingers deserve to grow
I care not for the velvet rose and brushed sunflower
nor hardened wheat or ripened barley
I would cover the land with your sacred bloom of death
Just for a memory of you.

So this is going to be my last painting for a while - I’m slowly planning out a short fancomic(??? I’m not sure how to categorize it exactly) based off Receiver of Many, and this piece is part of that comic that I’m going to undertake. (And if this is any indication of how slow I work, I’ll probably finish this comic in like, 6 years. Sigh)

Consider this a tease for the upcoming comic! :D

I often think of that study about stereotypes, wherein children are asked to draw a scientist, and they almost unilaterally draw a bearded white man.

I think if you asked most children to “Draw a Farmer,” you would by-and-large get the same result.

It’s odd, because globally, women are about half of the formal agricultural workforce, and we produce (and cook!) the majority of the world’s food.

I remember my grandmother had a vegetable garden that was about half an acre large. She produced, canned, and prepared the vegetables the family actually ate, whereas my grandfather farmed barley and wheat and took care of the animals. They were both doing intensive agricultural labour, but the difference is he had the chance and to earn money for his work. It’s more than a mere division of labour: it’s a division of capital and freedom that squarely favoured my grandfather. He was “the farmer,” and she was “the farmer’s wife.”

That historical barrier between informal and formal work–and the perceptions of the relative value of both–is a huge part of why women are lagging far behind in factors like property and equipment ownership.



Translated to ‘Seven S’s’ in Persian, the table is the traditional table setting for the Persian new year Norooz

The seven items on the table are:

1: Sabzeh (سبزه) - sprouts from different kinds of seeds mostly wheat or barley, to represent rebirth

2: Samanu (سمنو) - a sweet pudding symbolising affluence 

3: Senjed (سنجد) - dried oleaster symbolising love

4: Sir (سیر) - garlic symbolising medicine 

5: Sib (سیب)  - apples symbolising health & beauty 

6: Somaq (سماق) - somaq spice symbolising the rising sun

7: Serkheh (سرکه) - vinegar symbolising old age & patience 

other traditional items include a mirror, candles, pomegranates, painted eggs, goldfish, coins, & a copy of the Shahnahmeh written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi

Buddhism: Beginning Study

To those interested in Buddhism but are not sure where to start may I suggest the following:  First read my two short introductory pieces Getting Started with Buddhism and Getting Started with Meditation. Then invest  two hours in watching  the brilliant documentary with Buddhist Richard Gere “The Buddha”. This will give you a solid beginners background. From there try reading one or more of these books:

I hope this is of some assistance to the new student.

๑ Samsaran ๑