what are some good books

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she’s a handsome woman // panic! at the disco

y’all: i’m not gonna watch the trc show if [x] and [y] and [z]

me, with my popcorn already popped: ……………………………

🎨 Source

prongswhatthefuck2  asked:

What are some good tips for getting started with writing a book? I have a concept but i can't put it into place.

Getting Started with Your Story

There’s no one way to start writing a book. For some people, it’s enough to just jump in and start writing to see where the story takes them. If you’re not too keen on that idea, then here is one process (as in, not the only process) that might help you move beyond your concept. 

  • Concept ≠ Plot

Many writers mistake concept for plot, but they’re actually two very different things. A world where everyone grows up with superpowers is a concept; the plot is what you decide to write about within that concept - the specific characters and what happens to those characters; who your antagonist is and what conflict arises when that antagonist goes after what they want. All of these things contribute to your plot. 

So first, define what it is you actually have at this particular point. Do you just have a concept? If so, you’ll need to take the necessary steps to develop that concept into a plot. 

  • Concept >>> Plot

If you’ve decided that all you really have is a concept, then how do you take it and turn it into a plot? You brainstorm. All brainstorming really amounts to is expanding your ideas. All you’re doing is asking questions about the concept and delving deep into the answers. 

The most simplistic way to start this process, especially if you’re struggling, is to ask one of two questions (or both, if applicable). These two questions: What could go wrong? What could go right?

Going back to my example about a world where everyone grows up with superpowers. If I were to ask the question “what could go wrong,” I’d end up with a whole list of possibilities. 

  • The powers suddenly disappear
  • People start abusing their powers
  • Someone figures out how to steal powers
  • A hierarchy of strong vs. weak powers develops, creating superiority/inferiority dynamics
  • Someone is born without a superpower

There are many more possibilities I didn’t even think of here, but any one (or more) of these could become a plot. Choose one that sounds interesting, and then ask yourself “and then what?” 

Say I choose: Someone figures out how to steal powers. Then what does that person do? Do they recruit people to do the dirty work for them? Do they work alone? Do they hoard these powers and barter them for other goods? Do they attempt to enslave people? Do they attempt to take control of institutions? What do they do?

Your goal is to take your ideas and turn them into actions taken by characters. People doing things. And each piece you add will usually lead into another. If you went with the idea that this character is stealing powers and essentially selling them for other goods, you’d have to ask yourself follow-up questions. First, who are they selling to? Why would anyone buy a new superpower if they already have one? What uses would they have for additional ones? What is the key demographic that this person is trying to reach? Secondly, what are they selling them in exchange for? Money? Favors? Souls? What is this character getting in return?

Now that you’ve examined potential actions that the character takes, you’ve also exposed potential new characters. 

  • People they’re stealing from
  • People they’re bargaining with
  • People that try to police these crimes
  • People that try to copy this character’s process

At the beginning of this section, I talked about using “what could go right” as another optional jumping off point. This is a good path to follow if your concept is already really negative. For a concept where someone is killing people for some pointed reason, you might ask “what could go right” and explore ideas where the killer is caught and brought to justice. 

The point of all this is to think about change as a means of taking your idea from concept to plot. A concept is static - it doesn’t move, evolve, or change. By developing a plot, you’re forcing the concept to be challenged in some way. If you think about it that way, you’ll be able to formulate conflicts, and the people that orchestrate and fight against those conflicts. 

On that note, I think we’re ready to move onto the third piece of my graphic above. 

  • Plot = Character Actions and Consequences

At this point, you have sketches for characters. You’ve got this nameless, faceless person that is stealing the powers, and all these other nameless, faceless people that I listed above. In essence, we have character concepts. And just like we turned our initial concept into a plot, we have to turn these character concepts into actual characters. 

The basics are the easiest way to start. You figure out their name, their gender identity, their age, their appearance, some brief backstory and personality traits. I personally prefer the simplest questionnaire that I put together back in the early days because it hits on the poignant pieces of a character without overwhelming you with 100s of questions. 

Now that you’ve given your character concepts names and faces and potential behaviors, you start to consider how one character’s view of the world inspires them to take certain actions, and you then think about how those actions affect your entire story. 

We already kind of talked about the motives of the power thief in our example, but definitely delve deep here. On the surface, this character seems bad - stealing from people and then selling what they steal. But depending on what it is they’re getting in return, could we not argue that this character is a supernatural Robin Hood? Maybe instead of selling, they’re giving, and maybe the characters they’re stealing powers from are people that abuse and misuse their powers. Character motives can take a plot and turn it on its head, forcing you to reconceptualize everything. And that’s okay! That’s part of the process.

But separate from that idea, if we have a character concept of someone whose powers were stolen, and after developing their basic backstory, we discover that person’s name is Rose, and she has an especially close relationship with her brother. So when her powers are stolen, how does this affect her life? Was she using her powers to keep her brother alive and protected? What she using them to keep a roof over their heads? Was she using them as part of her job, as a means of providing? What happens to her life when her powers are stolen? And what will Rose do about it? Whatever Rose does will impact the story. If she does nothing to get her powers back, how does she solve her problems and does that make for a good story? If she does decide to act, then you’ve moved onto a new plot point to dive deeper into.

My point is, character concepts come from plots, but characters themselves often create plot, as their decisions and mistakes and successes create new outcomes. So if I could modify my original flow chart:

Before you develop something, you conceptualize it. You have a concept, then you make it a plot. You have concepts for characters, then you make them characters. And those characters end up driving your plot, to the point that this happens:

Plot inspires character. Character inspires plot. And it just keeps going around and around and around. Breaking it down into these pieces helps organize the process, but developing a story is rarely this neat and tidy. You’ll get ideas that don’t make sense, ideas that aren’t cohesive, characters you don’t need, characters that piss you off, problems you can’t solve, or plot points you’ve committed to that you no longer like…it will be messy. But it’s your mess, and the more you work on developing your own process, the more it’ll make sense to you. And it’ll become easier to know how to go about fixing it when something’s not right. 

Have fun with this process! It’s supposed to be fun. When the pieces start to become clearer, you’re able to put them together in a rough outline. And once you have a rough outline, you can start writing, and really see it take shape. 

-Rebekah

How to Learn a Language Naturally: Back to the Basics

        Lately as I’ve been gradually getting back into independent language learning I’ve found myself struggling with where to begin. Every textbook I would take out would leave me bored and frustrated with either the simplicity or the level it was placed at relative to where I was at that time; yet without some sort of direction, I felt lost. Already battling against lack of motivation, creating a self-study program from scratch seemed like an incredibly daunting task. However, after taking a step back I’ve begun to see other approaches that I can take to learn the language in a more natural way – turning away from standard study that leaves me unmotivated, and focusing instead on fun and entertaining ways of language application. Here is what I’ve come up with.


Starting off as a beginner:

        My greatest and first word of advice for starting off as a beginner in your target language would be to start looking around websites such as Memrise and Quizlet for lists of most commonly used words. The “Learn [Language] in 200/300 words” posts on Tumblr by @funwithlanguages are also a great place to start. Start working on pronouns, general sentence structure or basic phrases, and learning the overall conjugation patterns for the most basic verbs. Flashcards and index cards are incredibly useful here. This will give you a good foundation off of which you can build further.

        In addition, having some sort of structured course, such as the Teach Yourself series or many available courses on Memrise that teach vocabulary connected with dialogues, is extremely helpful. It has been scientifically proven that a person learns vocabulary much faster when they have some sort of emotional connection formed, and by learning words in context, it is much easier to remember what something means and how it is used.

Reading/Speaking:

Find some good, easy, dual-language books to start off with. Go through them chapter by chapter, making sure to read each paragraph in only the target language before going back and looking up/checking unknown words. Read each section multiple times as to ensure comprehension, and, even better, read it to yourself out loud while working on pronunciation. Later, as you become more advanced, you can move on to books entirely in your target language, and try to write your own definitions of unknown words using the given context before checking them yourself.

Search for different news sources from countries where your target language is spoken. Read through the article and write your own summaries of events.

Try changing the language settings on your phone or social media accounts to your target language, and make note of any new vocabulary – don’t allow yourself to go on autopilot.

Challenge yourself to make short vlogs or general videos in your target language. If needed, feel free to write a script to read off of; otherwise, challenge yourself to speak purely off the top of your head – using as much as you know, even if your sentences start off broken.

Set up Skype sessions with native speakers and practice communicating using whatever knowledge of your target language you possess. If you are unsure of a word, try to use others to describe it instead of resorting to your native language (or even just ask how you would say something using your target language).

Look up the lyrics to different songs in your target language and practice translating. Similarly, try translating other songs into your target language.

Writing:

Find native speakers who would be willing to communicate with and correct you, and practice conversing using only your target language (no matter how often you need to use a dictionary – but make sure you take note of any new vocabulary or concepts you come across!).

Practice writing status updates (whether on a private account or not), journal entries, essays, or fictional pieces in your target language. If able, see if you can find a native speaker who would be willing to give you corrections, or simply post your text on Lang8!

Listening:

Youtube is a great resource for all levels of language learning. Try searching for content creators that make videos in a genre you enjoy, and utilize their channels to practice your listening skills and inferring from context while immersing yourself. Write down any words you are unsure of to look up later.

Music in your target language – listen for words you recognize, and look up those you don’t. Things like lyrics are much more likely to stick in your memory, so use that to your advantage!

Look around for an online radio that broadcasts news in your target language, or even an online news source that posts or broadcasts video.

Watch films in your target language, even if it’s content that was originally in English. Many DVDs come with dubs in other languages depending on where you’re from, and Netflix (especially Netflix Original Series) also offers many different dub and subtitle options depending on the content. Even YouTube occasionally has films or TV episodes uploaded in other languages, so long as you look hard enough.

Grammar:

When it comes to grammar, it is important to have a good, solid grammar book that breaks down all basic ideas into something that is comprehensible. Don’t start off with learning grammar right away, however; give yourself some time to really soak up the language itself and get used to basic concepts first. Once you’re at a higher level, being able to properly break down your target language and put it back together will substantially help your progression to fluency.

Incorporate practice sentences into your writing, utilizing each concept. By forcing yourself to physically use each grammatical structure in a context you’ve come up with yourself, it will be much easier for you to master each idea, as well as help it to become more natural.

Hopefully this was helpful in some way! Good luck, and happy language learning!

heart-to-heart sleepover asks for u:

share or tell me some of your stuff like:

- share your favorite childhood memory
- what are some of the things that remind you of me?
- share your cute crush stories maybe?
- describe your dream date!!
- how was your day?
- what are some of your “impossible” dreams?
- who is your favorite person? why?
- describe your dream significant other?
- what do you wanna be when you grow up?
- what’s your go-to happy place?
- share your favorite songs!!
- suggest some good books, films, anime, etc
- what makes your heart go 💖💘💓💟💕
- describe your pets!!!
- what’s something good that happened to you today?

So I’ve been thinking about Christine. She says play rehearsal is the only time she gets to be the center of attention and that line strikes me as someone who’s parents don’t care about her. Maybe she started going because what’s the point of coming home to a family that doesn’t really care? Play rehearsal would be the only time she could really express and be herself.

2

               “How did you come to be a pirate?”
               “I was aboard a pirate ship.”
               She rolled her eyes at him.
               “How did you come to be aboard a pirate ship?”

                                                                                     - To Catch a Pirate by Jade Parker

li-hada  asked:

What are some good cryptozoology books?

Monster Hunt: The Guide to Cryptozoology which is a great book and I would recommend it! Its set up to look like the journal of a cryptozoologist and offers very basic information on cryptozoology and cryptids. I personally own this one.

Cryptozoology A to Z, you cant go wrong with a book written by world renowned cryptozoologist Loren Coleman. It was written in 1999 so you will be lacking in information of cryptids gathered in the last 18 years but I’m sure it has great information on cryptids and you may even learn about some you’ve never heard of before.

Mysterious America A guidebook to cryptozoology in the United States. Another great book written by Loren Coleman.

Mysterious Creatures: A Guide to Cryptozoology is an encylopedia of nearly 1000 cryptids. It also covers hoaxes, sightings, habitats, and possible explanations for its existence.

Mothman: The Facts Behind the Legend another book I personally own. Everything you could ever want to know about the Mothman and surrounding occurrences is covered in this book. It includes newspaper clippings which are very interesting to read.

Encyclopedia of Cryptozoology: A Global Guide to Hidden Animals and Their Pursuers this is another encyclopedia with 2,744 entries. Would be a great reference for learning about cryptids and cryptozoology.

Tom Slick: True Life Encounters in Cryptozoology tells the true story of millionaire Tom Slick who spent his time searching for cryptids. This book isn’t specifically about cryptids but about a man’s journey to find them. Loren Coleman also wrote this one.

anonymous asked:

What are some good online resources for traditional witchcraft?🔮 I love books but am a bit strapped for cash as of right now. 🌟Thank you and you have a wonderful day.🌟

Hi there! As far as online resources go I don’t have much, because I rely very heavily on paper books. 

here is Sarah Anne Lawless’ page, who is a traditional witch of some flavor, I cant put my finger on it but something has always seemed a little off to me about her posts. That being said, it’s actually chock full of good information!

Here is another website, more of a forum really, but that I have skimmed through before and has some good information as well. Also useful if you’re wanting to be part of some kind of community, although I haven’t really interacted with any members, just observed. Take what you read with a grain of salt as always. 

Here is a PDF of Call of The Horned Piper, a book by Nigel Jackson that delves deeper into Traditional Witchcraft and is kind of a dry read but definitely a must read. 

I know you said you don’t have a lot of money available for books, but you may be able to find any of these books in PDF or very cheap forms if you look hard enough!

Lastly the best thing I can do is give you a list of some other blogs here on tumblr that have proven to be fantastic and invaluable resources!

@ofwoodandbone

@serpentandstang

@leaping-hare-witchery

@spiritusarcanum

@baneandbeauty

@the-witching-tree

@iopanosiris

@ioqayin

These are just the few I could remember off the top of my head! Good luck and please come back if you have any questions at all!

Ask the Witch

‪Ah, the good old days, when schools tooled up every single pupil FOR PATRIOTISM. ‬

reddit.com
What are some good books to learn about Native American history? Ideally Algonquin/Ojibway • r/AskHistorians
I have some history of these people, and some stuff that I've learned from my grandmother but that's more what her life was like when she was young. I'd like to learn more about the realities of my people and how they lived, as opposed to pop culture understanding of them. Any solid resources beyond general Internet research to learn would be greatly beneficial in my search. Thank you!

From /u/anthropology_nerd

My favorite, solid introductory text for the Anishinaabeg is McDonnell’s Masters of Empire: Great Lakes Indians and the Making of America. This book is immensely readable, well sourced to direct you to further sources, and does an amazing job of centering the story in the Great Lakes (instead of facing west from English or French colonial lands). Seriously one of my favorite books.

Going out to the whole West, Calloway’s One Vast Winter Count: The Native American West before Lewis and Clark gives a great overview, and Rushforth’s Bonds of Alliance: Indigenous and Atlantic Slaveries in New France deals with the repercussions of the Indian slave trade in the region. Rushforth may be too focused for an intro, but it is fascinating to examine the slave trade as you dive into the history of the region. White’s The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815 used to be the go-to source, but might be a little dated now. If you start with White go to McDonnell next to get an updated perspective.

Hope this helps. Happy reading!

so i’m absolutely fucking livid

i was looking through the new books at my library, and I see this piece of shit, the title is “The Politically Incorrect Guide to Jihad” and I feel like you can already tell where the fuck this is going

yeah, it’s an entire several hundred page book of some white-ass piece of shit blowing his mouth off about how how Islam is actually a violent religion and anyone who tells you otherwise is lying to you.  On the front cover it says shit like “did you know, not all muslims are terrorists, but most terrorists are muslims” as if the FBI numbers don’t fucking prove that the biggest threat in our goddamn country is an entitled white christian man with a gun, as if all of history doesn’t prove that white people are the single biggest threat to human freedom in the entire globe

there are at least five books about christianity on the new books shelves but that was the only new book about islam.  I am not fucking standing for this.  I believe that libraries shouldn’t censor shit, but there’s a difference between not censoring and giving an unequal platform that presents a flat out danger to people who may belong to our community.  not to mention the anger i feel that this book even managed to get fucking published, let alone get onto our shelves.

SO LISTEN: I need some help.  I want suggestions of books, fiction and nonfiction, about Islam by Muslims, including actual facts.  If I have any Muslim followers, or anyone who knows any good books about actual Islam and not what some piece of white shit wants to lie through his teeth about and pretend he understands shit, I want your suggestions.  ESPECIALLY new books.  Anything less than six months old is preferable, because that’s new enough for me to put in a purchase request at my library.  I’m going to do some of my own research now, too, but I would really appreciate suggestions from people who know what they’re talking about.

If this book has to fucking exist in my library, I’m going to fucking drown it out with books about REAL Islam

farvann  asked:

What are some good vampire lore books u recommend?

My personal fav is The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Vampires. It pretty much covers all the bases. Another good one that I turn to a lot is The Vampire Book: The Encyclopedia of the Undead. it’s very easy to navigate and just look up random things.

Honorable mentions: The Vampire in Lore and Legend and Vampires, Burial, and Death. These are more sit down and read books, have sticky notes handy to mark specific facts, but have a lot of good stuff (but the 2 other books listed above reference these 2 so you don’t neeeed them)

In the non-finalized script for Kill la Kill’s episode 20 (as included in the The Complete Script Book), there’s a bit of an extra exchange between Senketsu and Satsuki that didn’t quite make the cut. Rather than switch right to the battlefield immediately after Satsuki comes before Senketsu to save Ryuko from Junketsu, the script details the “conversation” leading to their team-up: 

Satsuki: Senketsu, lend me your strength. (…鮮血、私に力を貸してくれ)

Senketsu: Satsuki…. (…皐月) 

Satsuki: Please, wear me. (私に着られてくれ、頼む)

Senketsu: You… (…お前)

Satsuki: You might despise me. But despite that, the only ones who can stop her right now are you and I. (私が憎いかも知れない。それでも今あいつを止められるのは私とお前だけだ)

Senketsu: ……

Of course, pretty much all of Satsuki’s lines do remain in the final episode; she still asks Senketsu to lend her his strength, and the episode ends on her final line here. The choice to move Satsuki’s dialogue is sensible, too; it’s far more dramatic and intense to skip right to the battle and include these lines in the battle rather than before the battle.

And that last line makes a pretty great cliffhanger for the next episode.

But there’s still something nice in this cut piece. For one, it emphasizes such a great change in Satsuki’s character. In this quiet moment, this woman who has grown up her whole life hating Life Fibers comes before them and asks for help. Satsuki speaks to Senketsu as an equal, her prejudice against him stripped away—and unlike the final cut, where it feels a little more like Satsuki talks at Senketsu rather than to him, the script makes it very clear that Satsuki is trying to have a real conversation. Even if she can’t hear him, even if she might have once considered conversing with Life Fibers as outlandish as fairy tales, Satsuki comes before Senketsu and she treats him like a person she wants to cooperate with.

And he responds! Senketsu feels far more like a character with agency here, as the audience gets to see him decide to work with Satsuki instead of just going with her because.

But perhaps one of the biggest missed elements from the script is Satsuki’s line, “Please, wear me.” (And many thanks to @kurouga for going over that bit with me!) 

Just… to hear Satsuki say such a thing, to a Kamui, when she has such a history of overpowering and dominating her own Kamui, always fighting for control? It says a lot. 

Here, Satsuki asks Senketsu to take the reins—and most importantly, she trusts him to do so. She trusts Senketsu to save Ryuko, because she finally acknowledges the bond they share and finally acknowledges that he’s not just a mindless beast. She tells him that she doesn’t want to fight him, even though she once believed that fighting a Kamui was the only way anyone could work with them. 

Satsuki opens her whole heart to Senketsu here, showing just how far her character has come and just how much she wants to make things right all in one simple line. 

It’s a damn good moment.

2

Connor: I’ve spent all of these years trying to forgive you, but I realized, you don’t deserve anything from me. You ruined my life, Steve. If it wasn’t for you, maybe my parents would actually be able to talk to me, without the look of disgust on their faces.