Rather than something separate from or running counter to the colonial state, the murderous activities of the frontier rabble constitute its principle means of expansion… Characteristically, officials express regret at the lawlessness of this process while resigning themselves to its inevitability… The occasions on or the extent to which settler colonialism conduces to genocide are not a matter of the presence or absence of the formal apparatus of the state.
— Wolfe, P. 2008. Structure and event: settler colonialism and the question of genocide. In Empire, Colony, Genocide: Settler colonialism and the question of genocide, ed. A. D. Moses, 102-132. Oxford: Berghahn Books.